Atidaruna, Atidāruṇa: 8 definitions


Atidaruna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Atidaruna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Atidāruṇa (अतिदारुण) refers to “terrible”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Then all those gods and sages consulted one another and in their great fright they came to my world and approached me in a piteous plight. [...] Coming to a definite conclusion with adequate thought as to the reason for the same, I went where the demon was performing penance in order to grant him the boon. O sage, I told him thus—‘Tell me what boon you want. A severe penance has been performed by you. There is nothing which cannot be granted to you’. On hearing these words of mine, Tāraka, the great demon, bowed and eulogised me and requested for a terrible [i.e., atidāruṇa] boon”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of atidaruna in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Atidaruna in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Atidāruṇa (अतिदारुण) refers to “extremely dreadful (mantrapadas)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Bhagavān taught the Heart-Mantra to Vajrapāṇi]: “Immediately after the Bhagavān had uttered this spell, the destroyer of all Nāgas and all malefactors and calamities, all the great Nāgas got headaches, their bodies became putrid, stinking and foul-smelling (pūtikakāya). They fell at the feet of the Bhagavān and said, “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful (atidāruṇa) mantrapadas have been uttered. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of atidaruna in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atidaruna in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

atidāruṇa : (adj.) horrible; very cruel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Atidāruṇa, (adj.) (Sk. atidāruṇa, ati + dāruṇa) very cruel, extremely fierce Pv III, 73. (Page 19)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of atidaruna in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atidaruna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atidāruṇa (अतिदारुण).—and

Atidāruṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ati and dāruṇa (दारुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atidāruṇa (अतिदारुण).—[adjective] too hard or cruel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atidāruṇa (अतिदारुण):—[=ati-dāruṇa] [from ati] mfn. very terrible.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atidaruna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of atidaruna in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: