Yajana, Yājana: 22 definitions


Yajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yajan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Yajana (यजन) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yajana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Yajana (यजन) is defined as a synonym for Yajña (sacrifice) according to the commentary of the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., yajana], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yajana (यजन) or Yāga refers to “pantheon worship”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—The inner and outer find their fullest integration in the performance of yāga or yajana, “pantheon worship,” the paradigmatic mode of ritual whose limitless possibilities for inflection account for much of the Brahmayāmala’s bulk. Yet the principle of their unity applies widely, extending to all of the various practices encompassed by the terms kriyā and karman, including fire ritual, rites of installation, initiation, durational observances, rites using deity images or two-dimensional diagrams, and so forth. [...]

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Yajana (यजन) refers to a “sacrifice”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.106cd-109]—“The [Mantrin] is to perform the lustration in order to secure prosperity of the king and in the kingdom when the king is touched by the power of death, when [the king], his sons, or his country are marked by signs of death, etc., when Brahmins [and others] are [in danger] in all directions [i.e., in the capital and elsewhere], with the danger of loss of rice crops, grain, fruit, roots and water, and in times of famine, disease and great calamities. After sacrificing (yajanapūrvavad yajanaṃ kṛtvā) as before, the [Mantrin] should perform the water pot consecration”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Yajana (यजन) refers to a “sacrifice”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly: “[...]  (So now) after that (has taken place), O venerable Kujā, I am ready to practice the sacrifice (yajana-vidha) of the sequence of the Wheel of Bliss. You were present next (to me) on the plane of the practice of the Rule (as the virgin) Kumārī who is the first form (of emanation). (Now unite with me). [...]”.

2) Yajana (यजन) refers to the “performance (of a sacrifice)” (i.e., makhayajanaratā—“one intent on performing a sacrifice”), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Yajana (यजन) is a Sanskrit word referring to the duty of a brāhmaṇa to perform Vedic rituals.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Yajana in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus racemosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Covellia glomerata (Roxburgh) Miquel (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Numer. List (4549)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1946)
· London Journal of Botany (1848)
· Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (1798)
· Biotropica (2006)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Yajana, for example side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yajana : (nt.) the act of sacrificing; distribution of alms.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yājana, (nt)=yāja; Vism. 224: see yācayoga. (Page 552)

— or —

Yajana, (nt.) (late formation fr. yaj, yajati, for the earlier yañña) the act of sacrificing J. III, 518; VI, 133; Cp. I. 72; Vism. 224; PvA. 135. (Page 547)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yajana (यजन).—n S Sacrificing (in and for one's own person): in contrad. from yājana. 2 Offering or making oblation (of any subject).

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yājana (याजन).—n S Conducting or officiating at a sacrifice for another, or procuring of a sacrifice for one's self.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yajana (यजन).—n Sacrificing; making oblation.

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yājana (याजन).—n Officiating at a sacrifice for another.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—[yaj-lyuṭ]

1) The act of sacrificing.

2) A sacrifice; देवयजनसंभवे देवि सीते (devayajanasaṃbhave devi sīte) Uttararāmacarita 4.

3) A place of sacrifice; उत्पत्तिर्देवयजनाद् ब्रह्मवादी नृपः पिता (utpattirdevayajanād brahmavādī nṛpaḥ pitā) |.

Derivable forms: yajanam (यजनम्).

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Yājana (याजन).—[yaj ṇic-lyuṭ] The act of performing or conducting a sacrifice; अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा । दानं प्रतिग्रहं चैव ब्राह्मणानामकल्पयत् (adhyāpanamadhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ yājanaṃ tathā | dānaṃ pratigrahaṃ caiva brāhmaṇānāmakalpayat) || Manusmṛti 1.88;3.65.

Derivable forms: yājanam (याजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Offering sacrifices, performing worship. E. yaj to worship, lyuṭ aff.

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Yājana (याजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Conducting a sacrifice or causing its performance. E. yaj to worship, causal form, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—[yaj + ana], n. 1. Sacrificing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 88. 2. Worshipping.

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Yājana (याजन).—i. e. yaj, [Causal.], + ana, n. Conducting a sacrifice, sacrificing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajana (यजन).—[neuter] sacrificing or a place of sacrifice.

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Yājana (याजन).—[neuter] performance of a sacrifice for ([genetive] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajana (यजन):—[from yaj] n. the act of sacrificing or worshipping, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (tava yajanāya, to worship thee, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] a place of sacrifice, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]

4) Yājana (याजन):—[from yāj] n. ([from] [Causal]) sacrificing for others, the act of performing a sacrifice for ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajana (यजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Sacrificing.

2) Yājana (याजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Conducting a sacrifice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yajana (यजन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jayaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yajana (यजन) [Also spelled yajan]:—(nm) the act or process of performing a sacrifice ([yajña]).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yajana (ಯಜನ):—

1) [noun] a religious sacrifice.

2) [noun] a conducting of a religious sacrifie.

3) [noun] the act of worshipping a deity.

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Yājana (ಯಾಜನ):—

1) [noun] performance of a religious sacrifice.

2) [noun] a religious service to a deity; worship.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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