Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.89.23

न च योधोऽभवत्कश्चिन्मम सैन्ये तु संजय ।
अल्पदानभृतस्तात न कुप्यभृतको नरः ॥ २३ ॥

na ca yodho'bhavatkaścinmama sainye tu saṃjaya |
alpadānabhṛtastāta na kupyabhṛtako naraḥ || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...weapons and battling from cars, as also in fighting from the backs of elephants. O monarch! Thorough masters of the science of weapons, they are accomplished in fighting with their...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.89.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yodha, Kah, Cit, Asmad, Sainya, Sanjaya, Alpa, Dana, Bhrit, Bhrita, Tata, Kupya, Bhritaka, Nara, Nri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.89.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na ca yodho'bhavatkaścinmama sainye tu saṃjaya
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yodho' -
  • yodha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhavat -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cin -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • sainye -
  • sainya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sainya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sainyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sañjaya -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “alpadānabhṛtastāta na kupyabhṛtako naraḥ
  • alpa -
  • alpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dāna -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhṛtas -
  • bhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • tāta -
  • tāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kupya -
  • kupya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kupya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kup -> kupya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kup]
    kup -> kupya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kup class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kup class 10 verb]
    kup -> kupya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kup class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kup class 10 verb]
    kup (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhṛtako* -
  • bhṛtaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.89.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.89.23 in Kannada sript:
ನ ಚ ಯೋಧೋಽಭವತ್ಕಶ್ಚಿನ್ಮಮ ಸೈನ್ಯೇ ತು ಸಂಜಯ ।
ಅಲ್ಪದಾನಭೃತಸ್ತಾತ ನ ಕುಪ್ಯಭೃತಕೋ ನರಃ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.89.23 in Bengali sript:
ন চ যোধোঽভবত্কশ্চিন্মম সৈন্যে তু সংজয ।
অল্পদানভৃতস্তাত ন কুপ্যভৃতকো নরঃ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.89.23 in Gujarati sript:
ન ચ યોધોઽભવત્કશ્ચિન્મમ સૈન્યે તુ સંજય ।
અલ્પદાનભૃતસ્તાત ન કુપ્યભૃતકો નરઃ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.89.23 in Malayalam sript:
ന ച യോധോഽഭവത്കശ്ചിന്മമ സൈന്യേ തു സംജയ ।
അല്പദാനഭൃതസ്താത ന കുപ്യഭൃതകോ നരഃ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 7.89.23 in Telugu sript:
న చ యోధోఽభవత్కశ్చిన్మమ సైన్యే తు సంజయ ।
అల్పదానభృతస్తాత న కుప్యభృతకో నరః ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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