Vidyunmali, Vidyunmālī: 4 definitions



Vidyunmali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidyunmali in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of the eight principal ministers of Mahiṣāsura, an asura chieftain from the city Mahiṣa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 93. All of these ministers were learned, valiant and just.

2) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—A son of Tārakāsura. He was one of the Tripuras. (For details see under Tripura).

2) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—A mighty and brave Rākṣasa who was a friend of Rāvaṇa. After the death of Rāvaṇa, this asura, who lived in the Pātāla (underworld) stole away the sacrificial horse of Śrī Rāma to avenge the death of Rāvaṇa. Śatrughna killed Vidyunmālī and redeemed the sacrificial horse. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of Bhaṇḍa's eight councillors.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 12.

1b) The Asura of great penance who took a glorious part in the Tārakāmaya war;1 on the side of Maya; he received a deadly wound from Nandi and fell dead; restored to life by Maya with the medicinal waters of the tank;2 his battle with Nandi and death.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 129. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 131. 22.
  • 3) Ib. 136. 16 f; 138. 47; 140. 18-36.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vidyunmāli (विद्युन्मालि) refers to one of the three sons of the demon Tāraka, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa in two chapters 34 and 35 relates the Tripuradhana myth thus:—“[...] The demon Tāraka who was killed by Kārttikeya had three sons namely Vidyunmāli, Tārakākṣa and Kamalāksa. These powerful demons propitiated Brahmā with their formidable penance. They received the boon that they would not be killed by the Devas and the Asuras. [...] Then the demons consulting each other prayed Brahmā to grant the boon of establishing three cities and live there roaming in the three worlds. [...] Then Maya, the architect, created three cities, the iron one in the earth for Vidyunmāli, the silver one in the midair for Tārakākṣa and the other of gold in the heaven for Kamalāksa”.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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