Bhrita, Bhṛta: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Bhrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhṛta can be transliterated into English as Bhrta or Bhrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhṛta (भृत) refers to “servants”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj and Pūrvabhādra, physicians, poets, drunkards or those that deal in liquor, tradesmen and ministers, will be afflicted with miseries; if it should lie through the constellation of Uttarabhādra, dancers, travellers, women and gold will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through Revatī, the servants of the reigning sovereigns [i.e., rāja-bhṛta], the people of Krauñcadvīpa, the crops of Śarat, barbarians and the Yavanas will suffer”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Bhṛta (भृत) means “to fill”, according to Hemavijaya Gaṇin’s Kathāratnākara (A.D. 1600).—Accordingly, “The Brāhmaṇa, who is especially well-versed in the whole range of astral science, wore a forehead mark made of saffron and rice-grains—{The round vessel is made of ten palas of copper. In the ghaṭikā [bowl] the height should be made of six aṅgulas. The diameter there should be made to the measure of twelve aṅgulas. The good cherish a water clock that holds sixty palas of water}—dropped the bowl, made fully according to the aforementioned prescriptions, in a basin filled with clean water [i.e., svaccha-nīra-bhṛta] at the time of the setting of the divine sun”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhṛta (भृत) refers to “(being) filled” (with smells), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In this world, fool, how could the body, which is covered in a mass of skin, a skeleton of bones, excessively filled [com.bhṛta] with the smells of a stinking corpse, sitting in the mouth of Yama, the abode of the serpent-lord of disease, be for the pleasure of men? [Thus ends the reflection on] impurity”.

Synonyms: Pūrita.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhṛta.—(LP), loaded. (IE 8-8), cf. bhāṇḍa-bhṛta-vahitra, ‘a wagonful of pots or jars’. See bharaka. Cf. a-bhṛta-prāvesya for a-bhaṭa-prāveśya, bhṛta being used for bhaṭa in the sense of a Pāik, Barkandāz or Piāda. Note: bhṛta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhṛta (भृत).—p. p. [bhṛ-kta]

1) Borne.

2) Supported, maintained, cherished, fostered.

3) Possessed, endowed or furnished with.

4) Full of, filled with.

5) Hired; नानुग्रहभृतः कश्चित् (nānugrahabhṛtaḥ kaścit) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.15.22.

-taḥ A hired servant; hireling, mercenary; कालातिक्रमणे ह्येव भक्तवेतनयोर्मृताः (kālātikramaṇe hyeva bhaktavetanayormṛtāḥ) Rām.2.1.33; उत्तमस्त्वायुधीयो यो मध्यमस्तु कृषीवलः । अधमो भारवाही स्यादित्येवं त्रिविधो भृतः (uttamastvāyudhīyo yo madhyamastu kṛṣīvalaḥ | adhamo bhāravāhī syādityevaṃ trividho bhṛtaḥ) Mītā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛta (भृत).—[adjective] borne, held, kept, supported, nourished, hired, paid; acquired, won, loaden or filled with (—°); [masculine] hireling, mercenary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhṛta (भृत):—[from bhṛ] a mfn. borne, carried etc. (See [preceding])

2) [v.s. ...] gained, acquired, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) filled, full of [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] hired, paid (as a servant), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (bhakta-venayor bhṛtaḥ, ‘one who receives board and wages’; cf. kṣīra-bh)

5) [v.s. ...] m. a hireling, hired servant or labourer, mercenary, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) b bhṛtya etc. See p.764.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛta (भृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Hired; maintained; filled; possessed of. m. Servant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhṛta (भृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bharia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhṛta (ಭೃತ):—

1) [adjective] protected; guarded; saved.

2) [adjective] bearing; carrying.

3) [adjective] gained; acquired.

4) [adjective] filled; full of.

5) [adjective] hired; paid (as a servant).

--- OR ---

Bhṛta (ಭೃತ):—

1) [noun] a man appointed for menial or domestic work; a servant a mercenary.

2) [noun] that which is significant, meaningful.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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