Pakva: 19 definitions


Pakva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pakv.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Pakva (पक्व) refers to “boiling (water)”, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The tenth Adhyāya prescribes antidotes for Rājilā snake venom.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse X.28b-29a: “The bite victim must be smeared with oil and bathed in water boiled (pakva) to one eigth measure to which have been added, the powder of the bark of Śirīṣa, Mahāgopī, Devī and Nirguṇḍī”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pakva (पक्व) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to a “ripe” fruit. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

At the ripened (pakva) stage, the inflammatory swelling (śopha) has a weak force, becomes reduced in size and whitish-yellow in color, gets wrinkles, becomes sunk on the edges, has a raised part in the middle, mild itching, swelling and so on; a movement of pus (pūya) is perceived by touch just like water in the bladder.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pakva (पक्व) refers to “cooked food”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The true teacher is dedicated to) truthfulness, ritual purity and cleanliness, compassion, and forbearance; he unites with his wife when it is her season, not out of passion, but for a son for the benefit of (his) clan and lineage. He practices the six magical rites, bathes (regularly) and worships at the three times of day. He avoids the Śūdra and the low caste as well as (accepting food from others), whether cooked [i.e., pakva] or raw. One who is endowed with such qualities is a Brahmin (vipra), not by caste or by virtue of (his) sacred thread (and the like). These are the qualities of a (true) Brahmin. He who possesses them is a (true) teacher. Moreover, he removes error, and he reveals the meaning of the Kula scripture. Previously consecrated, (such a one) should always be made (one’s) teacher”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pakva (पक्व) refers to “cooked (meat)”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.21-27, while describing inauspicious dreams]—“[...] [He dreams of] the destruction of houses, palaces, beds, clothes, and seats; defeat of oneself  in battle and theft of ones things. [He] ascends or is amongst donkeys, camels, dogs, jackals, and herons, vultures, and cranes. [He rides on] buffalos, owls, and crows, eats cooked meat (pakva-māṃsabhakṣaṇaṃ pakvamāṃsasya), [wears a] red garland, and ointment for the body. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pakva.—cf. pakva-pura, ‘a brick-built house’, same as Bengali pākā-bād8i. See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 184. Note: pakva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pakva (पक्व).—&c. See under पच् (pac).

See also (synonyms): pakti, paktṛ.

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Pakva (पक्व).—a. [pac-kta tasya vaḥ]

1) Cooked, roasted, boiled; as in पक्वान्न (pakvānna).

2) Digested.

3) Baked, burned, annealed (opp. āma); पक्वेष्टकानामाकर्षणम्, आमेष्टकानां छेदनम् (pakveṣṭakānāmākarṣaṇam, āmeṣṭakānāṃ chedanam) Mṛcchakaṭika 3. 12/13.

14) Mature, ripe; पक्वबिम्बाधरोष्ठी (pakvabimbādharoṣṭhī) Meghadūta 82; यथा फलानां पक्वानां नान्यत्र पतनाद् भयम् (yathā phalānāṃ pakvānāṃ nānyatra patanād bhayam) Subhāṣ.

5) Fully developed, come to perfection, perfect, matured as in पक्वधी (pakvadhī); अग्नि- पक्वाशनो वा स्यात् कालपक्वभुगेव वा (agni- pakvāśano vā syāt kālapakvabhugeva vā) Manusmṛti 6.17.

6) Experienced, shrewd.

7) Ripe (as a boil), ready to suppurate.

8) Grey (as hair).

9) Perished, decaying, on the eve of destruction, ripe to meet one's doom; 'पक्वं परिणतेऽपि स्याद्विनाशाभिमुखे त्रिषु (pakvaṃ pariṇate'pi syādvināśābhimukhe triṣu)' Medinī; पक्वापक्वेति सुभृशं वावाश्यन्ते वयांसि च (pakvāpakveti subhṛśaṃ vāvāśyante vayāṃsi ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.3.44.

-kvam 1 Cooked food.

2) Ripe corn.

3) The ashes of a burnt corpse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व).—adj. (compare [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 8, [Boehtlingk] s.v. 1, i; more clearly and commonly in this sense Pali pakka), decayed, near destruction, rotten, foul: pakva-gātrā Divyāvadāna 82.11 (= Pali pakkagatta); pakva-kheṭa-piṇḍaṃ Lalitavistara 242.4, a rotten lump of phlegm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व).—mfn.

(-kvaḥ-kvā-kvaṃ) 1. Mature, dressed, matured by nature or by art. 2. Fully matured, on the eve of rottenness or decay. 3. Perfect, come to perfection. 4. Able, shrewd, experienced, mature (as the understanding.) 5. Grey, (the hair.) 6. Digested. 7. Cooked, boiled. 8. Baked, burned. E. pac too cook or ripen, va substituted for kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व).—i. e. pac + va. It is used as ptcple. of the pf. pass. of pac, f. . 1. Cooked, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 223. 2. Baked (as a brick, a pot), [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 197. 3. Mature, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 144. 4. Grey (as hair), [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Anth. 80, 17. 5. Accomplished, perfect. 6. On the eve of decay, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 28, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व).—[adjective] cooked, prepared (on fire), ripened, matured, developed ([abstract] † [feminine]); [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pakva (पक्व):—[from pac] mf(ā)n. (considered as [past participle] of √2. pac; cf. [Pāṇini 8-2, 52]) cooked, roasted, baked, boiled, prepared on a fire (opp. to āma), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (also applied to the milk in an udder)

2) [v.s. ...] warmed (cf. dviṣ-), [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] baked or burnt (as bricks or earthenware pots), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Varāha-mihira] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] ripe, mature ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (also applied to a tree with ripe fruits)

5) [v.s. ...] grey, hoary (as the hair), [Dhūrtasamāgama]

6) [v.s. ...] accomplished, perfect, fully developed (as the understanding, character etc.), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] ripe for decay, near to death, decrepit, perishing,decaying, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] digested, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] n. cooked food, dish, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] ripe corn, [Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] the ashes of a burnt corpse, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व):—[(kvaḥ-kvā-kvaṃ) a.] Cooked; mature, fully ripe; grey (hair); perfect; able; experienced, digested.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pakva (पक्व) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paulia, Paulla, Solla, Solliya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pakva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pakva (पक्व) [Also spelled pakv]:—(a) ripe; boiled; mature; strong; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pakva (ಪಕ್ವ):—

1) [adjective] cooked, roasted, baked well.

2) [adjective] fully grown and developed; ripe.

3) [adjective] completely digested.

4) [adjective] skilled; experienced; well-versed (with); proficient.

5) [adjective] having hair that is grey.

6) [adjective] sufficiently advanced and ready for some operation, treatment or process (said of a disease).

7) [adjective] fully or highly developed by study, experience, etc.; mature as in judgement, knowledge, etc.

8) [adjective] characterised by full physical or mental development.

9) [adjective] advanced in years.

10) [adjective] ready to do, receive or undergo something; fully prepared.

11) [adjective] sufficiently advanced (said of time).

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Pakva (ಪಕ್ವ):—

1) [noun] the state of being well cooked, roasted or baked (as food).

2) [noun] ripeness of fruit.

3) [noun] such a fruit.

4) [noun] any cooked food.

5) [noun] clarified butter in liquid form.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pakva (पक्व):—adj. 1. experienced; practical; mature; 2. mature; ripe; 3. fully developed; perfect; mature; 4. cooked; roasted; boiled;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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