by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919
This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...
तं वा एतं देवा आत्मानमुपासते तस्मात्तेषां सर्वे च लोका आत्ताः सर्वे च कामाः स सर्वांश्च लोकानाप्नोति सर्वांश्च कामान्यस्तमात्मानमनुविद्य विजानातीति ह प्र्जापतिरुवाच प्रजापतिरुवाच ॥ ८.१२.६ ॥
॥ इति द्वादशः खण्डः ॥
taṃ vā etaṃ devā ātmānamupāsate tasmātteṣāṃ sarve ca lokā āttāḥ sarve ca kāmāḥ sa sarvāṃśca lokānāpnoti sarvāṃśca kāmānyastamātmānamanuvidya vijānātīti ha prjāpatiruvāca prajāpatiruvāca || 8.12.6 ||
|| iti dvādaśaḥ khaṇḍaḥ ||
5. Then, it is the Self which knows ‘I am thinking this.’ The mind is its divine eye. The Self, now free, enjoys seeing everything it wants to see in Brahmaloka through its divine mental eye.
Atha, next; yaḥ veda, that which knows; idam manvāni iti, I am thinking this; saḥ ātmā, that is the Self; manaḥ asya daivam cakṣuḥ, the mind is its divine eye; saḥ vai eṣaḥ, that [Self]; etena daivena cakṣuṣā manasā, with the help of the divine mental eye; etān kāmān paśyan ramate, enjoys seeing the things it likes; yaḥ ete brahmaloke, those which are in Brahmaloka.
Next comes the mind. The mind is the principal organ. The Self works through the mind, and by means of the mind it works through the eyes, ears, and other organs.
You may remember the example given in the Kaṭha Upaniṣad: The Self is the master of the chariot, the mind is the charioteer, and the organs are the horses. The mind is directly responsible for keeping the organs under control.
The mind is called here the daivam cakṣuḥ, the divine eye, because the Self sees through the mind. The mind is extraordinary. One who is firmly established in Self-knowledge can enjoy whatever he wants mentally. And for such a person everything is Brahman and every place is Brahmaloka.