Upadrava: 18 definitions


Upadrava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upadrav.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upadrava (उपद्रव) [=Sopadrava?] (Cf. Upaplava) refers to “suffering” or “destruction” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Vaiśākha cotton, gingelly and beans will be injured; the Ikṣvākus, the Yaudheyas, the Śakas and the Kaliṅgas will suffer [i.e., upadravasopadravāḥ]; but there will be prosperity over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upadrava in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Upadrava (उपद्रव) refers to “(great) havoc”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Thus with ardour, the king of the demons [i.e., Tāraka] performed the severe penance duly unbearable even to those who heard about it. O sage, in the process of such a penance, a huge mass of light shot up from his head and spread all round. It caused great havoc [i.e., maha-upadrava-kṛt]. All the worlds of the gods were well nigh consumed by it alone. O sage, all the celestial sages were hard hit and distressed. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Upadrava (उपद्रव) refers to “calamities”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“Now, at this moment, I will tell the highest-most teaching to be worshipped with this mantra, for the sake of peace from all calamities (sarva-upadrava-śānti-artha), resulting in the fruits of all Siddhis. [He worships] Deva as Tumburu in the middle of an eight petaled lotus, in the maṇḍala, [starting] in the East, O Devī. [The Sādhaka] honors the Lord who is ten-armed, five-faced, and three eyed, with the form and faces like Sadāśiva. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Upadrava (उपद्रव) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Upadrava).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Upadrava (उपद्रव) refers to “calamities”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Bhagavān taught the Heart-Mantra to Vajrapāṇi]: “Immediately after the Bhagavān had uttered this spell, the destroyer of all Nāgas and all malefactors and calamities (upadrava), all the great Nāgas got headaches, their bodies became putrid, stinking and foul-smelling. They fell at the feet of the Bhagavān and said, “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful mantrapadas have been uttered. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upadrava (उपद्रव).—m (S) Trouble, disturbance, annoyance, molestation, harassment. 2 (Par excellence.) Demoniac possession.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upadrava (उपद्रव).—m Trouble, disturbance, annoy- ance, molestation, harassment. De. moniac possession.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव).—

1) An unhappy accident, misfortune, calamity.

2) Injury, trouble, harm; पुंसामसमर्थानामुपद्रवाया- त्मनो भवेत्कोपः (puṃsāmasamarthānāmupadravāyā- tmano bhavetkopaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.324; निरुपद्रवं स्थानम् (nirupadravaṃ sthānam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

3) Outrage, violence.

4) A national distress (whether caused by the king or famine, seasons &c.).

5) A national disturbance, rebellion.

6) A symptom, a supervenient disease (one brought on whilst a person is suffering from another).

7) The sixth part of a Vedi sāman consisting of seven limbs. अथ सप्तविधस्य वाचि सप्तविधं सामोपासीत (atha saptavidhasya vāci saptavidhaṃ sāmopāsīta) ...... यदुपेति स उपद्रवः (yadupeti sa upadravaḥ) Ch. Up.2.8.2.

8) A servant; अनृय्यजुरसामा च प्राजापत्य उपद्रवः (anṛyyajurasāmā ca prājāpatya upadravaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.6.44.

9) Loss, waste; अष्टकापितृदेवत्यमित्ययं प्रसृतो जनः । अन्नस्योपद्रवं पश्य मृतो हि किमशिष्यति (aṣṭakāpitṛdevatyamityayaṃ prasṛto janaḥ | annasyopadravaṃ paśya mṛto hi kimaśiṣyati) || Rām.2.18.14.

Derivable forms: upadravaḥ (उपद्रवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Tyranny, oppression. 2. National distress, whether the act of the seasons or the king, famine, exaction, &c. 3. National commotion, rebellion. 4. Violence. 5. A supervenient disease, one brought on whilst a person labours under another. E. upa, dru to go, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव).—i. e. upa-dru + a, m. 1. Distress, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 108, 14; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 368. 2. Mischief, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव).—[masculine] misfortune, calamity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upadrava (उपद्रव):—[=upa-drava] [from upa-dru] m. that which attacks or occurs suddenly, any grievous accident, misfortune, calamity, mischief, national distress (such as famine, plague, oppression, eclipse, etc.)

2) [v.s. ...] national commotion, rebellion

3) [v.s. ...] violence, outrage, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a supervenient disease or one brought on whilst a person labours under another, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] the fourth of the five parts of a Sāman stanza, [ṢaḍvBr.] [commentator or commentary] on [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव):—[upa-drava] (vaḥ) 1. m. Oppression; a portent; violence; rebellion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upadrava (उपद्रव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uddavaa, Uvadava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upadrava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upadrava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Upadrava (उपद्रव) [Also spelled upadrav]:—(nm) riot, disturbance: mischief; tumult, kick-up.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upadrava (ಉಪದ್ರವ):—

1) [noun] an annoying or being annoyed; annoyance; infliction.

2) [noun] any extreme misfortune bringing great loss and sorrow; disaster; calamity; deep trouble or misery.

3) [noun] sickness; any departure from good health; a disease.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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