Vikarin, Vikārin, Vikari: 18 definitions


Vikarin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vikāri (विकारि) refers to the thirty-third of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of the seventh yuga are—1. Hemalamba, 2. Vilambi, 3. Vikāri, 4. Śarvarī and 5. Plava. In the first of these years crops will generally be injured and there will be storm and rain; in the second year crops will not grow in abundance and the rainfall will not be much; in the third year mankind will be afflicted with fears and there will be much rain; in the fourth year there will be famine; in Plava, the fifth year, there will be prosperity in the land and also much rain”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Vikāri (विकारि) refers to the thirty-third saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘vikari’ is extremely stubborn (obstinate), skilled or experienced in all the arts, has a tendency to collect things, a restless mind, is deceitful or cunning, has the habit of speaking too much and without purpose and does not have belief in his friends.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year vikari (2019-2020 AD) will be sickly, cowardly, indigent, irresolute and of an ignoble nature.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Vikāri (विकारि) is the thirty-third of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Vikāri], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vikārin (विकारिन्) (Cf. Vikāriṇī) refers to “having employed (an enchanting spell)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.41 (“Description of the Altar-Structure”).—Accordingly, as Nārada said to Indra and others: “[...] I have been fascinated by my shining portrait. Viṣṇu, Brahmā and Indra have been realistically portrayed by him. O lord of gods, why should I talk too much? He has made artificial prototypes of all the gods. No one, not a single detail, has been left out. It is for the purpose of particularly enchanting the gods that this spell has been employed by him through this caricature (parihāsa-vikāriṇīcitramayī parihāsavikāriṇī)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikarin in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vikari : (aor. of vikaroti) undid; altered.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Vikārī (विकारी).—a (vikāra) Sick, ill, afflicted with some disease or mental disturbance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Vikārī (विकारी).—a Sick, ill.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikārin (विकारिन्).—a.

1) Liable to change, susceptible of emotions or impressions; भ्रमति भुवने कन्दर्पाज्ञा विकारि च यौवनम् (bhramati bhuvane kandarpājñā vikāri ca yauvanam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.17.

2) Changing, modifying.

3) Spoiling, corrupting.

4) Affected by love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikarin (विकरिन्).—f. -ṇī (in [compound] with meaning of vikaraṇa, viki- raṇa, qq.v.), dispelling: mohatamas-timira-°ṇī (prajñā- pāramitā) Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 170.16, dispelling the gloom of the darkness of delusion; vv.ll. °vikaraṇī, °vikiraṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikārin (विकारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Producing a change. 2. Undergoing a change. E. vi before, kṛ to make, ṇini aff.; or vikāra, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikārin (विकारिन्).—i. e. vi-kṛ + in and vikāra, + in, adj. 1. Producing a change, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 98 (spoiling). 2. Undergoing a change, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 111, 17; falling in love, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 11, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikārin (विकारिन्).—[adjective] producing or undergoing a change etc.; changing into (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikārin (विकारिन्):—[=vi-kārin] [from vi-kāra > vi-kṛ] mfn. liable to change, changeable, variable, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] undergoing a change, changed into ([compound]), [Bhagavad-gītā]

3) [v.s. ...] feeling emotion, falling in love, [Mālatīmādhava]

4) [v.s. ...] inconstant, disloyal, rebellious (See a-v)

5) [v.s. ...] altered or changed for the worse, spoiled, corrupted, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] producing a change for the worse, corrupting (the mind), [Hitopadeśa]

7) [v.s. ...] m. n. the 33rd year in Jupiter’s cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikārin (विकारिन्):—[vi-kārin] (rī-riṇī-ri) a. Changing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikārin (विकारिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vikāriṇa, Vigāri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vikarin in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikarin in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vikārī (विकारी):—(a) variable, changeable (for the worse); perverse; oblique; —[rūpa] oblique form.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikāri (ವಿಕಾರಿ):—

1) [adjective] turned from what is right; wicked; misguided; distorted; perverted.

2) [adjective] affected with or caused by perversion; perverted.

3) [adjective] (psych.) changed to or being of an unnatural or abnormal kind; perverted.

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Vikāri (ವಿಕಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] a wicked, misguided person.

2) [noun] a man affected by perversion of mind.

3) [noun] (psych.) a person whose behaviour is unnatural or abnormal; a perverted person.

4) [noun] the thirty third year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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