Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.129.18

ततः समभवद्युद्धं संध्यायामतिदारुणम् ।
द्रोणस्य च महाराज सृञ्जयानां च सर्वशः ॥ १८ ॥

tataḥ samabhavadyuddhaṃ saṃdhyāyāmatidāruṇam |
droṇasya ca mahārāja sṛñjayānāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ || 18 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...said, 'Loud wails arose among your coops, O Bharata, after the slaughter of Bhurisravas and the ruler of the Sindhus. All of them disregarded the counsels of your son, those counsels...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.129.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Sama, Bhavat, Bhavant, Yuddha, Sandhya, Atidaruna, Drona, Maharaja, Maharajan, Srinjaya, Sarvashah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.129.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ samabhavadyuddhaṃ saṃdhyāyāmatidāruṇam
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhavad -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yuddham -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • sandhyāyām -
  • sandhyā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • atidāruṇam -
  • atidāruṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    atidāruṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    atidāruṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “droṇasya ca mahārāja sṛñ;jayānāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ
  • droṇasya -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sṛñjayānām -
  • sṛñjaya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarvaśaḥ -
  • sarvaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.129.18

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.129.18 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸಮಭವದ್ಯುದ್ಧಂ ಸಂಧ್ಯಾಯಾಮತಿದಾರುಣಮ್ ।
ದ್ರೋಣಸ್ಯ ಚ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಸೃಞ್ಜಯಾನಾಂ ಚ ಸರ್ವಶಃ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.129.18 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ সমভবদ্যুদ্ধং সংধ্যাযামতিদারুণম্ ।
দ্রোণস্য চ মহারাজ সৃঞ্জযানাং চ সর্বশঃ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.129.18 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સમભવદ્યુદ્ધં સંધ્યાયામતિદારુણમ્ ।
દ્રોણસ્ય ચ મહારાજ સૃઞ્જયાનાં ચ સર્વશઃ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.129.18 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സമഭവദ്യുദ്ധം സംധ്യായാമതിദാരുണമ് ।
ദ്രോണസ്യ ച മഹാരാജ സൃഞ്ജയാനാം ച സര്വശഃ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.129.18 in Telugu sript:
తతః సమభవద్యుద్ధం సంధ్యాయామతిదారుణమ్ ।
ద్రోణస్య చ మహారాజ సృఞ్జయానాం చ సర్వశః ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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