Atura, Ātura, Āturā: 21 definitions


Atura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Atur.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7 (shaivism)

Āturā (आतुरा) refers to one of the twenty-four names of the Lāmās, according to the 8th-centry Jayadratha-yāmala.—While describing the special practices of the Lāmās mentions the special language to be used with them. This language is described as monosyllabic (ekākṣara-samullāpa) and may thus be considered to have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan family as the Lamas themselves belonged to the Tibetan group of mystics. The Lāmās [viz., Āturā], according to this language, had 24 different names.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ātura (आतुर) refers to “diseases”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If on the other hand he should appear otherwise than as described above, the same persons and objects will suffer miseries and people will also suffer from wars and from diseases (gada-ātura) and kings will be afflicted with sorrow. Though free from enemies, princes will suffer from the intrigues of their sons or ministers. Their subjects, suffering from drought, will quit their native cities and resort to new towns and mountains”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ātura (आतुर) refers to “torment” (as oppose to Anātura—‘being free from torment’), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] Then, in the third year, he is not hurt by noxious [animals] such as snakes. In the fourth year, he is free from [any] torment (anātura), thirst, sleep, cold and heat. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ātura (आतुर) refers to “becoming distressed”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, after Śiva mounted his divine chariot: “[...] The horses constituted by the Vedas fell headlong to the ground. The earth quaked. The mountains became tremulous. Śeṣa, unable to bear his weight, became distressed (ātura) and soon began to tremble [cakaṃpe sahasā śeṣo'soḍhā tadbhāramāturaḥ]. Lord Viṣṇu assumed the form of a lordly bull and went under the chariot. He lifted it up and steadied it for a short while. But in another instant, unable to bear the weighty splendour of lord Śiva seated in the chariot, the lordly bull had to kneel down and crawl on the ground. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ātura : (adj.) affected with; sick; deceased.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ātura, (adj.) (Sk. ātura, cp. BSk. ātura, e.g. Jtm 3170) ill, sick, diseased; miserable, affected S. III, 1 (°kāya); A. I, 250; Sn. 331; Vv 8314 (°rūpa = abhitunna-kāya VvA. 328); J. I, 197 (°anna “food of the miserable”, i.e. last meal of one going to be killed; C. expls. as maraṇabhojana), 211 (°citta); II, 420 (°anna, as above); III, 201; V, 90, 433; VI, 248; Miln. 139, 168; DhA. I, 31 (°rūpa); PvA. 160, 161; VvA. 77; Sdhp. 507. Used by Commentators as syn. of aṭṭo, e.g. at J. IV, 293; SnA 489. —anātura healthy, well, in good condition S. III, 1; Dh. 198. (Page 98)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ātura (आतुर).—a (S) Hurried, impatient, excited, distressed, perplexed. In comp. as cintātura, kṣudhātura, tṛṣātura, kāmātura, lōbhātura, śōkātura, bhayātura, rōgātura. Ex. kāmāturāṇāṃ na bhayaṃ na lajjā || arthā- turāṇāṃ na pitā na mātā || kṣudhāturāṇāṃ na ruci rna pachuṃ || cintāturāṇāṃ na sukhaṃ na nidrā ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ātura (आतुर).—a Excited; impatient. ātura sannyāsa Relinquishment of worldly pleasure after such pleasure becomes impossi- ble to obtain. Cf. 'Making virtue of a necessity.'

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atura (अतुर).—a. Ved. Not rich or liberal.

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Ātura (आतुर).—a. [īṣadarthe ā, at-urac]

1) Hurt, injured.

2) Suffering from, influenced or affected by, tormented, afflicted; रावणावरजा तत्र राघवं मदनातुरा (rāvaṇāvarajā tatra rāghavaṃ madanāturā) R.12.32; Kumārasambhava 4. 25; so काम°, भय°, व्याधि° (kāma°, bhaya°, vyādhi°) &c.

3) Sick (in body or mind), disabled, diseased; आकाशेशास्तु विज्ञेया बालवृद्धकृशातुराः (ākāśeśāstu vijñeyā bālavṛddhakṛśāturāḥ) Manusmṛti 4.184,6.77.

4) Eager, over-anxious; M.2.

5) Weak, feeble, incapable of doing anything.

-raḥ 1 A patient, one suffering from a disease V.3; आतुराणां चिकित्सकाः (āturāṇāṃ cikitsakāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.155.

2) Illness, disease; आतुरे व्यसने प्राप्ते (āture vyasane prāpte) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.41.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atura (अतुर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Deliberate, not in haste. E. a neg. tura for tvarā haste.

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Ātura (आतुर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Diseased. E. āṅ before tura to hasten, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātura (आतुर).—adj., f. . 1. Discased, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 36. 2. Wounded, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 19, 3. Agitated by a morbid desire; pradharṣayitum āturaḥ, Desirous to violate her, [Nala] 11, 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātura (आतुर).—[adjective] diseased, sick, suffering from (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atura (अतुर):—[=a-tura] mfn. not liberal, not rich, [Atharva-veda]

2) Ātura (आतुर):—[=ā-tura] mf(ā)n. suffering, sick (in body or mind), [Ṛg-veda viii; Atharva-veda xi, 101, 2, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] diseased or pained by (in [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] desirous of (Inf.) (cf. an-ātura.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atura (अतुर):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-raḥ) (ved.) Not liberal. E. a neg. and tura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atura (अतुर):—[a-tura] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Slow.

2) Ātura (आतुर):—[ā-tura] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Diseased.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ātura (आतुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ātura (आतुर) [Also spelled atur]:—(a) rash, hasty; restless.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ātura (ಆತುರ):—

1) [noun] = ಆತುರಗಾರ [aturagara].

2) [noun] one who is suffering from, seized by; an agitated, diseased or injured man.

3) [noun] a strong desire; eagerness; craving.

4) [noun] the act of hurrying recklessly; haste; hustle.

5) [noun] ಆತುರದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಯ್ದುಕೊಂಡ ಮೂಗು ಸಮಾಧಾನದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರುವುದಿಲ್ಲ [aturadalli koydukomda mugu samadhanadalli baruvudilla] āturadalli koydukoṇḍa mūgu samādhānadalli baruvudilla patience reward is better than repentance for rashness; ಆತುರದಿಂದ ಗೋತ್ರ ಕೆಟ್ಟಿತು [aturadimda gotra kettitu] āturadinda gōtra keṭṭitu hurry spoils curry; haste is waste.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Ātura (आतुर):—adj. sick; wounded; impatient; anxious;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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