Samyamani, Saṃyamanī, Sāṃyamani: 6 definitions



Samyamani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyamani in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃyamanī (संयमनी) or Saṃyaminī refers to the “abode of Yama”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.18.—Accordingly:—“[...] by the favour of Śiva (viz., śivānugraha) or by the power of accumulated merit, the son of Yajñadatta could not partake of the offerings of eatables made to Lord Śiva. The terrible soldiers of Yama [viz., Yamagaṇas] who desired to take him to Saṃyamani (Saṃyamanī, the abode of Yama), approached him with nooses and clubs in their hands and bound him. In the meantime the attendants of Śiva [viz., Śivagaṇas] with tridents in their hands and tinkling anklets on their arms reached the spot in an aerial chariot in order to take him to Śivaloka”.

Note: Saṃyaminī or Saṃyamanī, the city of Yama is fabled to be situated on Mount Meru.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sāṃyamani (सांयमनि).—Another name of Śala, son of Somadatta. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 61, Verse 11)

2) Saṃyamanī (संयमनी).—The name of Yama’s Capital city. (See under Amarāvatī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṃyamanī (संयमनी).—The city of Yama, south of Meru;1 reached by Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma to recover the dead son of Sāndīpani;2 visited by Arjuna to recover the dead child of Dvārakā Brāhmaṇa.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 21. 7; VI. 3. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21: 31; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 88.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 9; Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 45. 42-46.
  • 3) Ib. X. 89. 43.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyamani in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Saṃyamanī (संयमनी) refers to the city of Yama, situated on the southern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Saṃyamanī is also known by the name Vivasvat, Vaivasvatī or Vivasvatī and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyamani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃyamanī (संयमनी).—Divyāvadāna 60.15 (aśītivarṣasahasrāyuṣāṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ Śaṅkho nāma rājā bhaviṣyati) °nī-cakravartī (so text, as [compound], with capital S-, but Index °manin, ruler) caturantavijetā dhārmiko dharmarājā…May not °manī- cakravartin mean emperor of (residing in) Saṃyamanī (Yama's city)?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃyamanī (संयमनी):—[=saṃ-yamanī] [from saṃ-yamana > saṃ-yama > saṃ-yam] f. Name of the city or residence of Yama (fabled to be situated on Mount Meru), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Sāṃyamani (सांयमनि):—[from sāṃyamana] m. ([from] idem) [patronymic] of Śala, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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