Yodha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Yodha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Yodha (योध) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If Mercury should be so eclipsed, men living between the Ganges and the Yamunā, on the banks of the Sarayū and in the country of Nepāla, those living about the east sea and on the banks of the Śoṇa will suffer and women, princes, soldier boys [i.e., yodha-kumāra] and men of letters will perish”.

2) Yodha (योध) refers to “suffering” or “destruction”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Jyeṣṭhā, the king’s chaplain, the king’s favorites, valient soldiers and mixed crowds of men of different castes will suffer; if through Mūla, the people of Benares, of Kośala and of Pāñcāla, fruits, medicinal plants and soldiers will suffer [i.e., auṣadhī-yodha]. If his course should lie through the constellation of Pūrvāṣādha, the people of Aṅga, of Vaṅga, of Kośala, of Girivraja, of Magadha, of Puṇḍra, of Mithilā and of Tāmralipta will suffer miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Yodha (योध) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Mahābhārata 10.8.64–68.—Accordingly, “Good sir, they saw her, Kālarātri, standing, smiling, alone, blue-black in hue, with red mouth and eyes, garlands and unguents of crimson, red robes, a noose in one hand, a peacock feather [in her hair], binding men, horses and elephants with her horrifying fetters while she stood, capturing many headless ghosts trapped in her noose, leading those asleep in their dreams to other Nights. And at all times the best soldiers (yodha-mukhya) saw the son of Droṇa slaughtering. From the time when the battle between the Kuru and Pāṇḍava armies began, they saw [both] that evil spirit and the son of Droṇa. The son of Droṇa later felled those who had first been struck by this divinity [Kālarātri], terrorizing all creatures while shouting out ferocious bellows”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yodha : (m.) a soldier.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yodha, (cp. Vedic yodha; fr. yudh) a warrior, soldier, fighter, champion Vin. I, 73 (yodhā yuddh’âbhinandino ... pabbajjaṃ yāciṃsu); J. I, 180; Miln. 293.

—ājīva one who lives by battle or war, a soldier S. IV, 308=A. III, 94; A. I, 284; II, 170, 202; III, 89 sq. (five kinds); Sn. 617, 652; Pug. 65, 69.—hatthin a war elephant DhA. I, 168. (Page 559)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yodha (योध).—[yudh-ac]

1) A warrior, soldier, combatant; सहास्मदीयैरपि योधमुख्यैः (sahāsmadīyairapi yodhamukhyaiḥ) Mb.; वसन्तयोधः समुपागतः प्रिये (vasantayodhaḥ samupāgataḥ priye) Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.1; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.26.

2) War, battle.

Derivable forms: yodhaḥ (योधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yodha (योध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) A warrior, a soldier, a combatant. E. yudh to fight, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yodha (योध).—i. e. yudh + a, m. A warrior, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 97.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yodha (योध).—[masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yodha (योध):—[from yudh] a See p. 858, col. 2.

2) b m. ([according to] to [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi ii, 26], also n.) a fighter, warrior, soldier, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with vṛṣaḥ, a bull trained or fit for war, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

3) battle, war (See durand mitho-y)

4) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

5) [plural] the third astrological mansion,[Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yodha (योध):—(dhaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yodha (योध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Joha, Johā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yodha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yōdha (ಯೋಧ):—[noun] a man serving in an army; member of an army; a soldier.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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