Yodha: 15 definitions
Yodha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
1) Yodha (योध) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If Mercury should be so eclipsed, men living between the Ganges and the Yamunā, on the banks of the Sarayū and in the country of Nepāla, those living about the east sea and on the banks of the Śoṇa will suffer and women, princes, soldier boys [i.e., yodha-kumāra] and men of letters will perish”.
2) Yodha (योध) refers to “suffering” or “destruction”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Jyeṣṭhā, the king’s chaplain, the king’s favorites, valient soldiers and mixed crowds of men of different castes will suffer; if through Mūla, the people of Benares, of Kośala and of Pāñcāla, fruits, medicinal plants and soldiers will suffer [i.e., auṣadhī-yodha]. If his course should lie through the constellation of Pūrvāṣādha, the people of Aṅga, of Vaṅga, of Kośala, of Girivraja, of Magadha, of Puṇḍra, of Mithilā and of Tāmralipta will suffer miseries”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Yodha (योध) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Mahābhārata 10.8.64–68.—Accordingly, “Good sir, they saw her, Kālarātri, standing, smiling, alone, blue-black in hue, with red mouth and eyes, garlands and unguents of crimson, red robes, a noose in one hand, a peacock feather [in her hair], binding men, horses and elephants with her horrifying fetters while she stood, capturing many headless ghosts trapped in her noose, leading those asleep in their dreams to other Nights. And at all times the best soldiers (yodha-mukhya) saw the son of Droṇa slaughtering. From the time when the battle between the Kuru and Pāṇḍava armies began, they saw [both] that evil spirit and the son of Droṇa. The son of Droṇa later felled those who had first been struck by this divinity [Kālarātri], terrorizing all creatures while shouting out ferocious bellows”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Yodha (योध) refers to “warriors”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the state of being difficult to attain (duṣprāpyatvam) by warriors (yodhaiḥ)]—The jewel of enlightenment is not easily obtained again for men in the ocean of life like a jewel of great value that has fallen from the hand into a great ocean”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
yodha : (m.) a soldier.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Yodha, (cp. Vedic yodha; fr. yudh) a warrior, soldier, fighter, champion Vin. I, 73 (yodhā yuddh’âbhinandino ... pabbajjaṃ yāciṃsu); J. I, 180; Miln. 293.
—ājīva one who lives by battle or war, a soldier S. IV, 308=A. III, 94; A. I, 284; II, 170, 202; III, 89 sq. (five kinds); Sn. 617, 652; Pug. 65, 69.—hatthin a war elephant DhA. I, 168. (Page 559)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A warrior, soldier, combatant; सहास्मदीयैरपि योधमुख्यैः (sahāsmadīyairapi yodhamukhyaiḥ) Mb.; वसन्तयोधः समुपागतः प्रिये (vasantayodhaḥ samupāgataḥ priye) Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.1; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.26.
2) War, battle.
Derivable forms: yodhaḥ (योधः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhaḥ) A warrior, a soldier, a combatant. E. yudh to fight, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yodha (योध).—i. e. yudh + a, m. A warrior, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 97.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yodha (योध).—[masculine] = [preceding]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Yodha (योध):—[from yudh] a See p. 858, col. 2.
2) b m. ([according to] to [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi ii, 26], also n.) a fighter, warrior, soldier, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with vṛṣaḥ, a bull trained or fit for war, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])
3) battle, war (See durand mitho-y)
4) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]
5) [plural] the third astrological mansion,[Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yodha (योध):—(dhaḥ) 1. m. Idem.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Yōdha (ಯೋಧ):—[noun] a man serving in an army; member of an army; a soldier.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Yodha Sutta, Yodha Vagga, Yodhadharma, Yodhagara, Yodhahara, Yodhajiva, Yodhajiva Sutta, Yodhajiva Vagga, Yodhaka, Yodhakumara, Yodhamukhya, Yodhana, Yodhanapuratirtha, Yodhanipura, Yodhaniya, Yodhasamrava, Yodhavira, Yodhayana, Yodhayat.
Ends with (+12): Adhiyodha, Adhyodha, Anyodha, Ayodha, Bahuyodha, Bharyodha, Bharyyodha, Bhiruyodha, Duryodha, Dviyodha, Dyodha, Gajayodha, Hatasarvayodha, Mithoyodha, Pariyodha, Patiyodha, Payodha, Prasahyodha, Pratiyodha, Puroyodha.
Full-text (+57): Joha, Yodhamukhya, Yodhasamrava, Yodhavira, Yodhaka, Yodhahara, Bahuyodha, Yodhagara, Vasantayodha, Viyodha, Pratiyodha, Yaudha, Duryodha, Puroyodha, Mithoyodha, Sarayodha, Yodhadharma, Adhiyodha, Hatasarvayodha, Yodhin.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Yodha, Yodhā, Yōdha; (plurals include: Yodhas, Yodhās, Yōdhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 6.26.4 < [Sukta 26]
Rig Veda 3.39.4 < [Sukta 39]
Rig Veda 7.31.6 < [Sukta 31]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verses 11.26-27 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 11.32 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 11.34 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
7(b): Portrait of Different Classes Projected in Painting < [Chapter 5 - Painting and Image Making]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)