Upasamdoha, Upasaṃdoha, Upa-samdoha: 1 definition



Upasamdoha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Upasamdoha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Upasaṃdoha (उपसंदोह) refers to “secondary sacred grounds” (cf. Saṃdoha), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The Śrīmatottara adds standard categories of sacred sites.  According to the Śrīmatottara these are: 1) the sacred seats, primary and secondary—pīṭha and upapīṭha; 2) Sacred fields, primary and secondary—kṣetra and upakṣetra; 3) meeting grounds, the primary saṃdoha. The Śrīmatottara omits the secondary sacred grounds—upasaṃdoha. In addition to these types of sacred sites the Śrīmatottara prefixes four holy mountains and lists the goddesses who reside and are worshipped on them.

The first saṃdoha of the Yoginīs was emanated near to Śrīgiri and the second near the town of Ujjayinī. The others are Trikūṭa, Tripura, Gopura, Bhadrakarṇa ([Manuscript] Kh: Bhadrakaṣṭa; [Manuscript] G: Bhadrakīrṇa), Kirāta, the region of Kaśmīra, Sauvala (kh: Sauvara, g: Śaivāla) and Sindhudeśa.—(cf. Śrīmatottara verse 3.135-138).

Note: The terms saṃdoha and upasaṃdoha are of uncertain derivation. They are also terms in common usage in the Buddhist Tantras in this or a similar form (such as chandoha). See Hevajratantra verse 1.7.10-18. Jayaratha derives the term from the root saṃduh, meaning to milk, suck, or ooze (milk). Thus he says that: a saṃdohaka (is what has been milked) because it consists mainly of the exuded secretion of the secondary seats.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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