Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.19.2

गजमध्यगतः शेते विकर्णो मधुसूदन ।
नीलमेघपरिक्षिप्तः शरदीव दिवाकरः ॥ २ ॥

gajamadhyagataḥ śete vikarṇo madhusūdana |
nīlameghaparikṣiptaḥ śaradīva divākaraḥ || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sorrow, they are wandering like inebriated persons, driving away vultures and jackals and crows with difficulty. Behold, that lady of faultless limbs and slender waist, seeing...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.19.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gaja, Adhi, Agata, Vikarna, Madhusudana, Nilamegha, Parikshipta, Sharad, Iva, Divakara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.19.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gajamadhyagataḥ śete vikarṇo madhusūdana
  • gajam -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gajā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adhya -
  • adhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    adhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    adhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhā (verb class 1)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 2)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 3)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 4)
    [aorist middle first single]
    adhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • agataḥ -
  • agata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ag (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • śete -
  • śī (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • vikarṇo* -
  • vikarṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • madhusūdana -
  • madhusūdana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “nīlameghaparikṣiptaḥ śaradīva divākaraḥ
  • nīlamegha -
  • nīlamegha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nīlamegha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parikṣiptaḥ -
  • parikṣipta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaradī -
  • śarad (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • divākaraḥ -
  • divākara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.19.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.19.2 in Kannada sript:
ಗಜಮಧ್ಯಗತಃ ಶೇತೇ ವಿಕರ್ಣೋ ಮಧುಸೂದನ ।
ನೀಲಮೇಘಪರಿಕ್ಷಿಪ್ತಃ ಶರದೀವ ದಿವಾಕರಃ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.19.2 in Bengali sript:
গজমধ্যগতঃ শেতে বিকর্ণো মধুসূদন ।
নীলমেঘপরিক্ষিপ্তঃ শরদীব দিবাকরঃ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.19.2 in Gujarati sript:
ગજમધ્યગતઃ શેતે વિકર્ણો મધુસૂદન ।
નીલમેઘપરિક્ષિપ્તઃ શરદીવ દિવાકરઃ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.19.2 in Malayalam sript:
ഗജമധ്യഗതഃ ശേതേ വികര്ണോ മധുസൂദന ।
നീലമേഘപരിക്ഷിപ്തഃ ശരദീവ ദിവാകരഃ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 11.19.2 in Telugu sript:
గజమధ్యగతః శేతే వికర్ణో మధుసూదన ।
నీలమేఘపరిక్షిప్తః శరదీవ దివాకరః ॥ ౨ ॥

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