Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 4.2

यत्पदं प्रेप्सवो दीनाः शक्राद्याः सर्वदेवताः ।
अहो तत्र स्थितो योगी न हर्षमुपगच्छति ॥ २ ॥

yatpadaṃ prepsavo dīnāḥ śakrādyāḥ sarvadevatāḥ |
aho tatra sthito yogī na harṣamupagacchati || 2 ||

Truly the yogi feels no excitement even at being established in that state which all the Devas from Indra down yearn for disconsolately.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Pada, Prepsu, Dina, Shakra, Sarvadevata, Ahu, Tatra, Sthita, Yogin, Yogi, Harsha, Upa, Gacchat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 4.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “yatpadaṃ prepsavo dīnāḥ śakrādyāḥ sarvadevatāḥ
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • padam -
  • pada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • prepsavo* -
  • prepsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prepsu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • dīnāḥ -
  • dīna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dīnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śakrād -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • yāḥ -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarvadevatāḥ -
  • sarvadevata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sarvadevatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line2: “aho tatra sthito yogī na harṣamupagacchati
  • aho -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sthito* -
  • sthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
  • yogī -
  • yogī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yogī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    yogin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • harṣam -
  • harṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    harṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    harṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • gacchati -
  • gacchat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 4.2

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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