Saivala, Śaivala, Shaivala, Saivāla, Śaivāla, Śāivāla: 16 definitions


Saivala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaivala and Śaivāla and Śāivāla can be transliterated into English as Saivala or Shaivala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shaival.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śāivāla (शाइवाल).—A town in India. There is a reference to it in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saivāla (सैवाल).—A Kulaparvata of Bhadrāśva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 14.

1b) A Janapada of the Bhadrā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śaivāla (शैवाल) (or Sauvala, Sauvara) is the name of a saṃdoha (meeting place) [or upasaṃdoha—secondary meeting place?), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra verse 3.135-138, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The first saṃdoha of the Yoginīs was emanated near to Śrīgiri and the second near the town of Ujjayinī. The others are Trikūṭa, Tripura, Gopura, Bhadrakarṇa ([Manuscript] Kh: Bhadrakaṣṭa; [Manuscript] G: Bhadrakīrṇa), Kirāta, the region of Kaśmīra, Sauvala (kh: Sauvara, g: Śaivāla) and Sindhudeśa.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śaivala (शैवल) was the son of Amṛtā (aunt of the Buddha), as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 39. Śaivala [in Sanskrit], Sivali in Pāli, was proclaimed by the Buddha (Anguttara, I, p. 24) to be the foremost of those who receive and his generosity equaled his wealth.

Note: According to the Pāli sources (Udāna, commentary on Anguttara, Dahammapada and Jātaka), Sīvali was the son of Suppavāsā, princess of the Koliyas, who carried him in her womb for seven years. At his birth, the baby was able to speak. Sāriputta spoke with him and, with the approval of his mother, proceeded to ordain him. During the ceremony of his tonsure at each snip of the scissors, the child attained a new fruit of the religious life, becoming successively Srotaāpanna, Sakṛdāgāmin, Anāgāmin and finally Arhat.

Śaivala (in Pāli, Sīvali) is mentioned in the Śaivalajātaka, according to chapter L: “thus Che-p’o-lo (Śaivala), enjoyed happiness from lifetime to lifetime and became an Arhat for having offered a bottle of cream to the saṃgha: he is foremost among those who have found happiness”.

Notes: The Ekottara places Śaivala among the physically and mentally happy men, always availing themselves of the four pūjāpariṣkāra,—clothing, food, drink, bed and seat, medicine—and never falling into the three bad destinies. The Mahāvibhāṣā stresses his precocity during his successive lifetimes: as soon as he came into the world, he asked his parents if there was anything to give as alms.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaivala (शैवल) [or शैवाल, śaivāla].—m n S See the derivative śēvāḷa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaivala (शैवल).—[śī-valac Uṇādi-sūtra 4.38] A kind of aquatic plant, moss; सरसिजमनुविद्धं शैवलेनापि रम्यम् (sarasijamanuviddhaṃ śaivalenāpi ramyam) Ś.1.2; न षट्पदश्रेणिभि- रेव पङ्कजं सशैवलासंगमपि प्रकाशते (na ṣaṭpadaśreṇibhi- reva paṅkajaṃ saśaivalāsaṃgamapi prakāśate) Kumārasambhava 5.9.

-lam A kind of fragrant wood.

Derivable forms: śaivalaḥ (शैवलः).

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Śaivāla (शैवाल).—See शैवल (śaivala).

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Saivāla (सैवाल).—See शेवाल (śevāla).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaivala (शैवल).—(1) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.30; (2) name of a Buddhist elder: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.191.1 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaivala (शैवल).—m.

(-laḥ) An aquatie plant, moss. n.

(-laṃ) A drug, commonly termed Padma-kat'h. E. śī to sleep, (on the water,) valañ aff.; also śaivāla śevāla, &c.

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Śaivāla (शैवाल).—m.

(-laḥ) An aquatic plant, (Vallisneria octandra.) E. śī to sleep, (on the water,) vālañ aff., śevāla and aṇ pleonasm.

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Saivāla (सैवाल).—n.

(-laṃ) Name of an aquatic plant: see śaivāla .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaivala (शैवल).—śaivāla, see śevāla.

Śaivala can also be spelled as Śaivāla (शैवाल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaivala (शैवल).—[substantive] a cert. water-plant; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

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Śaivāla (शैवाल).—[neuter] = śaivala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaivala (शैवल):—[from śaiva] mn. (ifc. f(ā). cf. śevala), Blyxa Octandra (a kind of duck-weed or green moss-like plant growing in pools and often alluded to in poetry), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a serpent-demon, [Buddhist literature]

4) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Calcutta edition] śaibāla)

5) [v.s. ...] n. the (fragrant) wood of Cerasus Puddum (used in medicine), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Śaivāla (शैवाल):—[from śaiva] n. the Śaivala plant, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a people, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) Saivāla (सैवाल):—See śaivāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaivala (शैवल):—(laḥ) 1. m. An aquatic plant. n. A drug, Paṃkāth.

2) Śaivāla (शैवाल):—(laḥ) 1. m. An aquatic plant, Valisneria octandra.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaivala (शैवल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sevala, Sevāḍa, Sevāla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saivala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saivala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śaivāla (शैवाल) [Also spelled shaival]:—(nm) see [śevāla].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaivala (ಶೈವಲ):—[noun] any of various classes (esp. Bryopsida) of very small, green bryophytes having stems with leaf-like structures and growing in velvety clusters on rocks; moss.

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Śaivaḷa (ಶೈವಳ):—[noun] = ಶೈವಲ [shaivala].

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Śaivāla (ಶೈವಾಲ):—

1) [noun] = ಶೈವಲ [shaivala].

2) [noun] the plant Vallisueria spiralis ( = V. octandra) of Hydrocharitaceae family.

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Śaivāḷa (ಶೈವಾಳ):—[noun] = ಶೈವಲ [shaivala].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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