Visheshana, Viśeṣana, Visesana: 16 definitions
Visheshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Viśeṣana can be transliterated into English as Visesana or Visheshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Viśeṣana (विशेषन, “recognition”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण, “distinction”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of viśeṣaṇa: When after mentioning many well-known great objects something is said to distinguish a thing from them, it is an instance of Distinction (viśeṣaṇa).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—Adjective; a qualifying word which generally agrees with the substantive in number, gender and case-ending.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—Attribute; adjective; any word which qualifies another; hence, subordinate; cf. विशेषणानां चाजातेः । जातिर्यद्विशेषणम्, आहोस्वित् जातेर्यानि विशेषणानि । (viśeṣaṇānāṃ cājāteḥ | jātiryadviśeṣaṇam, āhosvit jāteryāni viśeṣaṇāni |) M.Bh. on P.I.2.52.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
visesana : (nt.) distinction; attribute; an adjective.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Visesana, (nt.) (fr. viseseti) distinguishing, distinction, qualification, attribute Vv 1610; J. III, 11; VI, 63; SnA 181, 365, 399; VvA. 13.—Instr. avisesena (adv.) without distinction, at all events, anyhow PvA. 116. (Page 641)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
viśēṣaṇa (विशेषण).—n S In grammar. A word that distinguishes or marks; an attribute, an epithet, an adjective. 2 An affirmation or a declaration concerning any subject, a predicate.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
viśēṣaṇa (विशेषण).—n An adjective. A predicate.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
2) Distinctive; सूक्ष्मं विशेषणं तेषामवेक्षेच्छास्त्रचक्षुषा (sūkṣmaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ teṣāmavekṣecchāstracakṣuṣā) Mb.12.217.28.
-ṇam 1 Distinguishing, discrimination, particularization; भावनं ब्रह्मणः स्थानं धारणं सद्विशेषणम् (bhāvanaṃ brahmaṇaḥ sthānaṃ dhāraṇaṃ sadviśeṣaṇam) Bhāg.3.26.46.
2) Distinction, difference; स्वानुभूत्या तिरोभूतमायागुणविशेषणम् (svānubhūtyā tirobhūtamāyāguṇaviśeṣaṇam) Bhāg.3.33.25.
3) A word which particularizes, qualifies, or defines another, an adjective, attribute, epithet (opp. viśeṣya); भक्षयतिश्च नञ्विशेषणम् (bhakṣayatiśca nañviśeṣaṇam) ŚB. on MS.6.2.19; उपपन्नमिदं विशेषणं वायोः (upapannamidaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ vāyoḥ) V.3; विशेषणैर्यत् साकूतैरुक्तिः परिकरस्तु सः (viśeṣaṇairyat sākūtairuktiḥ parikarastu saḥ) K. P.1. (viśeṣaṇa is said to be of three kinds vyāvartaka, vidheya, and hetugarbha).
4) A distinguishing feature or mark.
5) Species, kind.
6) Surpassing, excelling; अस्य काव्यस्य कवयो न समर्था विशेषणे (asya kāvyasya kavayo na samarthā viśeṣaṇe) Mb.1.1.73; पराक्रमेऽन्योन्य- विशेषणेन (parākrame'nyonya- viśeṣaṇena) Ki.17.32.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—m. (recorded only as nt.), distinction, distinguishing trait: (yasmāc ca jāter na) viśeṣaṇo 'sti tasmān na vai varṇacatuṣka eva Divyāvadāna 630.11 (verse, printed as prose; °ṣaṇam asti would be unmetrical(ly)), and since there is no distinction of birth, therefore the four castes simply do not exist.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Discriminative, attributive. 2. Distinctive, (as a property, &c.) n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Distinguishing, discriminating. 2. An epithet, an attributive, an adjective, (opposed to viśeṣya.) E. vi before śiṣ to distinguish by attributes, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—i. e. vi-śiṣ + ana, I. adj. 1. Discriminative. 2. Distinctive. Ii. n. 1. Distinguishing, discriminating. 2. An attribute, epithet, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 20, 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण).—[adjective] & [neuter] distinguishing, specializing; [neuter] also doing better, surpassing; kind, species; the specializing word i.e. attribute, adjective, adverb, or predicate.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viśeṣaṇa (विशेषण):—[=vi-śeṣaṇa] [from vi-śiṣ] mfn. distinguishing, discriminative, specifying, qualifying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] distinctive (as a property), [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] n. the act of distinguishing etc., distinction, discrimination, particularization, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] a distinguishing mark or attribute, [Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) ‘differencer’, a word which particularizes or defines (another word which is called vi-śeṣya q.v.), attribute, adjective, adverb, apposition, predicate, [Pāṇini; Tarkasaṃgraha; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] a species, kind, [Mahābhārata vii, 1124]
7) [v.s. ...] surpassing, excelling, [ib. i, 73]
8) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) = viśeṣokti, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Visheshanadvayavaiyarthya, Visheshanajnanavadartha, Visheshanakhandana, Visheshanama, Visheshanamatraprayoga, Visheshanapada, Visheshanasamasa, Visheshanasheshaniya, Visheshanasiddha, Visheshanata, Visheshanatasambandha, Visheshanati, Visheshanatrayavaiyarthya, Visheshanatva, Visheshanavant, Visheshanavarga, Visheshanavat, Visheshanavisheshyabhava, Visheshanavisheshyata, Visheshanavishishtajnanahetuhetumadbhavanirupana.
Ends with: Arthavisheshana, Avisheshana, Evamvisheshana, Gunavisheshana, Kimvisheshana, Kramasankhyavacakavisheshana, Kriyavisheshana, Lingavisheshana, Nirvisheshana, Prativisheshana, Sakriyavisheshana, Sankhyavisheshana, Savisheshana, Shabdavisheshana, Vidhivisheshana, Vihitavisheshana.
Full-text (+14): Savisheshana, Nirvisheshana, Visheshanatasambandha, Visheshanapada, Visheshanata, Visheshanavisheshyabhava, Visheshya, Visheshanatrayavaiyarthya, Shabdavisheshana, Visheshanakhandana, Kriyavisheshana, Visheshanajnanavadartha, Arthavisheshana, Visheshanavarga, Visheshanadvayavaiyarthya, Visheshanatva, Visheshanavat, Visheshanavisheshyata, Visheshanasheshaniya, Visheshanamatraprayoga.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Visheshana, Viśeṣana, Visesana, Viśeṣaṇa, Viśēṣaṇa, Vi-sheshana, Vi-śeṣaṇa, Vi-sesana; (plurals include: Visheshanas, Viśeṣanas, Visesanas, Viśeṣaṇas, Viśēṣaṇas, sheshanas, śeṣaṇas, sesanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Siddhanta Sangraha of Sri Sailacharya (by E. Sowmya Narayanan)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1238 < [Chapter 17 - Examination of the Definition of Sense-perception]
Verse 47-48 < [Chapter 2 - Examination of the Doctrine of God (theism)]
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma-Sūtra 1.1.2 < [Adhikaraṇa 2 - Sūtra 2]
Brahma-Sūtra 1.2.23 < [Adhikaraṇa 6 - Sūtras 22-24]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.9 (correct conclusion, end) < [Adhikaraṇa 2 - Sūtras 6-9]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 10 - Ajñāna established by Perception and Inference < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 14 - The Origin of Knowledge (Pramāṇa) < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 19 - Negation in Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]