Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

आलस्यं स्त्री-सेवा स-रोगता जन्म-भूमि-वात्सल्यम् ।
सन्तोषो भीरुत्वं षड् व्याघाता महत्त्वस्य ॥ ५ ॥

ālasyaṃ strī-sevā sa-rogatā janma-bhūmi-vātsalyam |
santoṣo bhīrutvaṃ ṣaḍ vyāghātā mahattvasya || 5 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 2.5 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Alasya, Stri, Seva, Roga, Tas, Janma, Janman, Bhumi, Vatsalya, Santosha, Bhirutva, Shat, Shash, Vyaghata, Mahattva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 2.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ālasyaṃ strī-sevā sa-rogatā janma-bhūmi-vātsalyam
  • ālasyam -
  • ālasya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ālasya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ālasyā (noun, feminine)
  • strī -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • sevā -
  • sevā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • roga -
  • roga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • janma -
  • janma (indeclinable)
    janma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    janman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhūmi -
  • bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūmī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhūmī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhūmī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vātsalyam -
  • vātsalya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “santoṣo bhīrutvaṃ ṣaḍ vyāghātā mahattvasya
  • santoṣo* -
  • santoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhīrutvam -
  • bhīrutva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ṣaḍ -
  • ṣaṭ (indeclinable)
    ṣaṣ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ṣaṣ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vyāghātā* -
  • vyāghāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mahattvasya -
  • mahattva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 2.5

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.5 in Gujarati sript:
આલસ્યં સ્ત્રી-સેવા સ-રોગતા જન્મ-ભૂમિ-વાત્સલ્યમ્ ।
સન્તોષો ભીરુત્વં ષડ્ વ્યાઘાતા મહત્ત્વસ્ય ॥ ૫ ॥

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