Trikuta, aka: Tri-kuta, Trikūṭa; 10 Definition(s)


Trikuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Trikuta in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—A mountain. There are twenty mountains on the four sides of Mahāmeru including Trikūṭa. Purāṇas say that the city of Laṅkā, the abode of Rāvaṇa, was at the top of Trikūṭa. Mahāmeru is at the north of Bhārata. Laṅkā is to the south of Bhārata. Then how is it possible for Laṅkā to be on the top of Trikūṭa?

There is a story to substantiate this belief. Once there arose a quarrel between Vāsuki and Vāyubhagavān and they decided to find out who between the two was more powerful. Vāsuki went and lay wound round Mahāmeru so tightly that even Vāyu (air) could not enter it. Vāyu got enraged and broke into a cyclone shaking the whole world. Even Mahāmeru began to shake but Vāsuki lay unaffected. The Cyclone began to increase in vigour and the devas were frightened and they went to Mahāviṣṇu accompanied by Śiva and Brahmā. After hearing their story Viṣṇu called Vāsuki and Vāyu to his side and commanded them to stop the quarrel. Vāsuki then unwound a part of his winding and that was from Trikūṭa. At once Vāyu entered there and separating Trikūṭa from other parts carried it away and dropped it in the southern sea. It fell to the south of the southern end of Bhārata. Laṅkā is the city built on it by the celebrated architect, Viśvakarman.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—A mountain on the base of the Meru, in Bhāratavarṣa;1 surrounded by Kṣīroda, and 10000 yojanas high with three shining crests of silver, iron and gold; served by Siddhas, Cāraṇas and others. In its valley was Ṛtumat, the pleasure garden of goddesses, full of varied trees.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; 19. 16.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 2. 1-19.

1b) Here is Lankā in Malayadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 48. 26.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Trikuta in Katha glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) is the name of a mountain as described in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Prahasta said to the Asura Maya and Sūryaprabha, after returning from the court of Śrutaśarman, “I went rapidly hence to the city named Trikūṭapatākā, situated on the mountain Trikūṭa, built of gold. And being introduced by the doorkeeper, I entered, and beheld Śrutaśarman surrounded by various Vidyādhara kings, by his father Trikūṭasena, and also by Vikramaśakti and Dhurandhara and other heroes, Dāmodara among them”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Trikūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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India history and geogprahy

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट) refers to a mountain (parvata).—Trikūṭa-parvata is another mountain, which is associated with the Sahya mountain. It is mentioned in the Chezarla inscription of Ananda family and in Ipur Plates of Mādhavavarman II. Trikūṭa is placed by Kālidāsa in the Aparānta. i.e., Northern Konkan. The mountain, it appears, gave its name to the Traikuṭaka dynasty, who exercised away over Aparānta and other countries in the fifth century A.D. Mr. B.V. Krishna Rao, however, identifies Trikūṭa with Kotappakonda near Kavur in theNarasaraopeta taluq of the Guntur district. However, as pointed out by V.S. Ramachandra Murty, there is little evidence to support this identification.

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Trikūṭa.—(EI 3), a junction of three villages (Ep. Ind., Vol. XIII, p. 34, note 3); same as trikuṭa or trikuṭṭa. Cf. tri-sandhi; also Telugu muggaḍa, ‘a junction of three or more villages’. Note: trikūṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Trikuta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—n S A mountain with three peaks. 2 A confederacy or association of three, a triad, a trio.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—n A mountain with three peaks. A trio.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—Name of a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which was situated Laṅkā, the capital of Rāvaṇa.; Śi.2.5.

Derivable forms: trikūṭaḥ (त्रिकूटः).

Trikūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kūṭa (कूट).

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Trikūṭa (त्रिकूट).—sea-salt.

Derivable forms: trikūṭam (त्रिकूटम्).

Trikūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kūṭa (कूट).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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