Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 12.29.20

दुःखाद् यदि तवोद्वेगः सुकृतं तत् समाचर ।
कथं तु नारकं दुःखम् आत्मत्यागेन वाञ्छसि ॥ २० ॥

duḥkhād yadi tavodvegaḥ sukṛtaṃ tat samācara |
kathaṃ tu nārakaṃ duḥkham ātmatyāgena vāñchasi || 20 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.29.20 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.29.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Duhkha, Yadi, Yad, Yushmad, Udvega, Sukrit, Sukrita, Tat, Tad, Samacara, Katham, Katha, Naraka, Duhkham, Atmatyaga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.29.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “duḥkhād yadi tavodvegaḥ sukṛtaṃ tat samācara
  • duḥkhād -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tavo -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • udvegaḥ -
  • udvega (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sukṛtam -
  • sukṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sukṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • samācara -
  • samācara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samācara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kathaṃ tu nārakaṃ duḥkham ātmatyāgena vāñchasi
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • nārakam -
  • nāraka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nāraka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ātmatyāgena -
  • ātmatyāga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • vāñchasi -
  • vāñch (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.29.20

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

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Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

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Preview of verse 12.29.20 in Bengali sript:
দুঃখাদ্ যদি তবোদ্বেগঃ সুকৃতং তত্ সমাচর ।
কথং তু নারকং দুঃখম্ আত্মত্যাগেন বাঞ্ছসি ॥ ২০ ॥

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