Upendra, aka: Upendrā; 6 Definition(s)


Upendra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Upendra in Purana glossaries]

1) Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—A synonym of Viṣṇu. Mahāviṣṇu once took birth by Aditi the wife of Kaśyapaprajāpati. In that birth Mahāviṣṇu had the name Upendra. He was known as Vāmana too. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

2) Upendrā (उपेन्द्रा).—A river. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 27).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Upendra (उपेन्द्र).—A manifestation of Hari born of Aditi and Kaśyapa. He was known as Vāmana because of his short stature.1 Anointed by gods as the Lord of all worlds. Helped Indra his elder brother in the administration of his kingdoms.2 Knew the yoga power of Hari3 and was invoked by gopas for the protection of the baby Kṛṣṇa.4 Had a son Bṛhatśloka through Kīrti.5 Also known as Urukrama. A son of Diti.6 Kṛṣṇa, crowned by Indra as the Indra of cows, urged by the speech of Gava; perhaps the cows of heaven like the Kāmadhenu; at that time the cattle delighted the earth with milk.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 3. 42: V. 24. 24; VI. 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 84; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 21. 59; 73. 84.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 23. 23-25.
  • 3) Ib. II. 7. 45; 5. 30; IV. 2. 18.
  • 4) Ib. X. 6. 22 and 23;
  • 5) Ib. VI. 18. 8.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 146. 20; 244. 26-8.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 12-15.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Upendra in Pancaratra glossaries]

Upendra (उपेन्द्र, “Indra’s younger brother”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Kṣamā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Upendra (उपेन्द्र) or Upendrasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Upendra-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Upendra in Hinduism glossaries]

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Brother Of Indra"

(Source): humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

1) Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa...
Upendrasaṃhitā (उपेन्द्रसंहिता) or simply Upendra is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, cl...
Upendrācārya (उपेन्द्राचार्य) is a younger brother of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet ...
Śiva (शिव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
Viṣṇu (विष्णु) or Viṣṇusaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttv...
Vāmana (वामन, “dwarf”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structu...
Śakra (शक्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as men...
Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of Indra’s son, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Acc...
Kṣamā (क्षमा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”)...
Urukrama (उरुक्रम).—Another name of Vāmana.
Indrāvaraja (इन्द्रावरज).—an epithet of Viṣṇu and of Nārāyaṇa (upendra); तस्थौ भ्रातृसमीपस्थः श...
Twenty-four-forms-of Vishnu
In the Siddhārtha-saṃhitā there is a description of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu, and thes...
Aupendra (औपेन्द्र).—a. Belonging to Upendra; नरेन्द्रैरौपेन्द्रं वपुरथ विशद्धाम वीक्षांबभूवे (...
Indrānuja (इन्द्रानुज).—an epithet of Viṣṇu and of Nārāyaṇa (upendra); तस्थौ भ्रातृसमीपस्थः शक्...

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