Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.57

कर्तव्यतैव संसारो न तां पश्यन्ति सूरयः ।
शून्याकारा निराकारा निर्विकारा निरामयाः ॥ ५७ ॥

kartavyataiva saṃsāro na tāṃ paśyanti sūrayaḥ |
śūnyākārā nirākārā nirvikārā nirāmayāḥ || 57 ||

It is the sense of responsibility which is samsara. The wise who are of the form of emptiness, formless, unchanging and spotless see no such thing.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kartavyata, Samsara, Pashyanti, Pashyat, Suri, Shunya, Akara, Nirakara, Nirvikara, Niramaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kartavyataiva saṃsāro na tāṃ paśyanti sūrayaḥ
  • kartavyatai -
  • kartavyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • saṃsāro* -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • paśyanti -
  • paśyantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sūrayaḥ -
  • sūri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “śūnyākārā nirākārā nirvikārā nirāmayāḥ
  • śūnyā -
  • śūnya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śūnya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śūnyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • akārā* -
  • akāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nirākārā* -
  • nirākāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nirākārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nirvikārā* -
  • nirvikāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nirvikārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nirāmayāḥ -
  • nirāmaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nirāmayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.57

Cover of edition (1994)

Ashtavakra Gita (song of Ashtavakra)
by John Richards (1994)

Or the Song of Ashtavakra, Ashtavakra Samhita

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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