Chandoha: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Chandoha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhandoha.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Chandoha (छन्दोह) is similair to the term Saṃdoha (‘meeting ground’) .—The terms saṃdoha and upasaṃdoha are of uncertain derivation. They are also terms in common usage in the Buddhist Tantras in this or a similar form (such as chandoha). See Hevajratantra verse 1.7.10-18. Jayaratha derives the term from the root saṃduh, meaning to milk, suck, or ooze (milk). Thus he says that: a saṃdohaka (is what has been milked) because it consists mainly of the exuded secretion of the secondary seats.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Chandoha in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Chandoha (छन्दोह) refers to “gathering places”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “There are oceans, rivers, regions [and] guardians of the regions; gathering places (chandoha), sacred sites, seats [of deities and] the deities of the seats”.

Note: In Śaiva texts chandoha is found as saṃdoha. That the manuscripts other than C read saṃbhedāḥ, which makes no sense, suggests that they may derive from an archetype that had saṃdohāḥ, which subsequent copyists did not understand.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Chandoha (छन्दोह) is one of the Pīṭhādis (group of districts) present within the Vākcakra (‘circle of word’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Bhūcarī (‘a woman going on the ground’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra.

The Pīṭhādi named Chandoha within the Vākcakra contains the following four districts or seats:

  1. Kaliṅga,
  2. Lampāka.
Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Chandoha (छन्दोह) refers to a type of power place where Yogins and Yoginīs congregate, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 5.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked:]—‘Blessed One, what places are places of gatherings?’ [The Blessed One said:]—‘There are pīṭhas and auxiliary pīṭhas, And likewise, kṣetras and auxiliary kṣetras. There are also chandohas and auxiliary chandohas, melāpakas and auxiliary melāpakas. There are charnel grounds and auxiliary charnel grounds, pīlavas and auxiliary pīlavas. These are the twelve types of meeting places. The lord of the ten bhūmis has not specified Any places other than these twelve’. [...]”.

Chandoha in Tibetan: ཙྪན་དོ། [ts+tshan do]; ཚན་དོ། [tshan do]; ཚན་དོ་ཧ། [tshan do ha].

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Chandoha (छन्दोह) (lit. “milking together”) refers to a class of Holy Sites, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly [while describing the wind-circle (vāyu-cakra)]: “[...] The color [of their bodies] is the same as [the color of] the circle of [their residential] place (variegated dark blue). [...] [Every Yoginī who] dwells in the chandoha (“milking together”) [holy sites], is excellent, should be known to be [of] the Hard-to-Conquer Level, and are approved to live in the fourth continent. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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