Vadana, Vādana, Vadāna: 24 definitions


Vadana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vadan.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Vadana (वदन, “face”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips, teeth, tongue, chin, face [viz., Vadana], and the head.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Vadana (वदन) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Vadana has 16 mātrās in each of their four lines, whose line has 1 ṣaṇmātra, 2 caturmātras and 1 dvimātra in order.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vadana (वदन):—[vadanaṃ] Mouth

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vadana (वदन) refers to the “face”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 4.35.9-14.—Accordingly, “I see none who is her equal in the very powerful Vidyāpīṭha. She causes the women of the gods to melt (with passion). She is the deluding one even amongst the gods. One should worship her, Kṛśodarī, in the middle of (the Yoni which is) the lotus of the triangle. She is beautifully thin. She has one face (eka-vadanā) and three eyes (that burn) like fire. She is fierce and holds a noose and goad and there are five arrows in her upraised hands. ‘Delusion’, ‘desiccation’, ‘melting’, ‘wetting’ and ‘arousal’—these are the five arrows she should hold in (her) hand. One should think about the powerful Nityā Kālī, the wealth of the universe (in this way)”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Vadana (वदन) refers to the “face”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] She is elegantly seated on a lofty couch studded with jewels, furnished with seats and pillows, and decorated with a canopy of pearls. Her face is a fully developed lotus. She has a row of chowries being shaken around her, and her beaming lotus-face (lasat-vadana) surpasses beautiful lotuses. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vadana (वदन) refers to the “face”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] He is adorned with nice anklets, armlets, rings and bracelets, and he shines with small toe rings, channahīras, etc., and diadems and a crown. His face is gracious (prasanna-vadana), beautiful, his lips are smeared with betel leaves. His mind is filled with the joy of wine, and his body is supreme bliss [itself]. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vadana (वदन) refers to “one having a gaping mouth” (adorned with with large tusks) and is used to describe Bhairava, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.1-7ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Bhairava]—“Now, at this moment, I shall explain the distinct appearance of Bhairava, [who] resembles an ointment [that clears the eye]. He has a nature that burns up and dissolves all things. Five-faced, atop a corpse, ten-armed [and] terrible, he resembles troops with demon mouths. He rumbles, [producing] a terrible noise, speaks with a gaping mouth [adorned with] with large tusks (daṃṣṭrakarāla-vadana), [his face] bent in a frown. [...] Having worshipped Bhairava, [the Mantrin] remembers being joined in union [with] him, [in the same way as] dissolution in fire”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vadana (वदन) refers to the “face”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.46 (“The arrival of the bridegroom”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “Menā saw with pleasure lord Śiva, the bridegroom of Pārvatī, served by all the gods and who by that time had come there. [...] She praised her good luck. She congratulated Pārvatī, the mountain and his entire family. She congratulated herself. She rejoiced again and again. Gazing at her son-in-law joyously with beaming face (praphulla-vadana), the chaste lady performed the Nīrājana rite. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Vadana (वदन) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘mukha’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., vadana) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vadana (वदन) refers to the “mouth”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In this world, fool, how could the body, which is covered in a mass of skin, a skeleton of bones, excessively filled with the smells of a stinking corpse, sitting in the mouth of Yama (yama-vadana-niṣaṇṇa), the abode of the serpent-lord of disease, be for the pleasure of men? [Thus ends the reflection on] impurity”.

Synonyms: Mukha, Vaktra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vadana : (nt.) the face; speech; utterance. || vādana (nt.), sounding of a musical instrument.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vādana, (nt.) (fr. vādeti) playing on a musical instrument, music VvA. 276. (Page 608)

— or —

Vadana, (nt.) (fr. vad) speech, utterance VvA. 345 (+kathana). (Page 599)

— or —

Vadāna, see vadati. (Page 599)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vadana (वदन).—n (S) The face or the mouth. 2 In arithmetic &c. The first term of a series.

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vādaṇā (वादणा).—m R (Commonly vādhaṇā) An indolent and sympathetic tumor.

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vādana (वादन).—n S Causing to sound.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vadana (वदन).—n The face or the mouth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[udyate'nena vad karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) The face; आसीद्विवृत्तवदना च विमोचयन्ती (āsīdvivṛttavadanā ca vimocayantī) Ś.2.13; so सुवदना, कमलवदना (suvadanā, kamalavadanā) &c.

2) The mouth; वदने विनिवेशिता भुजङ्गी पिशुनानां रसनामिषेण धात्रा (vadane viniveśitā bhujaṅgī piśunānāṃ rasanāmiṣeṇa dhātrā) Bv.1.111.

3) Aspect, look, appearance.

4) The front point.

5) First term (in a series).

6) The summit or apex of a triangle.

Derivable forms: vadanam (वदनम्).

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Vādana (वादन).—[vad-ṇic karmaṇi lyuṭ]

1) Sounding.

2) Instrumental music.

-naḥ A player on a musical instrument; गायनैश्च विराविण्यो वादनैश्च तथापरैः विरेजुर्विपुलास्तंत्र (gāyanaiśca virāviṇyo vādanaiśca tathāparaiḥ virejurvipulāstaṃtra) Rām. 1.18.19.

Derivable forms: vādanam (वादनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The mouth, the face. 2. The front. 3. Look, appearance. 4. The summit or apex of a triangle. E. vad to speak, aff. lyuṭ .

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Vādana (वादन).—n.

(-naṃ) Sound, sounding, (as musical instruments.) E. vad to sound, causal form, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[vad + ana], n. The mouth, the face, [Pañcatantra] 185, 25.

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Vādana (वादन).—i. e. vad, [Causal.], + ana, n. Instrumental music, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 178.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[neuter] speaking, sounding; mouth, face, front, point.

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Vādana (वादन).—[masculine] & [neuter] player & playing on a musical instrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadana (वदन):—[from vad] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of speaking, talking, sounding, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???]

2) [v.s. ...] the mouth, face, countenance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (naṃkṛ, to make a face or grimace, nī-√bhū, to become a face)

3) [v.s. ...] the front, point, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) the first term, initial quantity or term of a progression, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [geometry]) the side opposite to the base, the summit or apex of a triangle, [Āryabhaṭa]

6) Vādana (वादन):—[from vāda] m. a player on any musical instrument, musician, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] n. = -ḍaṇḍa, [???]

8) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) sound, sounding, playing a mus° instr°, music, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadana (वदन):—(naṃ) 1. n. The mouth, face.

2) Vādana (वादन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Sound (of musical instruments).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vadana (वदन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vayaṇa, Vāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vadana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vadana (वदन) [Also spelled vadan]:—(nm) the face, features.

2) Vādana (वादन) [Also spelled vadan]:—(nm) playing on an instrument; hence [vādita] (a).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vadana (ವದನ):—

1) [noun] the front part of the head, from the forehead to the chin; the face.

2) [noun] the opening through which human beings take in food; the mouth.

3) [noun] the act of talking, speaking.

4) [noun] the portion, region, place, etc. that is just in front of a person, building, etc.

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Vādana (ವಾದನ):—

1) [noun] an instance of a sound being produced.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of playing a musical insttument.

3) [noun] a large group of musicians playing various musical instruments together; an orchestra.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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