Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Upāli-Pentads (Division 3: Speaking)

Prv.17.3.1 Vin.5.185 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir should a monk not speak in an Order?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk should not speak in an Order.[1] Of what five? If he does not know an offence, if he does not know the origin of an offence, if he does not know the means (used) for an offence,[2] if he does not know the removal of an offence, if he is not skilled in discriminating an offence. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, he should not speak in an Order.

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he knows an offence … if he is skilled in discriminating an offence. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, he may speak in an Order.

Prv.17.3.2 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a monk should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know a legal question[3] … the origin of a legal question … the means (used) for a legal question[4] … the removal of a legal question, if he is not skilled in discriminating a legal question. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he knows a legal question … if he is skilled in discriminating a legal question. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.3.3 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a monk BD.6.299 should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he is a teacher who uses force, if he is a teacher who has not obtained leave, if he is one who reproves not according to Dhamma, not according to Discipline, not according to the offence, if he is one who carries out not according to Dhamma, not according to Discipline, not according to the offence, if he is an expounder not according to right view. If he is possessed of these five qualities … If he is possessed of five qualities … Of what five? If he is a teacher who does not use force … if he is an expounder according to right view. If a monk …

Prv.17.3.4 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … Of what five? If he does not know what is and what is not an offence, if he does not know a slight and a serious offence, if he does not know an offence that can be done away with and one that cannot be done away with, if he does not know what is and what is not a very bad offence, if he does not know an offence for which amends are made and one for which amends are not made.[5] If he is …

If he is possessed of five qualities … Of what five? If he knows what is and what is not an offence … If he is …

Prv.17.3.5 And if … Upāli, he should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know a formal act, if he-does not know the carrying out of a (formal) act, if he does not know the matter for a (formal) act,[6] if he does not know the procedure for a (formal) act, if he does not know the removal of a (formal) act. If he is …

Vin.5.186 If he is possessed … may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he knows a (formal) act … If he is …

Prv.17.3.6 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know the matter, if he does not know the source, if he does not know the laying down, if he does not know the order of words (in a sentence),[7] if he does not know the sequence of the connecting words. If he is possessed of these …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he knows the matter … If he is …

Prv.17.3.7 BD.6.300 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course through partiality, if he follows a wrong course through hatred if he follows a wrong course through confusion, if he follows a wrong course through fear, and if he is unconscientious. If he is …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course through partiality … and if he is conscientious. If he is …

Prv.17.3.8 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course through partiality … hatred … confusion … fear, and if he is unskilled in the Vinaya.[8] If he is …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course through partiality … and if he is skilled in the Vinaya. If he is …

Prv.17.3.9 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know the motion, if he does not know the carrying out of the motion, if he does not know the proclamation of the motion,[9] if he does not know the deciding of the motion,[10] if he does not know the removal of the motion.[11] If he is …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may speak in an Order. Of what five? If he knows the motion … the removal of the motion. If he is …

Prv.17.3.10 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know the clauses,[12] if he does not know what is in conformity with the clauses,[13] if he does not know Vinaya,[14] if he does not know what is in conformity with Vinaya,[15] and if he is not skilled in what is and what is not causal occasion. If he is possessed …

BD.6.301 If he is possessed of five … Of what five? If he knows the clauses … and if he is skilled in what is and what is not causal occasion. If he is …

Prv.17.3.11 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not speak in an Order. Of what five? If he does not know Dhamma,[16] if he does not know what is in conformity with Dhamma, if he does not know Vinaya,[17] if he does not know what is in conformity with Vinaya,[18] and if he is not skilled in what precedes and what follows.[19] If he is possessed …

If he is possessed of five … Of what five? If he knows Dhamma … and if he is skilled in what precedes and what follows. Vin.5.187 If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk may speak in an Order.”

The Third Division: on Speaking

Its Summary

Offence, legal question,
using force, knowing an offence,
(Formal) act, subject,
and unconscientious, motions,
He does not know the clauses, (nor) Dhamma:
the Compendium of the Third Division.

Footnotes and references:

1.

Cf. the different three qualities in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

2.

Bodily or verbal, Vin-a.1372.

3.

Either that it is connected with the 18 matters causing a schism, or with the 4 fallings away, or with the 5 or 7 classes of offence, or with the 4 towards an Order: Vin-a.1373.

4.

Either that it has 12 means (payoga) as roots (or bases), or 14 or 6 or one.

5.

For words in this paragraph, see Prv.7.1; see also Prv.17.7.4.

7.

Text reads padapacchābhaṭṭhaṃ, and Vin-a.1373, more correctly -paccā-. Commentary explains that when buddho bhagavā should be said he says bhagavā buddho.

8.

Vin-a.1373: if he is unskilled in the Pali Vinaya and the Commentary.

9.

Vin-a.1374: whether it is to be made once or three times.

10.

Vin-a.1374, instances four of the decidings.

11.

Vin-a.1374: he does not know which legal question is stopped by the fourfold deciding of the motion.

12.

sutta, Cf. Vin.5.158; explained at Vin-a.1374 (also Vin-a.1360) as ubhatovibhaṅga.

13.

suttānuloma. Vin-a.1374 (also Vin-a.1360) says: if he does not know the four principal authorities, mahāpadesa.

14.

Here called by Vin-a.1374 the Khandhakas and the Parivāra.

15.

The Commentary again says the four principal authorities.

16.

Leaving aside the Vinayapiṭaka, the two remaining Piṭakas.

17.

Again called the Khandhakas and Parivāra at Vin-a.1374.

18.

Vin-a.1374 again says the four principal authorities, and adds: The two Vibhaṅgas are not included here, so that when the Kurundiya says “he does not know the whole of the Vinaya-piṭaka”, that should not be accepted.

19.

Referring to the order of syllables and words. Cf. AN.iii.201.

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