Vadana, Vādana, Vadāna: 11 definitions


Vadana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Vadana (वदन, “face”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips, teeth, tongue, chin, face [viz., Vadana], and the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Vadana (वदन) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘mukha’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., vadana) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vadana : (nt.) the face; speech; utterance. || vādana (nt.), sounding of a musical instrument.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vādana, (nt.) (fr. vādeti) playing on a musical instrument, music VvA. 276. (Page 608)

— or —

Vadana, (nt.) (fr. vad) speech, utterance VvA. 345 (+kathana). (Page 599)

— or —

Vadāna, see vadati. (Page 599)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vadana (वदन).—n (S) The face or the mouth. 2 In arithmetic &c. The first term of a series.

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vādaṇā (वादणा).—m R (Commonly vādhaṇā) An indolent and sympathetic tumor.

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vādana (वादन).—n S Causing to sound.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vadana (वदन).—n The face or the mouth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[udyate'nena vad karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) The face; आसीद्विवृत्तवदना च विमोचयन्ती (āsīdvivṛttavadanā ca vimocayantī) Ś.2.13; so सुवदना, कमलवदना (suvadanā, kamalavadanā) &c.

2) The mouth; वदने विनिवेशिता भुजङ्गी पिशुनानां रसनामिषेण धात्रा (vadane viniveśitā bhujaṅgī piśunānāṃ rasanāmiṣeṇa dhātrā) Bv.1.111.

3) Aspect, look, appearance.

4) The front point.

5) First term (in a series).

6) The summit or apex of a triangle.

Derivable forms: vadanam (वदनम्).

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Vādana (वादन).—[vad-ṇic karmaṇi lyuṭ]

1) Sounding.

2) Instrumental music.

-naḥ A player on a musical instrument; गायनैश्च विराविण्यो वादनैश्च तथापरैः विरेजुर्विपुलास्तंत्र (gāyanaiśca virāviṇyo vādanaiśca tathāparaiḥ virejurvipulāstaṃtra) Rām. 1.18.19.

Derivable forms: vādanam (वादनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The mouth, the face. 2. The front. 3. Look, appearance. 4. The summit or apex of a triangle. E. vad to speak, aff. lyuṭ .

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Vādana (वादन).—n.

(-naṃ) Sound, sounding, (as musical instruments.) E. vad to sound, causal form, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[vad + ana], n. The mouth, the face, [Pañcatantra] 185, 25.

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Vādana (वादन).—i. e. vad, [Causal.], + ana, n. Instrumental music, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 178.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadana (वदन).—[neuter] speaking, sounding; mouth, face, front, point.

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Vādana (वादन).—[masculine] & [neuter] player & playing on a musical instrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadana (वदन):—[from vad] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of speaking, talking, sounding, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???]

2) [v.s. ...] the mouth, face, countenance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (naṃkṛ, to make a face or grimace, nī-√bhū, to become a face)

3) [v.s. ...] the front, point, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) the first term, initial quantity or term of a progression, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [geometry]) the side opposite to the base, the summit or apex of a triangle, [Āryabhaṭa]

6) Vādana (वादन):—[from vāda] m. a player on any musical instrument, musician, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] n. = -ḍaṇḍa, [???]

8) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) sound, sounding, playing a mus° instr°, music, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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