Urvara, Ūrvarā, Urvarā, Ūrvara: 11 definitions

Introduction

Urvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—A celestial woman in the palace of Kubera. In the company of some other celestial women, she danced before the hermit called Aṣṭāvakra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 44).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Urvarā (उर्वरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Urvarā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Ūrvara (ऊर्वर, “fertile”) refers to one of the twelve types of lands mentioned in the Amarakoṣa and classified according to fertility of the soil, irrigation and physical characteristics. Agriculture (kṛṣi) is frequently mentioned in India’s ancient literature.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Urvarā (उर्वरा) refers to “fertile land (bhūmi)”, as defined in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “that land is said to be fertile, which can produce all sorts of grains and because it can produce all the crops and vegetations, it is called Urvarā”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Urvarā (उर्वरा) is with Kṣetra the regular expression, from the Ṛgveda onwards, denoting a piece of ‘ploughland’. Fertile (apnasvatī) fields are spoken of as well as waste fields (ārtanā ). Intensive cultivation by means of irrigation is clearly referred to both in the Ṛgveda and in the Atharvaveda, while allusion is also made to the use of manure. The fields (kṣetra) were carefully measured according to the Ṛgveda. This fact points clearly to individual ownership in land for the plough, a conclusion supported by the reference of Apālā, in a hymn of the Ṛgveda, to her father’s field (urvarā), which is put on the same level as his head of hair as a personal possession. Consistent with this are the epithets ‘winning fields’ (urvarā-sā, urvarā-jit, kṣetra-sā), while ‘lord of fields’ used of a god is presumably a transfer of a human epithet (urvarā-pati). Moreover, fields are spoken of in the same connection as children, and the conquest of fields (kṣetrāṇi sāṃ-ji) is often referred to in the Saṃhitās.

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Husain Shahi Bengal

Urvarā (उर्वरा) or Urvarābhūmi refers to “fertile land” according to Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava.—Rural settlements [in medieval Bengal] contained, in addition to habitations, roads and paths, tanks with bathing ghāṭs which supplied water to the people, jungles serving the purpose of the pasture-land and canals forming a sort of drainage system for the village. [...] It is known from Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava that rural areas had [viz., fertile land (urvarā-bhūmi)][...]. Thus the disposition of land in rural settlements conformed, in many respects, to the needs of the people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Urvarā.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: urvarā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—[uru śasyādikacchamṛti, ṛ-ac]

1) Fertile soil (yielding every kind of crop); पततां गणैः पिवतु सार्धमुर्वरा (patatāṃ gaṇaiḥ pivatu sārdhamurvarā) Śi.15.66. also बीजानामिव चोर्बरा (bījānāmiva corbarā) 7.4.2.

2) Land in general.

3) A mixed mass of fibres, wool &c.

4) A humorous term for curled hair.

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Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा).—Fertile soil.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा) or Urvvarā.—f.

(-rā) 1. Fertile soil, yielding every kind of crop. 2. Land in general. E. uru much, to go, ap and ṭāp affs.

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Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा) or Ūrvvarā.—f.

(-rā) Fertile soil, land bearing any and every crop: see urvarā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—[feminine] fertile soil, land i.[grammar]; the earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Urvarā (उर्वरा):—f. (probably connected with uru), fertile soil, field yielding crop, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) land in general, soil, the earth, [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Śārṅgadhara] etc.

3) Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata]

4) Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा):—f. [varia lectio] for urvarā q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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