Yajana, Yājana: 12 definitions

Introduction

Yajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Yajana (यजन) is defined as a synonym for Yajña (sacrifice) according to the commentary of the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., yajana], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Yajana (यजन) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yajana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Yajana (यजन) is a Sanskrit word referring to the duty of a brāhmaṇa to perform Vedic rituals.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yajana : (nt.) the act of sacrificing; distribution of alms.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yājana, (nt)=yāja; Vism. 224: see yācayoga. (Page 552)

— or —

Yajana, (nt.) (late formation fr. yaj, yajati, for the earlier yañña) the act of sacrificing J. III, 518; VI, 133; Cp. I. 72; Vism. 224; PvA. 135. (Page 547)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yajana (यजन).—n S Sacrificing (in and for one's own person): in contrad. from yājana. 2 Offering or making oblation (of any subject).

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yājana (याजन).—n S Conducting or officiating at a sacrifice for another, or procuring of a sacrifice for one's self.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yajana (यजन).—n Sacrificing; making oblation.

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yājana (याजन).—n Officiating at a sacrifice for another.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—[yaj-lyuṭ]

1) The act of sacrificing.

2) A sacrifice; देवयजनसंभवे देवि सीते (devayajanasaṃbhave devi sīte) U.4.

3) A place of sacrifice; उत्पत्तिर्देवयजनाद् ब्रह्मवादी नृपः पिता (utpattirdevayajanād brahmavādī nṛpaḥ pitā) |.

Derivable forms: yajanam (यजनम्).

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Yājana (याजन).—[yaj ṇic-lyuṭ] The act of performing or conducting a sacrifice; अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा । दानं प्रतिग्रहं चैव ब्राह्मणानामकल्पयत् (adhyāpanamadhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ yājanaṃ tathā | dānaṃ pratigrahaṃ caiva brāhmaṇānāmakalpayat) || Ms.1.88;3.65.

Derivable forms: yājanam (याजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Offering sacrifices, performing worship. E. yaj to worship, lyuṭ aff.

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Yājana (याजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Conducting a sacrifice or causing its performance. E. yaj to worship, causal form, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—[yaj + ana], n. 1. Sacrificing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 88. 2. Worshipping.

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Yājana (याजन).—i. e. yaj, [Causal.], + ana, n. Conducting a sacrifice, sacrificing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 65.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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