Upana, Upāna: 7 definitions



Upana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Upāna (उपान) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Upāna (उपान, “bed-slad”) refers to a type of moulding commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭāna or upapīṭha.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Upāna (उपान).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—This is not part of the plinth proper, but a foundation platform of rectangular profile raising the jagatī from the ground. Often it is hidden or barely visible, but may consists of several stepped courses, particularly where a temple is build on sloping ground.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

Upāna (उपान) is the lowest moulding. It is always rectilinear in shape. Upāna is generally plain and devoid of ornamentation. Sometimes it contains a horizontal thin indentation on its top. In a few temples, upāna is ornamented with bhāravāhakas. If upapīṭha is constructed below the adhiṣṭāna, upāna may or may not be present. Upāna always projects forward from all the other mouldings of the plinth.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upāna.—(SITI), the first moulding above the plinth, in the construction of temples. Note: upāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upaṇā (उपणा).—m Boiled simples or leaves for a fomentation. v śijava, kara, lāva, bāndha. 2 (Revilingly.) Badly boiled rice; as bhātācā u0 vāḍhalā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upana (उपन).—1 P.

1) To come to, arrive at, approach, bend or tend towards.

2) To befall, fall to the lot of, occur, happen (used by itself or with gen., dat., or acc. of person); मत्संभोगः कथमुपनमेत् स्वप्नजोऽपि (matsaṃbhogaḥ kathamupanamet svapnajo'pi) Me.92; तत्तस्योपन- मेत् (tattasyopana- met) Bh.2.121; अन्ध आत्मने नोपनमति (andha ātmane nopanamati) Bhāg.; उपैनं सहस्रं नमति (upainaṃ sahasraṃ namati) Ait. Br.

3) To share in. -Caus.

1) To lead towards, introduce (with gen.).

2) To offer, give.

Derivable forms: upanam (उपनम्).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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