Upendra, Upendrā, Upa-indra: 21 definitions


Upendra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Brother Of Indra"

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) refers to:—Śrī Vāmana-deva, an incarnation of Lord Viṣṇu. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Upendra (उपेन्द्र, “Indra’s younger brother”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Kṣamā.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) or Upendrasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Upendra-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) refers to the “younger brother of Indra” and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.16 (“The battle of the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā and the Gods eulogized Viṣṇu: “[...] Obeisance to you O holy lord, of the form of Boar. Obeisance to you who hold the earth, the support of people. Obeisance to Viṣṇu. Obeisance to you, the Dwarf. Obeisance to Viṣṇu the younger brother of Indra (upendra-ākhya), the lord who deceived the king of Asuras in the guise of a Brahmin. Obeisance to Paraśurāma who exterminated the Kṣattriyas, who rendered help to your mother. Obeisance to you who are angry and inimical to the evil beings. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—A synonym of Viṣṇu. Mahāviṣṇu once took birth by Aditi the wife of Kaśyapaprajāpati. In that birth Mahāviṣṇu had the name Upendra. He was known as Vāmana too. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

2) Upendrā (उपेन्द्रा).—A river. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 27).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—A manifestation of Hari born of Aditi and Kaśyapa. He was known as Vāmana because of his short stature.1 Anointed by gods as the Lord of all worlds. Helped Indra his elder brother in the administration of his kingdoms.2 Knew the yoga power of Hari3 and was invoked by gopas for the protection of the baby Kṛṣṇa.4 Had a son Bṛhatśloka through Kīrti.5 Also known as Urukrama. A son of Diti.6 Kṛṣṇa, crowned by Indra as the Indra of cows, urged by the speech of Gava; perhaps the cows of heaven like the Kāmadhenu; at that time the cattle delighted the earth with milk.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 3. 42: V. 24. 24; VI. 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 84; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 21. 59; 73. 84.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 23. 23-25.
  • 3) Ib. II. 7. 45; 5. 30; IV. 2. 18.
  • 4) Ib. X. 6. 22 and 23;
  • 5) Ib. VI. 18. 8.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 146. 20; 244. 26-8.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 12-15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) represents the number 9 (nine) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 9—upendra] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Upendra (उपेन्द्र) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Upendra).

2) Upendra (उपेन्द्र) also refers to a deity summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—[upagata indraṃ anujatvāt] Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa as the younger brother of Indra in his 5th or dwarf incarnation; see इन्द्र (indra); उपेन्द्रवज्रादपि दारुणोऽसि (upendravajrādapi dāruṇo'si) Gītagovinda 5; यदुपेन्द्रस्त्वमतीन्द्र एव सः (yadupendrastvamatīndra eva saḥ) Śiśupālavadha 16.7.

Derivable forms: upendraḥ (उपेन्द्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—name of a nāga king: Mahāvyutpatti 3265; Mahā-Māyūrī 246.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—m.

(-ndraḥ) A name of Vishnu or Krishna. E. upa after, indra Indra: born subsequently to Indra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—i. e. upa-indra, m. A name of Viṣṇu, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 6; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu (lit. inferior to Indra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Upendra (उपेन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Suparṇaciti Vs. Peters. 2, 174.

2) Upendra (उपेन्द्र):—son of Rāma Bhaṭṭa: Suparṇacitidīpikā.

3) Upendra (उपेन्द्र):—Bhaiṣajyarasāmṛtasaṃhitā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upendra (उपेन्द्र):—m. ‘younger brother of Indra’, Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa (born subsequently to Indra, especially as son of Aditi, either as Āditya or in the dwarf Avatāra), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc.

2) Name of a Nāga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Upendrā (उपेन्द्रा):—[from upendra] f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendra (उपेन्द्र):—[upe+ndra] (ndraḥ) 1. m. Vishnu.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uiṃda, Uviṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upendra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upēṃdra (ಉಪೇಂದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] Viṣṇu (esp. in his fifth incarnation as a dwarf person) as the younger brother of Indra, the Lord of gods.

2) [noun] Lord Křṣṇa.

3) [noun] Indra, the Lord of gods.

4) [noun] a Jaina saint.

5) [noun] the sun.

6) [noun] a king.

7) [noun] a snake.

8) [noun] a metrical foot.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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