Nirvikara, Nirvikāra, Nir-vikara: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Nirvikara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirvikar.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Nirvikāra (निर्विकार):—Devoid of pathogenecity; the quality of self which is devoid of all bodily and psychological ailments.

2) Unchangeable, uniform. A specific property of Ātmā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to “unchanging”, representing an aspect of Mahādeva, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The Great God—Mahādeva—is beyond Śakti, supreme bliss, free of qualities and supports, unchanging [i.e., nirvikāra], supreme, pure, free of cause and (without) example, present within all existing things, beyond the Void, free of defects, omnipresent, the doer of all things, free, full of nectar and, unconditioned, is present in all living beings. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to “(remaining) unaffected”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Pārvatī: “I am destroying the Prakṛti with my great penance. I remain in reality without Prakṛti. Indeed Prakṛti should not be taken in by good people. They should remain unaffected [i.e., nirvikāra] eschewing all worldly conduct”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to an “immutable person”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa also, different kinds of eyes and their particular shapes are elaborately discussed in the context of Painting. The eyes of nirvikāra i.e., immutable person should be in the shape of the petals of blue lotus. The eyes in the shape of the petals of blue lotus are more charming when the corners of the eyes are shown as red in colour and when these are adorned with long eyelashes and black pupils.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to “that which has no change”, and is used to describe Samādhi and Paratattva (highest reality), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise which deals absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—The Amanaska referred to (or qualified) Samādhi with several terms, which are all negative; [e.g., it has no change (nirvikāra);] [...] The fact that such terminology is found in the Amanaska indicates that descriptions of Śiva and the void-like meditative states in Mantramargic Śaivism, were the basis of the descriptions of Samādhi and Paratattva (the highest reality) in this treatise. The Amanaska Yoga was consistent with the Pātañjala Yogaśāstra’s definition of Yoga, yet it described Samādhi in terms different to those of Pātañjalayoga; such as Nirvikāra—“that which has no change”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to “(one whose body is) changeless”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (7) When the whole assembly regard the body of the Victorious One, his form and distinguishing marks (rūpa-nimitta) appear as different (bhinna), though incomparable (atulya), and even not part of any particular group (asabhāga). Even though his body is changeless (nirvikāra), beyond thought-constructions (nirvikalpa), and without distinguishing marks (animitta), he gladdens the assemblies in accordance with their particular way of thinking and their intentions (yathācittāśaya)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) refers to “(that which is) unchanging”, according to the thirty-third chapter of the Saṃvarodayatantra: a Buddhist explanatory Tantra of the Cakrasaṃvara cycle.—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind meditation: “[...] Free from meditation and concentration and beyond [both] Yoga and reasoning, he leads people to absorption in ‘suchness’, when the mind becomes steady in awareness. Its form is like the sky, the dwelling place of the ether and like a pure crystal and gem, [it is] without beginning or end, unelaborated, beyond the senses, unchanging (nirvikāra), without appearance, completely void, free of ills, the light of the world, the destruction of the bonds of existence, inexpressible by words and even beyond the sphere of the mind”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—a (S) That is without change or variableness. 2 Of unchanged or unaltered form or quality. 3 fig. Unruffled or unmoved--the mind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—a That is without change or variableness. Of unchanged form, unmoved.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—a.

1) unchanged, unchangeable, immutable.

2) not disposed; तौ स्थास्यतस्ते नृपती निदेशे परस्परावग्रहनिर्विकारौ (tau sthāsyataste nṛpatī nideśe parasparāvagrahanirvikārau) M.5.14.

3) disinterested; तरुविटपलतानां बान्धवो निर्विकारः (taruviṭapalatānāṃ bāndhavo nirvikāraḥ) Ṛtusaṃhāra 2.28.

-raḥ the Supreme deity.

Nirvikāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and vikāra (विकार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Unchanged, unaltered, uniform. E. nir neg. vikāra change of form or state.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—adj. unchanged, Mahābhārata 13, 2318. Romavikāra, i. e.

Nirvikāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and vikāra (विकार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार).—[adjective] unchanged, immutable, firm; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार):—[=nir-vikāra] [from nir > niḥ] mfn. unchanged, unchangeable, uniform, normal, [Mahābhārata] (also -vat), [Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार):—[nir-vikāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Unchanged.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivviāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvikara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirvikāra (निर्विकार) [Also spelled nirvikar]:—(a) immutable, invariable; passionless; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirvikāra (ನಿರ್ವಿಕಾರ):—[adjective] never changing or varying; immutable.

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Nirvikāra (ನಿರ್ವಿಕಾರ):—[noun] he who is immutable; the Supreme Being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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