Upanidhi: 13 definitions

Introduction

Upanidhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (U) next»] — Upanidhi in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Upanidhi (उपनिधि).—A son of Bhadrā and Vasudeva.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 24.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Upanidhi (उपनिधि) refers to “deposits”, and is commonly classified as one of the eighteen vyavahārapada, or “law titles” in the ancient Dharmaśāstras. These vyavahārapadas are categories of ‘legal procedures’ and define a major type of crime for which a person may be tried. The term is derived from vyavahāra (“lawsuits” or “case”) which defines the case between the plaintiff and the defendant, which is often related to social and commercial transactions.

Upanidhi is mentioned in the following sources as one of the eighteen vyavahārapadas: the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (2.5). In the Manusmṛti this is known as Nikṣepa and in the Arthaśāstra as Aupanidhika.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (U) next»] — Upanidhi in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Upanidhi (उपनिधि) refers to a “deposit”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 15.58. In Smṛti it means a thing left in the care of some one in a sealed box without disclosing the nature of the contents; the article is to be returned to the owner exactly in the same condition. See Yājñavalkya 2.65. The word is here used simply in the sense of a “deposit”.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upanidhi.—(IE 8-5; EI 12), same as nikṣepa; cf. nidhi. Note: upanidhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upanidhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upanidhi : (m.) comparison; pledge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upanidhi, (f.) (upa + ni + dhā, cp. nidhi) — 1. deposit, pledge Vin. III, 51.—2. comparison, in phrase upanidhiṃ na upeti “does not come into comparison, cannot be compared with” M. III, 177; S. II, 263; V, 457 (so read for upanidhañ); Ud. 23. (Page 143)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upanidhi (उपनिधि).—m S A deposit or a pledge; property entrusted to the charge of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upanidhi (उपनिधि).—m A deposit or a pledge; pro- perty entrusted to the charge of.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upanidhi (उपनिधि).—

1) A deposit, pledge, property entrusted to another. प्रादायोपनिधिं राजा पाण्डुः स्वर्गमितो गतः (prādāyopanidhiṃ rājā pāṇḍuḥ svargamito gataḥ) Mb.1. 126.3.

2) (In law) A sealed deposit; Y.2.25; आधिश्चोपनिधिश्चोभौ न कालात्ययमर्हतः (ādhiścopanidhiścobhau na kālātyayamarhataḥ) Ms.8.145,149; cf. Medhātithi:यत् प्रदर्शितरूपं सचिह्नवस्त्रादिना पिहितं निक्षिप्यते (yat pradarśitarūpaṃ sacihnavastrādinā pihitaṃ nikṣipyate); also cf. Y.2.65 and Nārada quoted in Mit.

3) Pretext, guise; उपनिधिभिरसुखकृत्स परमनिरयगो भृशमसुखम- नुभवति दुष्कृतकर्मा (upanidhibhirasukhakṛtsa paramanirayago bhṛśamasukhama- nubhavati duṣkṛtakarmā) Mb.12.321.31.

Derivable forms: upanidhiḥ (उपनिधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upanidhi (उपनिधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) A deposit, a pledge, property put into the care of a creditor, friend, &c. E. upa and ni before dhā to have, ka affix; in law this word ordinarily implies more especially a sealed or enclosed deposit, but according to some, it is any article entrusted to a friend which he may use whilst in his keeping.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upanidhi (उपनिधि).—[masculine] deposit, [especially] a sealed one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upanidhi (उपनिधि):—[=upa-nidhi] [from upani-dhā] m. a deposit, pledge, property put under the care of a creditor, friend etc. (generally a sealed deposit, but also any article intrusted to a friend which he may use whilst in his keeping), [Manu-smṛti viii, 145, etc.; Yājñavalkya ii, 25; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] a ray of light, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Vasu-deva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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