Upaghata, Upaghāta: 13 definitions

Introduction

Upaghata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Upaghāta (उपघात) refers to one of the four limbs (aṅga) belonging to Prāveśikī type of song (dhruvā) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.9-16. Accordingly, “depending on different conditions, the dhruvās are known to be of five classes”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Upaghāta (उपघात, “offence”) refers to “disregard to the keepers and instruments of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

Upaghāta is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Upaghāta (उपघात).—What is meant by disparagement of true knowledge (upaghāta)? Blaming or calling false the true knowledge is disparagement of true knowledge (upaghāta)’.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Upaghāta (उपघात) refers to “self-annihilation” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by self annihilation (upaghāta) body-making karma? The karmas rising of which causes attainment of major and minor limbs that cause self destruction (like horns of a dear) are called self annihilation body-making karma.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upaghata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upaghāta : (m.) jolting; sudden jerk.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upaghāta, (fr. upa + (g)han, cp. ghāta) hurting, injuring, injury M. III, 237; S. II, 218; IV, 323 sq.; A. III, 173; Th. 1, 583; Miln. 274, 307, 347; DA. I, 273. an° not hurting others, kindness Dh. 185. (Page 140)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upaghāta (उपघात).—m (A lax formation with upa & ghāta) A blow of misfortune or evil; any adverse occurrence. Ex. tū sumuhūrttāvara nigha mhaṇajē ghāta u0 sārē vāralē.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaghāta (उपघात).—See under उपहन् (upahan).

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Upaghāta (उपघात).—

1) A stroke, injury, insult; Ms.2.179; राजदैवोपघातेन पण्ये दोषमुपागते (rājadaivopaghātena paṇye doṣamupāgate) Y.2.256.

2) Destruction, ruin.

3) Touch, contact (with an intention to hurt).

4) Personal violence, assault. मैत्रेय भोः किमिदमद्य ममो- पघातो (maitreya bhoḥ kimidamadya mamo- paghāto) Mk.9.29.

5) Disease, sickness.

6) Sin.

Derivable forms: upaghātaḥ (उपघातः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upaghāṭa (उपघाट).—[, wrong em. in ed. Mahāvastu i.229.7; see aruṇod- ghāṭa.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaghāta (उपघात).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Disease, sickness. 2. Touch, contact, especially with an intent to injure. 3. Personal violence, assault. E. upa much, han to injure, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaghāta (उपघात).—i. e. upa-han, [Causal.], + a, m. Damage, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 256.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaghāta (उपघात):—[=upa-ghāta] a m. ([from] upa-√han q.v.), a stroke, hurt, violation

2) [v.s. ...] injury, damage, offence, wrong, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Śakuntalā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] weakness, sickness, disease, morbid affection (cf. puṃstvopa, svaropa), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of oblation or sacrifice, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha ii, 7.]

5) [=upa-ghāta] [from upa-han] b etc. See p. 197, col. 1.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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