Yajamana, Yajamāna, Yājamāna: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yajamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yajamāna (यजमान).—The man who installs a new image, becomes part of the deity; the presiding deity is Ugra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 265. 38, 41.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Yājamāna (याजमान) refers to a category of Mantras, as mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“One should know that with the beginning of a following mantra, the former mantra is finished. In the case of Hotrā and Yājamāna-mantras, an aggregation takes place. In the case of the Yājyās and Anuvākyās this (the aggregation) is optional. It is the same with numbers”.

Hotrās are mantras recited by the Hotṛ-priest. Yājamānās are mantras recited by the sacrificer himself. They are hymns which accompany, but do not enjoin any sacrificial act.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yajamāna : (pr.p. of yajati) sacrificing.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yajamāna (यजमान).—m (S) A person performing a sacrifice; strictly, a person instituting or ordering a sacrifice, and defraying its charges. 2 fig. A patron, a host, a protector or a master in general. 3 A compellation by the wife for her husband.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yajamāna (यजमान).—m A sacrificer. A host, a master. A husband.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—a. [yaj-śānac] Sacrificing, worshipping.

-naḥ 1 A person who performs a regular sacrifice and pays its expenses; जगाम यज्वा यजमानलोकम् (jagāma yajvā yajamānalokam) R.18.12; ततः प्रविशति कुशानादाय यजमानशिष्यः (tataḥ praviśati kuśānādāya yajamānaśiṣyaḥ) Ś.

2) A person who employs a priest or priests to sacrifice for him.

3) (Hence) A host, patron, rich man.

4) The head of a family.

5) The head of a tribe.

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Yājamāna (याजमान).—That part of a sacrifice which is performed by the Yajamāna himself.

Derivable forms: yājamānam (याजमानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Worshipping. m.

(-naḥ) 1. An employer of priests at sacrifice, the person who institutes its performance, and pays the expence of it. 2. A patron, a host. E. yaj to worship, śānac aff. of the present participle, with mak augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—[masculine] a person who institutes or performs a sacrifice and pays the expenses of it; also sacrificer, Brahman i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yājamāna (याजमान) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. L. 1337.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajamāna (यजमान):—[from yaj] mfn. sacrificing, worshipping etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. the person paying the cost of a sacrifice, the institutor of a s° (who to perform it employs a priest or priests, who are often hereditary functionaries in a family), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (f(ī). the wife of a Y°, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] m. any patron, host, rich man, head of a family or tribe, [Pañcatantra]

4) Yājamāna (याजमान):—[from yāj] n. ([from] yajamāna) the part of a sacrificial ceremony performed by its institutor, [???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Sacrificing, employing priests to sacrifice.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yajamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान) [Also spelled yajman]:—(nm) one who performs a [yajña]; client of a priest or of attendants (who do their chores on auspicious occasions or rituals. They are offered gratification, in cash or kind, for performance of rituals, sacrifice etc.).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yajamāna (ಯಜಮಾನ):—

1) [noun] the man who performs a religious sacrifice.

2) [noun] a priest or worshipper of a deity.

3) [noun] a man who maintains a house; the chief of a family; a house-holder.

4) [noun] a land owner; the proprietor of a factory, business firm, company, etc.

5) [noun] a man as related to a woman whom he is married to; a husband.

6) [noun] an aged and respectable man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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