Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.10.20

ततः शक्तिं महाराज हेमदण्डां दुरासदाम् ।
प्राहिणोत्तव पुत्राय घोरामग्निशिखामिव ॥ २० ॥

tataḥ śaktiṃ mahārāja hemadaṇḍāṃ durāsadām |
prāhiṇottava putrāya ghorāmagniśikhāmiva || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...resplendent with diadems and necklaces and crowns, dropped ceaselessly on the earth. Then the Kalinga, the Vanga, and the Nishada heroes, riding on elephants, that resembled in splendour the elephant of the great...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.10.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Shakti, Maharaja, Maharajan, Hemadanda, Durasada, Utta, Putra, Ghora, Agnishikha, Iva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.10.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ śaktiṃ mahārāja hemadaṇḍāṃ durāsadām
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • śaktim -
  • śakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śakti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hemadaṇḍā -
  • hemadaṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hemadaṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • durāsadām -
  • durāsadā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “prāhiṇottava putrāya ghorāmagniśikhāmiva
  • prāhi -
  • prā (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ṇo -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • utta -
  • utta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ud -> utta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ud class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ud class 7 verb]
    ud -> utta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ud class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ud class 7 verb]
    und -> utta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √und class 6 verb], [vocative single from √und class 7 verb]
    und -> utta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √und class 6 verb], [vocative single from √und class 7 verb]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • putrāya -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ghorām -
  • ghorā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • agniśikhām -
  • agniśikhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.10.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.10.20 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಶಕ್ತಿಂ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಹೇಮದಣ್ಡಾಂ ದುರಾಸದಾಮ್ ।
ಪ್ರಾಹಿಣೋತ್ತವ ಪುತ್ರಾಯ ಘೋರಾಮಗ್ನಿಶಿಖಾಮಿವ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.10.20 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ শক্তিং মহারাজ হেমদণ্ডাং দুরাসদাম্ ।
প্রাহিণোত্তব পুত্রায ঘোরামগ্নিশিখামিব ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.10.20 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ શક્તિં મહારાજ હેમદણ્ડાં દુરાસદામ્ ।
પ્રાહિણોત્તવ પુત્રાય ઘોરામગ્નિશિખામિવ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.10.20 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ ശക്തിം മഹാരാജ ഹേമദണ്ഡാം ദുരാസദാമ് ।
പ്രാഹിണോത്തവ പുത്രായ ഘോരാമഗ്നിശിഖാമിവ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.10.20 in Telugu sript:
తతః శక్తిం మహారాజ హేమదణ్డాం దురాసదామ్ ।
ప్రాహిణోత్తవ పుత్రాయ ఘోరామగ్నిశిఖామివ ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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