Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 4.3

तज्ज्ञस्य पुण्यपापाभ्यां स्पर्शो ह्यन्तर्न जायते ।
न ह्याकाशस्य धूमेन दृश्यमानाऽपि संगतिः ॥ ३ ॥

tajjñasya puṇyapāpābhyāṃ sparśo hyantarna jāyate |
na hyākāśasya dhūmena dṛśyamānā'pi saṃgatiḥ || 3 ||

He who has known That is untouched within by good deeds or bad, just as the sky is not touched by smoke, however much it may appear to be.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tajjna, Punya, Papa, Sparsha, Antar, Jayat, Akasha, Dhuma, Api, Sangati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 4.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “tajjñasya puṇyapāpābhyāṃ sparśo hyantarna jāyate
  • tajjñasya -
  • tajjña (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tajjña (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • puṇya -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇ -> puṇya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √puṇ]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • pāpābhyām -
  • pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    pāpā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • sparśo* -
  • sparśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • antar -
  • antar (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    antar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • Line2: “na hyākāśasya dhūmena dṛśyamānā'pi saṃgatiḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hyā -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ākāśasya -
  • ākāśa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ākāśa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • dhūmena -
  • dhūma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • dṛśyamānā' -
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • saṅgatiḥ -
  • saṅgati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 4.3

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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