Yajamana, Yajamāna, Yājamāna: 20 definitions


Yajamana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yajamāna (यजमान).—The man who installs a new image, becomes part of the deity; the presiding deity is Ugra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 265. 38, 41.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Yājamāna (याजमान) refers to a category of Mantras, as mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“One should know that with the beginning of a following mantra, the former mantra is finished. In the case of Hotrā and Yājamāna-mantras, an aggregation takes place. In the case of the Yājyās and Anuvākyās this (the aggregation) is optional. It is the same with numbers”.

Hotrās are mantras recited by the Hotṛ-priest. Yājamānās are mantras recited by the sacrificer himself. They are hymns which accompany, but do not enjoin any sacrificial act.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Yajamāna (यजमान) refers to a “sacrifice”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The man who offers the sacrifice (yajamāna) along with his wife, the teacher and a sculptor goes at an auspicious time with elephants, horses, and chariots to the dwellings, temples, and doors taking (with them) some things (as an offering), which bestow what is auspicious. They do this with the sounds of conches, trumpets and the like, with the sound of singing and dancing while reciting auspicious hymns and (giving their) blessings with auspicious gifts. [...] Then (after having made offerings in the directions) one should install the Liṅga and worship the teacher vigorously”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Yajamāna (यजमान) refers to the “persons performing sacrificial rites”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Mṛgaśīrṣa, the people of Vatsa, the officiating priests in sacrificial rites as well as the persons that perform them [i.e., yajamāna], revered men and the people of Madhyadeśa will suffer miseries; if through Ārdrā, the people of Pārata, of Ramaṭha, oil-mongers, washermen and thieves will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Punarvasu, the Pāñcālas, the border Mlecchas and the people of Saurāṣṭra, of Sindh and of Sauvīraka will suffer miseries; if his course should lie through the constellation of Puṣya, bell ringers, criers, the Yavanas tradesmen, deceitful men and flowers will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yajamāna (यजमान) refers to the “patron of the sacrifice”, according to the Mattavilāsaprahasana.—Accordingly, as the Kāpālika cries out: “My darling, look. This pub (surāpa) resembles the Vedic sacrificial ground. For its signpost resembles the sacrificial pillar; in this case alcohol is the Soma, drunkards are the sacrificial priests, the wine glasses are the special cups for drinking Soma, the roasted meat and other appetizers are the fire oblations, the drunken babblings are the sacrificial formulae, the songs are the Sāman-hymns, the pitchers are the sacrificial ladles, thirst is the fire and the owner of the pub (surāpaṇa-adhipati) is the patron of the sacrifice (yajamāna)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Yajamāna (यजमान) refers to the “donor”, according to Kuladatta’s Kriyāsaṃgrahapañjikā, a text within Tantric Buddhism representing a construction manual for monasteries.—Accordingly, [nimittokti section of chapter 3]—“If someone, either the Tantric officiant, a craftsman [involved in the rite], the donor (yajamāna) or his officials scratches his head [in the site for a monastery etc.], then there is an extraneous thing [that causes a calamity at a depth of] the full height of a man underground”.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Yajamāna (यजमान) refers to the “(beneficent) patron” [i.e., dānapati yajamānasya amuka], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yajamāna : (pr.p. of yajati) sacrificing.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yajamāna (यजमान).—m (S) A person performing a sacrifice; strictly, a person instituting or ordering a sacrifice, and defraying its charges. 2 fig. A patron, a host, a protector or a master in general. 3 A compellation by the wife for her husband.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yajamāna (यजमान).—m A sacrificer. A host, a master. A husband.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—a. [yaj-śānac] Sacrificing, worshipping.

-naḥ 1 A person who performs a regular sacrifice and pays its expenses; जगाम यज्वा यजमानलोकम् (jagāma yajvā yajamānalokam) R.18.12; ततः प्रविशति कुशानादाय यजमानशिष्यः (tataḥ praviśati kuśānādāya yajamānaśiṣyaḥ) Ś.

2) A person who employs a priest or priests to sacrifice for him.

3) (Hence) A host, patron, rich man.

4) The head of a family.

5) The head of a tribe.

--- OR ---

Yājamāna (याजमान).—That part of a sacrifice which is performed by the Yajamāna himself.

Derivable forms: yājamānam (याजमानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Worshipping. m.

(-naḥ) 1. An employer of priests at sacrifice, the person who institutes its performance, and pays the expence of it. 2. A patron, a host. E. yaj to worship, śānac aff. of the present participle, with mak augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान).—[masculine] a person who institutes or performs a sacrifice and pays the expenses of it; also sacrificer, Brahman i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yājamāna (याजमान) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. L. 1337.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajamāna (यजमान):—[from yaj] mfn. sacrificing, worshipping etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. the person paying the cost of a sacrifice, the institutor of a s° (who to perform it employs a priest or priests, who are often hereditary functionaries in a family), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (f(ī). the wife of a Y°, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] m. any patron, host, rich man, head of a family or tribe, [Pañcatantra]

4) Yājamāna (याजमान):—[from yāj] n. ([from] yajamāna) the part of a sacrificial ceremony performed by its institutor, [???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Sacrificing, employing priests to sacrifice.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yajamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yajamana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yajamāna (यजमान) [Also spelled yajman]:—(nm) one who performs a [yajña]; client of a priest or of attendants (who do their chores on auspicious occasions or rituals. They are offered gratification, in cash or kind, for performance of rituals, sacrifice etc.).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yajamāna (ಯಜಮಾನ):—

1) [noun] the man who performs a religious sacrifice.

2) [noun] a priest or worshipper of a deity.

3) [noun] a man who maintains a house; the chief of a family; a house-holder.

4) [noun] a land owner; the proprietor of a factory, business firm, company, etc.

5) [noun] a man as related to a woman whom he is married to; a husband.

6) [noun] an aged and respectable man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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