Visheshana, Viśeṣana, Visesana: 16 definitions



Visheshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viśeṣana can be transliterated into English as Visesana or Visheshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Viśeṣana (विशेषन, “recognition”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Natya Shastra

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण, “distinction”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of viśeṣaṇa: When after mentioning many well-known great objects something is said to distinguish a thing from them, it is an instance of Distinction (viśeṣaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (V) next»] — Visheshana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—Adjective; a qualifying word which generally agrees with the substantive in number, gender and case-ending.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—Attribute; adjective; any word which qualifies another; hence, subordinate; cf. विशेषणानां चाजातेः । जातिर्यद्विशेषणम्, आहोस्वित् जातेर्यानि विशेषणानि । (viśeṣaṇānāṃ cājāteḥ | jātiryadviśeṣaṇam, āhosvit jāteryāni viśeṣaṇāni |) M.Bh. on P.I.2.52.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Visheshana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

visesana : (nt.) distinction; attribute; an adjective.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Visesana, (nt.) (fr. viseseti) distinguishing, distinction, qualification, attribute Vv 1610; J. III, 11; VI, 63; SnA 181, 365, 399; VvA. 13.—Instr. avisesena (adv.) without distinction, at all events, anyhow PvA. 116. (Page 641)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Visheshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśēṣaṇa (विशेषण).—n S In grammar. A word that distinguishes or marks; an attribute, an epithet, an adjective. 2 An affirmation or a declaration concerning any subject, a predicate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viśēṣaṇa (विशेषण).—n An adjective. A predicate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Visheshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—a.

1) Attributive.

2) Distinctive; सूक्ष्मं विशेषणं तेषामवेक्षेच्छास्त्रचक्षुषा (sūkṣmaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ teṣāmavekṣecchāstracakṣuṣā) Mb.12.217.28.

-ṇam 1 Distinguishing, discrimination, particularization; भावनं ब्रह्मणः स्थानं धारणं सद्विशेषणम् (bhāvanaṃ brahmaṇaḥ sthānaṃ dhāraṇaṃ sadviśeṣaṇam) Bhāg.3.26.46.

2) Distinction, difference; स्वानुभूत्या तिरोभूतमायागुणविशेषणम् (svānubhūtyā tirobhūtamāyāguṇaviśeṣaṇam) Bhāg.3.33.25.

3) A word which particularizes, qualifies, or defines another, an adjective, attribute, epithet (opp. viśeṣya); भक्षयतिश्च नञ्विशेषणम् (bhakṣayatiśca nañviśeṣaṇam) ŚB. on MS.6.2.19; उपपन्नमिदं विशेषणं वायोः (upapannamidaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ vāyoḥ) V.3; विशेषणैर्यत् साकूतैरुक्तिः परिकरस्तु सः (viśeṣaṇairyat sākūtairuktiḥ parikarastu saḥ) K. P.1. (viśeṣaṇa is said to be of three kinds vyāvartaka, vidheya, and hetugarbha).

4) A distinguishing feature or mark.

5) Species, kind.

6) Surpassing, excelling; अस्य काव्यस्य कवयो न समर्था विशेषणे (asya kāvyasya kavayo na samarthā viśeṣaṇe) Mb.1.1.73; पराक्रमेऽन्योन्य- विशेषणेन (parākrame'nyonya- viśeṣaṇena) Ki.17.32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—m. (recorded only as nt.), distinction, distinguishing trait: (yasmāc ca jāter na) viśeṣaṇo 'sti tasmān na vai varṇacatuṣka eva Divyāvadāna 630.11 (verse, printed as prose; °ṣaṇam asti would be unmetrical(ly)), and since there is no distinction of birth, therefore the four castes simply do not exist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Discriminative, attributive. 2. Distinctive, (as a property, &c.) n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Distinguishing, discriminating. 2. An epithet, an attributive, an adjective, (opposed to viśeṣya.) E. vi before śiṣ to distinguish by attributes, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—i. e. vi-śiṣ + ana, I. adj. 1. Discriminative. 2. Distinctive. Ii. n. 1. Distinguishing, discriminating. 2. An attribute, epithet, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 20, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—[adjective] & [neuter] distinguishing, specializing; [neuter] also doing better, surpassing; kind, species; the specializing word i.e. attribute, adjective, adverb, or predicate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण):—[=vi-śeṣaṇa] [from vi-śiṣ] mfn. distinguishing, discriminative, specifying, qualifying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] distinctive (as a property), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] n. the act of distinguishing etc., distinction, discrimination, particularization, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a distinguishing mark or attribute, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) ‘differencer’, a word which particularizes or defines (another word which is called vi-śeṣya q.v.), attribute, adjective, adverb, apposition, predicate, [Pāṇini; Tarkasaṃgraha; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a species, kind, [Mahābhārata vii, 1124]

7) [v.s. ...] surpassing, excelling, [ib. i, 73]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) = viśeṣokti, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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