Tura, Tuṟa: 16 definitions


Tura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tura (तुर).—The son of Kāvaṣa, and Purohita of Janamejaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 37.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Tūra (तूर) refers to a “skull”, according to Abhinava’s Tantrāloka verse 6.2-4.—Accordingly, “The places are said to be of three kinds: in the vital breath, in the body and outside (the body). The breath is five-fold in the body. (Thus, place) is of two kinds, according to whether it is outside (the body) or within (it). The external (places) are the maṇḍala, the sacrificial ground (sthaṇḍila), the (sacrificial) vessel (pātra), the rosary (akṣasūtra), the book (pustaka), the Liṅga, the skull (tūra), the cloth (paṭa), the image (made of papier-mâché) (pusta), the idol (pratimā), and the divine effigy (mūrti). Thus the outer (place) is of eleven kinds (each which are of) countless varieties”.

2) Tura (तुर) or Turatva [?] refers to “one who is greedy”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “[...] (Such a man) does not feel fear (even if) there is terrible cold or heat outside or he suffers a bad accident. He is very intelligent and his accomplishment is close at hand. He is not greedy [i.e., turasuniṣṭuratva] or sick and is forbearing. (His) urine is good and sweet smelling and (he passes) little stool. (He possesses) a serene beauty and the first sign of success in Yoga (that he displays) is its fine profundity. [??] and (instead of criticizing, he) praises the good qualities (of people) when they are out of sight”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tura in Nigeria is the name of a plant defined with Sorghum bicolor in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Holcus cernuus Ard. (among others).

2) Tura in Tanzania is also identified with Solanum anguivi It has the synonym Solanum richardii (Dunal) Lemée (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Histoire Naturelle, Médicale et Économique des Solanum (1813)
· Observationes Botanicae (1781)
· Fl. Guyane Franc. (1954)
· Am. Journal of Botany (1757)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1852)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1997)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tura, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tura, (adj.) (Vedic tura, cp. tvaraṇa) swift, quick; only in composition with °ga, etc., “going swiftly, ” denoting the horse; viz. turaga VvA. 279; turaṅga VvA. 281; Miln. 192 (gaja°, etc.), 352 (id.) 364; turaṅgama Dāvs. V, 56; turagamana PvA. 57. (Page 305)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

turā (तुरा).—m ( A) An ornament for the turban (of flowers, pearls, tinsel &c.); a plume or crest. kaḷīcā turā A garland of buds or half-blown flowers; phakaḍīcā turā A wreath of double-coroled or many-coroled flowers; cakrīcā turā A wreath of buds with a central flower, for the ridge of the turban; dulaḍī turā A plume of flowers having two pendulous strings; burajī turā A plume of flowers composed of successive circular flowerwreaths forming a bastion. Under this head may be disposed some other words of this department, expressing shades of distinction in which this language revels, and to which the Maraṭha people render the gravest attention; viz. gōla m A string or strings of flowers forming a sphere or mass with the stems turned inwards; cīpa f A string of flowers strung thinly and through the stems crosswise, so that the flowers hang clustering on both sides; paṭṭī f A string of flowers strung through their middle, so that they stand upright, one above another; kaṇṭhā m A large gōla (spherical mass) of flowers so strung that only the flowersappear. These all are stuck on festive occasions into the turban or hair. 2 The tufted head of certain flowers and vegetables; the bunch, topknot, tassel (as of sugarcane &c.) 3 A kind of lāvaṇī or amorous song,--that in which dēva is held to be supreme over prakṛti and in which the man courts and woos the woman: disting. from kalagī lāvaṇī. turā lāvaṇēṃ To perform great feats; to acquire renown. turā lāvūna phiraṇēṃ To strut about with effrontery; to brave out; to put a bold face on--a criminal.

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tūra (तूर).—f (tuvarī S) A pulse, Cytisus cajan. 2 A stalk of it. 3 A double-pointed nail, a toggel. 4 (Or turī) A weaver's beam. turīcī kāṭhī turīvara jhāḍāvī To do a matter in its proper place. turī hātāvara dēṇēṃ or dēūna paḷaṇēṃ To gull and run off.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

turā (तुरा).—m A plume, a crest. The bunch. A kind of amorous song. turā lāvaṇēṃ Acquire renown; perform great feats turā lāvuna phiraṇēṃ To go about with effron tery; to put a bold face on-a crimi- nal.

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tūra (तूर).—f A pulse, Cytisus cajan. A toggel. A weaver's beam. turī hātāvara dēṇēṃ-dēūna paḷaṇēṃ Gall and run off.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tura (तुर).—a. Ved.

1) Advancing, promoting.

2) Speedy, quick, prompt; Av.6.12.3.

3) Strong, energetic.

4) Hurt, wounded.

5) Rich.

6) Abundant; Av.7.5.2.

-raḥ Speed, velocity.

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Tūra (तूर).—a.

1) Hastening.

2) A courier.

-rā Speed; अदृश्यतूर्भिः (adṛśyatūrbhiḥ) Bhāgavata 2.7.37.

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Tūra (तूर).—A kind of musical instrument.

-rī A thorn-apple.

Derivable forms: tūram (तूरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tura (तुर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Quick, swift. E. tur to make haste, ka aff.

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Tūra (तूर).—n.

(-raṃ) Any musical instrument. f. (-rī) A trumpet. E. tūr to speed, affix ka . tūryate tāḍyate mukhamārutena tūra-ghañarthe karmaṇi ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tura (तुर).—1. [adjective] quick, eager, prompt, willing.

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Tura (तुर).—2. [adjective] strong, mighty, victorious, wealthy, abundant.

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Tura (तुर).—3. [adjective] hurt, wounded.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tura (तुर):—[from tur] 1. tura mfn. quick, willing, prompt, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda vi, 102, 3]

2) [v.s. ...] strong, powerful, excelling, rich, abundant, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda vii, 50, 2; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii; Kauśika-sūtra 91]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a preceptor and priest with the [patronymic] Kāvaṣeya, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix f., xiv; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) 2. tura mfn. hurt, [Ṛg-veda viii, 79, 2]

5) cf. ā-.

6) Tūrā (तूरा):—[from tūr] ind. [instrumental case] hastily, [Mahābhārata ii, 72, 10; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 7, 37.]

7) Tūra (तूर):—m. = rya2 [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) cf. ardha-

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tura (तुर):—(li) tutortti 1. a. To go quick.

2) [(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Quick, swift.

3) Tūra (तूर):—(raṃ) 1. n. Any musical instrument. () f. A trumpet.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Tura (तुर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tvar.

2) Tura (तुर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tvarā.

3) Tūra (तूर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tūrya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tura (ತುರ):—[noun] = ತುರಗ - [turaga -] 1.

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Tura (ತುರ):—

1) [noun] the act or state of moving rapidly; swiftness; quick motion.

2) [noun] the rate of movement or motion; velocity.

3) [noun] the rate or rapidity of any action.

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Turā (ತುರಾ):—[noun] = ತುರಾಯಿ [turayi]1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Tura (துர) [turattal] 12 verb cf. tur. [Malayalam: turat-tuka.] transitive

1. To drive, as an elephant; to beat away, as flies; ஓட்டிச் செலுத்துதல். தோட்டியான் முன்பு துரந்து [ottis seluthuthal. thottiyan munpu thuranthu] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 14, 4).

2. To shoot, as an arrow; to propel; எய்தல். சுரசரந் துரக்கும் [eythal. surasaran thurakkum] (கல்லாடம் [kalladam] 4).

3. To disperse, scatter; போக்குதல். இருளைத் துரந்திட்டு [pokkuthal. irulaith thuranthittu] (திருவாசகம் [thiruvasagam] 25, 1).

4. To direct, urge, encourage; தூண்டுதல். அரக்கர் பாவமு மல்லவ ரியற்றிய வறமுங் துரக்க நல்லரு டுரந்தனள் [thunduthal. arakkar pavamu mallava riyarriya varamung thurakka nallaru duranthanal] (கம்பராமாயணம் மந்தரை. [kambaramayanam mantharai.] 78).

5. To beat; அடித்தல். மகடூஉப் பகடுபுறந் துரப்ப [adithal. magaduup pagadupuran thurappa] (பத்துப்பாட்டு: பெரும்பாணாற்றுப்படை [pathuppattu: perumbanarruppadai] 58).

6. To drive in, hammer down, as a nail; முடுக்கி உட்செலுத்துதல். துரப்பமை யாணி [mudukki udseluthuthal. thurappamai yani] (பத்துப்பாட்டு: பொருநராற்றுப்படை [pathuppattu: porunararruppadai] 10).

7. To tunnel, bore; துளைத்தல். [thulaithal.] Nāñ.intransitive

1. To be active; to make efforts; முயலுதல். அரும்பொருள் வேட்கையி னுள்ளந் துரப்ப [muyaluthal. arumborul vedkaiyi nullan thurappa] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 18).

2. To go; போதல் [pothal]

3. To blow, rage, as a tempest; வீசுதல். வளிதுரந்தக்கண்ணும் [visuthal. valithuranthakkannum] (புறப்பொருள்வெண்பாமாலை [purapporulvenpamalai] 9, 12).

4. To burn, as fire; எரிதல். அங்கியு மவனெதிர் துரந்தான் [erithal. angiyu mavanethir thuranthan] (கந்தபு. மார்க்கண். [kanthapu. markkan.] 135).

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Turā (துரா) noun

1. Mixed metal of copper and spelter. See தரா. [thara.]

2. Earth smoke,

1. shrub, Fumaria parviflora; செடிவகை. [sedivagai.] (M. M. 686.)

3. See திராய். [thiray.] (M. M. 902.)

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Tuṟa (துற) [tuṟattal] 4 transitive verb [K. toṟe.]

1. To renounce worldly pleasures; to become an ascetic; பற்றற்றுத் துறவு பூணுதல். நல்லறிவாளர் குழவியிடத்தே துறந்தார் [parrarruth thuravu punuthal. nallarivalar kuzhaviyidathe thuranthar] (நாலடியார் [naladiyar], 11).

2. To leave, relinquish, forsake, quit, abandon, desert, reject, discard; கைவிடுதல். தாவறத் துறந்தாரை [kaividuthal. thavarath thurantharai] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 118). தம்மைத் துறக்குந் துணிவிலாதார் [thammaith thurakkun thunivilathar] (நாலடியார் [naladiyar], 78). — transitive & intransitive To neglect, dispense with, omit, avoid; நீங்குதல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) புலவுப்புலி துறந்த கலவுக்கழி கடுமுடை [ninguthal. (sudamaninigandu) pulavuppuli thurantha kalavukkazhi kadumudai] (அகநா. [agana.] 3).

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Tūra (தூர) adverb < dūra. Afar, away, off; விலக. தூற்றாதே தூர விடல் [vilaga. thurrathe thura vidal] (நாலடியார் [naladiyar], 75).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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