Upaghata, aka: Upaghāta; 8 Definition(s)
Upaghata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Upaghāta (उपघात) refers to one of the four limbs (aṅga) belonging to Prāveśikī type of song (dhruvā) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.9-16. Accordingly, “depending on different conditions, the dhruvās are known to be of five classes”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Jainism)
Upaghāta (उपघात, “offence”) refers to “disregard to the keepers and instruments of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.
Upaghāta is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Upaghāta (उपघात).—What is meant by disparagement of true knowledge (upaghāta)? Blaming or calling false the true knowledge is disparagement of true knowledge (upaghāta)’.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Upaghāta (उपघात) refers to “self-annihilation” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by self annihilation (upaghāta) body-making karma? The karmas rising of which causes attainment of major and minor limbs that cause self destruction (like horns of a dear) are called self annihilation body-making karma.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
upaghāta : (m.) jolting; sudden jerk.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Upaghāta, (fr. upa + (g)han, cp. ghāta) hurting, injuring, injury M. III, 237; S. II, 218; IV, 323 sq.; A. III, 173; Th. 1, 583; Miln. 274, 307, 347; DA. I, 273. an° not hurting others, kindness Dh. 185. (Page 140)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
upaghāta (उपघात).—m (A lax formation with upa & ghāta) A blow of misfortune or evil; any adverse occurrence. Ex. tū sumuhūrttāvara nigha mhaṇajē ghāta u0 sārē vāralē.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Upaghāta (उपघात).—See under उपहन् (upahan).
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1) A stroke, injury, insult; Ms.2.179; राजदैवोपघातेन पण्ये दोषमुपागते (rājadaivopaghātena paṇye doṣamupāgate) Y.2.256.
2) Destruction, ruin.
3) Touch, contact (with an intention to hurt).
4) Personal violence, assault. मैत्रेय भोः किमिदमद्य ममो- पघातो (maitreya bhoḥ kimidamadya mamo- paghāto) Mk.9.29.
5) Disease, sickness.
Derivable forms: upaghātaḥ (उपघातः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Upaghātin (उपघातिन्).—a. Injuring, hurting, offending.See also (synonyms): upaghātaka.
Upaghātana, (nt.) (fr. upaghāta) hurting DhA. III, 237 (an°). (Page 140)
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Upaghātika, (adj.) (fr. upaghāta) injuring, offending Vin. II, 13. (Page 140)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Upaghata or Upaghāta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Tattva 4: Pāpa (sin) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Appendix 1.2: types of karma < [Appendices]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 1 - Various kinds of drinks < [Section I.5 - Abstention from liquor]
Section A.1 - Rejecting colors < [Part 2 - Means of acquiring meditation]
II. Synonymity of the three words < [Part 2 - Understanding dharmatā and its synonyms]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)