Upana, aka: Upāna; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Upāna (उपान) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Upāna (उपान, “bed-slad”) refers to a type of moulding commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭāna or upapīṭha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Upāna (उपान).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—This is not part of the plinth proper, but a foundation platform of rectangular profile raising the jagatī from the ground. Often it is hidden or barely visible, but may consists of several stepped courses, particularly where a temple is build on sloping ground.

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Upāna (उपान) is the lowest moulding. It is always rectilinear in shape. Upāna is generally plain and devoid of ornamentation. Sometimes it contains a horizontal thin indentation on its top. In a few temples, upāna is ornamented with bhāravāhakas. If upapīṭha is constructed below the adhiṣṭāna, upāna may or may not be present. Upāna always projects forward from all the other mouldings of the plinth.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

upaṇā (उपणा).—m Boiled simples or leaves for a fomentation. v śijava, kara, lāva, bāndha. 2 (Revilingly.) Badly boiled rice; as bhātācā u0 vāḍhalā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upana (उपन).—1 P.

1) To come to, arrive at, approach, bend or tend towards.

2) To befall, fall to the lot of, occur, happen (used by itself or with gen., dat., or acc. of person); मत्संभोगः कथमुपनमेत् स्वप्नजोऽपि (matsaṃbhogaḥ kathamupanamet svapnajo'pi) Me.92; तत्तस्योपन- मेत् (tattasyopana- met) Bh.2.121; अन्ध आत्मने नोपनमति (andha ātmane nopanamati) Bhāg.; उपैनं सहस्रं नमति (upainaṃ sahasraṃ namati) Ait. Br.

3) To share in. -Caus.

1) To lead towards, introduce (with gen.).

2) To offer, give.

Derivable forms: upanam (उपनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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