Dhura: 10 definitions

Introduction

Dhura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhura : (nt.) 1. an office; responsibility; a charge; 2. a yoke; 3. the shaft of a carriage; 4. the forepart. (adj.) foremost; near.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhura, (m. & nt.) (Sk. dhur f. & dhura m.) 1. a yoke, a pole, the shaft of a carriage J.I, 192 (purima-sakaṭa°), 196; Cp. II.8, 4.—2. (fig.) a burden, load, charge, office, responsibility Sn.256 (vahanto porisaṃ dh °ṃ “carrying a human yoke”=purisânucchavikā bhārā SnA 299), 694 (asama° one who has to bear a heavy burden=asamaviriya SnA 489); DhA.II, 97 (sama°); dve dhurāni two burdens (viz. gantha° & vipassanā, study & contemplation) DhA.I, 7; IV, 37; asamadhura J.I, 193; VI, 330. Three dhurā are enumerated at J.IV, 242 as saddhā°, sīla°, and paññā°.- Sdhp.355 (saddhā°), 392 (+viriya), 413 (paññā°) dh °ṃ nikkhipati to take off the yoke, to put down a burden, to give up a charge or renounce a responsibility (see °nikkhepa): nikkhittadhura A.I, 71; II, 148; III, 65, 108, 179 sq.; S.V, 197, 225; Nd2 131; SnA 236 (=dhuravant).—3. the forepart of anything, head, top, front; fig. chief, leader, leading part. nāvāya dh. the forecastle of a ship J.III, 127=IV.142; dh-vāta head wind J.I, 100; ekaṃ dh °ṃ nīharati to set aside a foremost part DA.I, 135. ‹-› 4. the far end, either as top or beginning J.III, 216 (yāva dh-sopānā); IV, 265 (dh-sopānaṃ katvā making the staircase end); V, 458 (magga-dhure ṭhatvā standing on the far end or other side of the road, i.e. opposite; gloss BB maggantare); VvA.44 (dh-gehassa dvāre at the door of the top house of the village, i.e. the first or last house).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhurā (धुरा).—m P (dhūra Extremity of the shafts.) The border or boundary of a village or field. 2 Applied by meton. to the object marking it; as gāṃvacā dhurā hā dhōṇḍāca. 2 fig. Term, prescribed period, assigned limit; as rōkhyācā dhurā, dhurā bharalā, dhuṛyācē tīna haphatē bākī rāhilē. Also by meton. The last instalment or payment. dhuṛyācā-baila-ghōḍā-&c. A thill-bullock-horse &c., a thiller or limmer.

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dhurā (धुरा).—m W (dhurya S or from dhūra) A term used scornfully, and as our Mighty clever fellow, Prodigy &c. See dhurandhara.

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dhūra (धूर).—f (dhur S) The shafts or pole of a cart or carriage. 2 The thill-yoke or the thillers of a team. 3 The instep; and by meton. the part of a shoe or sandal which covers it. 4 (Esp. in poetry. ) The front or fore part. Ex. hāta pasarūṃ aiśā dhurēṃ || jyācēṃ kalpāntīṃ na sarē ||.

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dhūra (धूर).—m (dhūmra S) Smoke. 2 An overlay or a wash (of gold or silver). 3 fig. Absorption or abstract engagedness of and in; as tyācā tyā kāmānta dhūra āhē. 4 fig. Blinding influence of, (the smoke of,) as garvācā-vidyēcā-dhanācā or paikyācā-adhikārācā- dhūra. 5 Sense of heat in a part (as from the pressure of a load or long continuance of a posture). v uṭha, nigha, lāga, hō. 6 Vapor or heated air proceeding from ears, nose, mouth, after eating piquant dishes or spices. 7 Haze, or dusky suffusion over the heavens. v uṭha, nigha, hō. dhūra dēṇēṃ or dākhaviṇēṃ (To fumigate or smoke.) fig. To trick, gull, befool, bamboozle. dhurāvara dharaṇēṃ To harass or torment grievously.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhūra (धूर).—f The pole of a cart or carriage. The instep.

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dhūra (धूर).—m Smoke. An overlay or a wash (of gold or silver).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhura (धुर).—(At the end of comp.)

1) A yoke, pole.

2) Burden.

3) A pin at the end of an axle &c.; see धुर् (dhur).

Derivable forms: dhuraḥ (धुरः).

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Dhurā (धुरा).—A burden, load; रणधुरा (raṇadhurā) Ve.3.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhura (धुर).—subst. and adj. (= Pali id.; Sanskrit dhur, both mgs., and dhura, at least meaning 1, in less technical sense), (1) burden, especially religious obligation or duty (in Pali, e.g., gantha, study of texts, vipassanā, reflection, saddhā, sīla, paññā): dhura-(so mss., to be kept; Senart em. [Page286-a+ 71] dhuta-)-buddhinām (sc. of Bodhisattvas) Mahāvastu i.86.2, having their minds occupied with their religious obligations; dhura- dhīrāḥ i.90.13, firm in their religious obligations (also Bo- dhisattvas); pravrājayāmi, śāsane dhuram unnāmayatīti Divyāvadāna 487.28; (2) ifc., best, most excellent (compare [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. dhur 3, end): pramadavaradhurā(ḥ) Lalitavistara 326.2 (verse), so read with best ms. for Lefm. °vara madhurā, which is unmetrical(ly) and disproved by Tibetan bu moḥi naṅ na gces mchog, the most excellent and best among girls.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurā (धुरा).—f.

(-rā) A burthen, a load. E. dhurbba to hurt, affixes ka and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhura (धुर).—i. e. dhṛ + a, I. m. A yoke, Mahābhārata 7, 3675. Ii. m. and f. dhurā dhurā, A burthen, Mahābhārata 13, 4879; [Pañcatantra] 26, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhura (धुर):—[from dhur] m. yoke, pole, burden, peg of the axle ([especially] ifc.), [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. having anything as chief (foremost) part or ingredient, distinguished by (ifc.), [Bālarāmāyaṇa i, 11]

3) Dhurā (धुरा):—[from dhura > dhur] a f. burden, load, [Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] pole, shaft, [Pañcatantra i, 22/23.]

5) b ind. (√dhvṛ) violently, hurtfully, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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