Upadrashtri, Upadraṣṭṛ: 7 definitions



Upadrashtri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upadraṣṭṛ can be transliterated into English as Upadrastr or Upadrashtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upadrashtri in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ) refers to the “witness” (i.e., of the universe) and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“O patriarch, listen to another statement of mine with a clear conscience. Although it is based on the qualitative aspect it is esoteric. For the sake of virtue I shall tell you. Brahmā, Viṣṇu and I constitute the chief cause of the universe. But I am the soul, the witness (Upadraṣṭṛ), self-seer and without attributes. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of upadrashtri or upadrastr in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upadrashtri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ).—a. Seeing, overlooking. m.

1) A supervisor. inspector; आर्यावर्तमुपद्रष्ट्रे सदस्येभ्यस्ततः परम् (āryāvartamupadraṣṭre sadasyebhyastataḥ param) Bhāg.9.16.22,

2) A witness; उपद्रष्टानुमन्ता च (upadraṣṭānumantā ca) Bg.13.22; त्रिभिः साक्षाद् दृष्टं भवति यश्च ददाति यस्मै च दीयते यश्चोपद्रष्टा (tribhiḥ sākṣād dṛṣṭaṃ bhavati yaśca dadāti yasmai ca dīyate yaścopadraṣṭā) Mahābhārata on V.2.91.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ).—mfn. (-ṣṭā-ṣṭrī-ṣṭṛ) Supervisor, inspector, overseeing, overlooking. E. upa before dṛś to see, tṛc affix, the vowel changed to ra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ).—i. e. upa-dṛś + tṛ, m. A spectator, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 13, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ).—[masculine] supervisor, witness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ):—[=upa-draṣṭṛ] [from upa-dṛś] m. a looker-on, spectator

2) [v.s. ...] a witness, [Atharva-veda xi, 3, 59; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kāṭhaka; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadraṣṭṛ (उपद्रष्टृ):—[upa-draṣṭṛ] (ṣṭā) 4. m. Supervisor.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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