Urvara, Ūrvarā, Urvarā, Ūrvara: 17 definitions


Urvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Urvar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—A celestial woman in the palace of Kubera. In the company of some other celestial women, she danced before the hermit called Aṣṭāvakra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 44).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Urvarā (उर्वरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Urvarā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Urvarā (उर्वरा) refers to “fertile land (bhūmi)”, as defined in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “that land is said to be fertile, which can produce all sorts of grains and because it can produce all the crops and vegetations, it is called Urvarā”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Ūrvara (ऊर्वर, “fertile”) refers to one of the twelve types of lands mentioned in the Amarakoṣa and classified according to fertility of the soil, irrigation and physical characteristics. Agriculture (kṛṣi) is frequently mentioned in India’s ancient literature.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Urvarā (उर्वरा) represents the number 1 (one) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 1—urvarā] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Urvarā (उर्वरा) is with Kṣetra the regular expression, from the Ṛgveda onwards, denoting a piece of ‘ploughland’. Fertile (apnasvatī) fields are spoken of as well as waste fields (ārtanā ). Intensive cultivation by means of irrigation is clearly referred to both in the Ṛgveda and in the Atharvaveda, while allusion is also made to the use of manure. The fields (kṣetra) were carefully measured according to the Ṛgveda. This fact points clearly to individual ownership in land for the plough, a conclusion supported by the reference of Apālā, in a hymn of the Ṛgveda, to her father’s field (urvarā), which is put on the same level as his head of hair as a personal possession. Consistent with this are the epithets ‘winning fields’ (urvarā-sā, urvarā-jit, kṣetra-sā), while ‘lord of fields’ used of a god is presumably a transfer of a human epithet (urvarā-pati). Moreover, fields are spoken of in the same connection as children, and the conquest of fields (kṣetrāṇi sāṃ-ji) is often referred to in the Saṃhitās.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Husain Shahi Bengal

Urvarā (उर्वरा) or Urvarābhūmi refers to “fertile land” according to Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava.—Rural settlements [in medieval Bengal] contained, in addition to habitations, roads and paths, tanks with bathing ghāṭs which supplied water to the people, jungles serving the purpose of the pasture-land and canals forming a sort of drainage system for the village. [...] It is known from Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava that rural areas had [viz., fertile land (urvarā-bhūmi)][...]. Thus the disposition of land in rural settlements conformed, in many respects, to the needs of the people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Urvarā.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: urvarā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—[uru śasyādikacchamṛti, ṛ-ac]

1) Fertile soil (yielding every kind of crop); पततां गणैः पिवतु सार्धमुर्वरा (patatāṃ gaṇaiḥ pivatu sārdhamurvarā) Śiśupālavadha 15.66. also बीजानामिव चोर्बरा (bījānāmiva corbarā) 7.4.2.

2) Land in general.

3) A mixed mass of fibres, wool &c.

4) A humorous term for curled hair.

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Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा).—Fertile soil.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा) or Urvvarā.—f.

(-rā) 1. Fertile soil, yielding every kind of crop. 2. Land in general. E. uru much, to go, ap and ṭāp affs.

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Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा) or Ūrvvarā.—f.

(-rā) Fertile soil, land bearing any and every crop: see urvarā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urvarā (उर्वरा).—[feminine] fertile soil, land i.[grammar]; the earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Urvarā (उर्वरा):—f. (probably connected with uru), fertile soil, field yielding crop, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) land in general, soil, the earth, [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Śārṅgadhara] etc.

3) Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata]

4) Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा):—f. [varia lectio] for urvarā q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Urvarā (उर्वरा):—(rā) 1. f. Fertile soil.

2) Ūrvarā (ऊर्वरा):—(rā) 1. f. Fertile soil.

[Sanskrit to German]

Urvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Urvara (उर्वर) [Also spelled urvar]:—(a) fertile, productive; ~[] fertility, productivity, fecundity; [urvarā] (a and nf) fertile.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Urvara (ಉರ್ವರ):—

1) [noun] the state of being swollen or enlarged.

2) [noun] the state or quality of being great in quantity or merit.

3) [noun] the festive and excited mood caused by excessive joy, accompanied by quick and lively activity; alacrity; conviviality.

4) [noun] the condition of being agitated, perturbed.

5) [noun] the rise of the surface of oceans, seas caused by the attraction of the moon and sun; tide; flood-tide.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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