Trikuta, Trikūṭā, Trikūṭa, Tri-kuta: 24 definitions


Trikuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Trikuṭa (त्रिकुट) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Trikuṭa. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—A mountain. There are twenty mountains on the four sides of Mahāmeru including Trikūṭa. Purāṇas say that the city of Laṅkā, the abode of Rāvaṇa, was at the top of Trikūṭa. Mahāmeru is at the north of Bhārata. Laṅkā is to the south of Bhārata. Then how is it possible for Laṅkā to be on the top of Trikūṭa?

There is a story to substantiate this belief. Once there arose a quarrel between Vāsuki and Vāyubhagavān and they decided to find out who between the two was more powerful. Vāsuki went and lay wound round Mahāmeru so tightly that even Vāyu (air) could not enter it. Vāyu got enraged and broke into a cyclone shaking the whole world. Even Mahāmeru began to shake but Vāsuki lay unaffected. The Cyclone began to increase in vigour and the devas were frightened and they went to Mahāviṣṇu accompanied by Śiva and Brahmā. After hearing their story Viṣṇu called Vāsuki and Vāyu to his side and commanded them to stop the quarrel. Vāsuki then unwound a part of his winding and that was from Trikūṭa. At once Vāyu entered there and separating Trikūṭa from other parts carried it away and dropped it in the southern sea. It fell to the south of the southern end of Bhārata. Laṅkā is the city built on it by the celebrated architect, Viśvakarman.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a Mountain, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] The mountains Trikūṭa, Citrakūṭa, Veṅkaṭa, Śrīgiri, Gokāmukha and Nārada came also. The excellent mountain Vindhya possessing many riches, came there delightedly along with his wife and sons. The mountain Kālañjara, highly resplendent and extremely delighted came along with his attendants. [...]”.

Note: Trikūṭa is a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which was situated Laṅkā, the capital of Rāvaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—A mountain on the base of the Meru, in Bhāratavarṣa;1 surrounded by Kṣīroda, and 10000 yojanas high with three shining crests of silver, iron and gold; served by Siddhas, Cāraṇas and others. In its valley was Ṛtumat, the pleasure garden of goddesses, full of varied trees.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; 19. 16.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 2. 1-19.

1b) Here is Lankā in Malayadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 48. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Trikuta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a mountain as described in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Prahasta said to the Asura Maya and Sūryaprabha, after returning from the court of Śrutaśarman, “I went rapidly hence to the city named Trikūṭapatākā, situated on the mountain Trikūṭa, built of gold. And being introduced by the doorkeeper, I entered, and beheld Śrutaśarman surrounded by various Vidyādhara kings, by his father Trikūṭasena, and also by Vikramaśakti and Dhurandhara and other heroes, Dāmodara among them”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Trikūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a sacred mountain, according to the Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The goddess and the god conceal themselves from each other’s view again after the goddess has completed tour of India. Then the god disappears back into his original transcendental abode on the summit of mount Trikūṭa—the triangular mountain with three peaks (trikūṭa) that encloses the Santānabhuvana—the Land of the Tradition. It is located at the upper extremity of the subtle body at the End of the Twelve, which is twelve finger-widths above the head.

2) Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) (possibly identified with a mountain in the Koṅkaṇa region) refers to one of the ten places visited by the Goddess on her pilgrimage.—(cf. Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā verse 1.36-37, 4.5, 4.26-132).—Accordingly, when the goddess emerges out of the Liṅga, she reluctantly leaves the beautiful Island of the Moon she loves. She sets out on the pilgrimage Bhairava has ordained for her to spread the Command and to finally unite with him. She will go to ten places (i.e., Trikūṭa), all of which are already sacred sites where goddesses reside.

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a saṃdoha (meeting place) [or upasaṃdoha—secondary meeting place?), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra verse 3.135-138, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The first saṃdoha of the Yoginīs was emanated near to Śrīgiri and the second near the town of Ujjayinī. The others are Trikūṭa, Tripura, Gopura, Bhadrakarṇa ([Manuscript] Kh: Bhadrakaṣṭa; [Manuscript] G: Bhadrakīrṇa), Kirāta, the region of Kaśmīra, Sauvala (kh: Sauvara, g: Śaivāla) and Sindhudeśa.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (kalpa)

Trikūṭā (त्रिकूटा) or Trikuṭākalpa refers to Kalpa (medicinal preparation) described in the Auṣadhikalpa, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Auṣadhikalpa is a medical work of the type of Materia Medica giving twenty-six medical preparations [e.g., Trikūṭā-kalpa] to be used as patent medicines against various diseases.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rākṣasadvīpa (राक्षसद्वीप) is the name of a mountain, according to chapter 2.4 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Bhīma (i.e., the Lord of the Rākṣasas) said to Meghavāhana (i.e., Ghanavāhana): “[...] In the ocean Lavaṇoda is the crest-jewel of all islands, Rākṣasadvīpa, unconquerable even by the gods, extended for seven hundred yojanas in all directions. At its center is Mount Trikūṭa, like Sumeru at the center of the earth, very splendid, circular, nine yojanas high, fifty yojanas in diameter, very difficult of access. On its top I have made just now a city, named Laṅkā, provided with golden walls, houses, and arched gateways. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (history)

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a mountain.—There are not less than four mountains called Trikūṭa. One is the mythical peak on the island of Śrīlaṅkā on which the city of Laṅkā is supposed to have been situated. Another is in Andhra, nowadays called Koṭappakoṇḍa near Kavur in the Narasaraopet Taluk in the Guntur district. A third is the Tirahni or Triraśmi hill at Nāsik. It has also been identified with Junnar and the Yamunotri mountain. Another is, as Bhattacharyya tells us: 'a hill in Aparānta or northern Koṅkaṇa from which the Traikūṭaka kings had derived their family name. The Ajaneri grant of Pṛthivīcandra Bhogaśakti dated AD 709 mentions the Pūrva-Trikūṭa-Viṣaya as a part of the Purī-Koṅkaṇa-Viṣaya.

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) refers to a mountain (parvata).—Trikūṭa-parvata is another mountain, which is associated with the Sahya mountain. It is mentioned in the Chezarla inscription of Ananda family and in Ipur Plates of Mādhavavarman II. Trikūṭa is placed by Kālidāsa in the Aparānta. i.e., Northern Konkan. The mountain, it appears, gave its name to the Traikuṭaka dynasty, who exercised away over Aparānta and other countries in the fifth century A.D. Mr. B.V. Krishna Rao, however, identifies Trikūṭa with Kotappakonda near Kavur in theNarasaraopeta taluq of the Guntur district. However, as pointed out by V.S. Ramachandra Murty, there is little evidence to support this identification.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Trikūṭa.—(EI 3), a junction of three villages (Ep. Ind., Vol. XIII, p. 34, note 3); same as trikuṭa or trikuṭṭa. Cf. tri-sandhi; also Telugu muggaḍa, ‘a junction of three or more villages’. Note: trikūṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—n S A mountain with three peaks. 2 A confederacy or association of three, a triad, a trio.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—n A mountain with three peaks. A trio.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—Name of a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which was situated Laṅkā, the capital of Rāvaṇa.; Śiśupālavadha 2.5.

Derivable forms: trikūṭaḥ (त्रिकूटः).

Trikūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kūṭa (कूट).

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Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—sea-salt.

Derivable forms: trikūṭam (त्रिकूटम्).

Trikūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kūṭa (कूट).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) The name of a mountain in the peninsula; it is also applicable to any mountain with three peaks. n.

(-ṭaṃ) Sea-salt prepared by evaporation. E. tri three, kūṭa a peak, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—I. adj. having three elevations, Mahābhārata 12, 6170. Ii. m. the name of several mountains, Mahābhārata 2, 1484. Niṣkūṭa, i. e.

Trikūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kūṭa (कूट).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—[adjective] having three peaks, [masculine] [Name] of [several] mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट):—[=tri-kūṭa] [from tri] mfn. having 3 peaks or humps or elevations, [Mahābhārata xii]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain (= -kakud), [ii, 1484] ([Harivaṃśa 12782]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v]

3) [v.s. ...] of another mountain, [viii, 2, 1]

4) [v.s. ...] of a peak of mount Meru, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 2, 26]

5) [v.s. ...] of a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which Laṅkā was situated, [Mahābhārata iii; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra v]

6) [v.s. ...] n. sea-salt prepared by evaporation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट):—[tri-kūṭa] (ṭaḥ) 1. m. The name of a mountain in the peninsula. n. Sea salt.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tikūḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trikuta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trikūṭa (ತ್ರಿಕೂಟ):—

1) [noun] a mountain having three peaks or a building having three pinnacles at the top.

2) [noun] the name of a mythological mountain believed to be in Lanka.

3) [noun] a combination of three eminent stalwarts.

4) [noun] the central point between the two eye-brows, above the nose.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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