Kathopanishad, Katha Upanishad, Kaṭhopaniṣad, Katha-upanishad: 6 definitions



Kathopanishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kaṭhopaniṣad can be transliterated into English as Kathopanisad or Kathopanishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kathopanishad in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्).—See under NACIKETAS.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kathopanishad in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Katha Upanishad (Kāṭhaka), also titled "Death as Teacher", is one of the mukhya ("primary") Upanishads commented upon by Shankara and Madhva. It contains passages that suggest contact with Buddhist ideas, so was likely composed after the fifth century BCE. It consists of two chapters (adhyāyas), each divided into three sections (vallis) that contain between 15 and 29 verses (ślokas) apiece. The Katha has some passages in common with the Gita. According to modern scholars, it propounds a dualistic philosophy. Katha may be the most widely known amongst all the Upanishads.

Content: The Upanishad uses as its base the story of Vajashravasa (वाजश्रवसः), which was first mentioned in the Rigveda (10. 135), and also in the Taittiriya Brahmana (3.1.8), and later the Mahabharata (Anusasana Parva 106).

Source: VedaRahasya: Hinduism

This Upanishad forms part of the Kata Shaaka (branch) of Krishna Yajur Veda. Hence, it is called as the Kato-Upanishad. The subject dealt in this Upanishad viz., the Naciketa Upaagyaana also finds place in the Taittriya Braahmana.

This Upanishad consists of two main parts divided further into six chapters. In the first chapter, one finds the story and history of Naciketas and the boons he requested from Yama, the Lord of Death; the second chapter mentions the characteristics required of a liberation aspirant and about the path to liberation; the third chapter contains the relation between the Jivatma and the Paramatma and the manner in which the Jiva can overcome death successfully; the fourth, fifth and sixth chapters reinstate the contents of the earlier chapters in a much authoritative way and also relate about re-birth, the way in which a Yogi should leave his body behind etc.,

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kathopanishad in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्).—Name of an Upaniṣad (generally said to belong to atharvaveda).

Kaṭhopaniṣad is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kaṭha and upaniṣad (उपनिषद्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—atharvavallyupaniṣad = kaṭhopaniṣad[atharvavallyupaniṣad] Bhr. 10. Np. V, 154.

2) Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्):—Āndhra. Io. 3183.

3) Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्):—Io. 269. 810. 1095 A. 1454. 1686. 1726. 1878. 3182. W. p. 8. Oxf. 385^a. 394^b. Khn. 14. K. 14. B. 1, 56. Report. I. Ben. 70. 73. 74. 86. Tu7b. 6. Haug. 44. Rādh. 3 (and—[commentary]). Oudh. Iv, 3. Ix, 2. Burnell. 30^a. Bhk. 6. Bhr. 10. 487. Poona. 30. 72. Oppert. 7173. 7873. Ii, 1612. 1860. 2463. 3115. 7942. 8484. 8725. 10299. 10300. Rice. 6. Peters. 3, 388.
—[commentary] Oppert. 3598. 7875. 7876. Ii, 3606. 4504.
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarācārya. Io. 790. 1364. 1454. 1457. W. p. 85. Oxf. 365^b. 395^b. Paris. (D 59 b). Khn. 14. K. 14. Kh. 58. B. 1, 58. 60. Ben. 69. Bik. 94. Tu7b. 6. Oudh. Ix, 2. Burnell. 30^a. Bhr. 227. Poona. 30. Oppert. Ii, 2464. 5171. 7077. 9907. Rice. 50.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Oxf. 385^a. B. 1, 58. Ben. 85. Oudh. Ix, 2. Xiii, 18. Xiv, 12. Tu7b. 6. Poona. 547.
—[sub-commentary] by Bālagopāla Yogīndra or Gopālayogin. W. p. 85. Oxf. 365^b. L. 721. B. 1, 58. Np. Iii, 88. 118.
—[commentary] by Ānadatīrtha. Np. Iii, 120. L. 1373. Burnell. 99^b. Rice. 50.
—[sub-commentary] by Vedeśa. Rice. 60.
—[sub-commentary] Padārthakaumudī by Vyāsatīrtha. Oxf. 385^a. Burnell. 99^b. Oppert. 3602. Ii, 6056. Rice. 50.
—[commentary] by Dāmodarācārya. Oudh. Ix, 4.
—[commentary] by Bālakṛṣṇānanda. Io. 810.
—[commentary] by Bhāsurānanda. NW. 310.
—[commentary] Kaṭhavallyupaniṣatprakāśikāby Raṅgarāmānuja. Oudh. Xiv, 32.
—[commentary] by Rāghavendra. Oxf. 385^a. Oudh. Ix, 8.
—[commentary] Dīpikā. B. 1, 60. Oppert. 7874.
—by Nārāyaṇa. Bhr. 233.
—by Śaṅkarānanda. Io. 1878. Np. Ii, 106. Iii, 120. Sb. 373. Kaṭhavallyupaniṣadāloka by Vijñānabhikṣu. L. 1812.

Kaṭhopaniṣad has the following synonyms: Kāṭhakopaniṣad, Kaṭhavallyupaniṣad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhopaniṣad (कठोपनिषद्):—[from kaṭha] f. Name of an Upaniṣad (generally said to belong to the Atharva-veda, but in some [manuscripts] and books ascribed to the Black Yajur-veda, probably because the story of Naciketas occurs also in [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa iii, 1, 8])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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