Upendravajra, Upendravajrā, Upendra-vajra: 7 definitions

Introduction

Upendravajra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (U) next»] — Upendravajra in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the third, the sixth, the seventh, the ninth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).

⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Upendravajrā falls in the Triṣṭup (Triṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eleven syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—If the first syllable of each of the quarters in a verse of the metre Indravajrā is short, then the metre is styled as the Upendravajrā. It contains eleven syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ja, ta and ja. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (U) next»] — Upendravajra in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Upendravajrā) in 20 verses.

2) Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., upendra-vajrā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

3) Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

4) Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the upendra-vajrā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upendravajra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा).—f. Name of a metre; see App.

Upendravajrā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms upendra and vajrā (वज्रा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा).—f.

(-jrā) A species of the Trishtubh metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा).—[feminine] [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upendravajrā (उपेन्द्रवज्रा):—[=upendra-vajrā] [from upendra] f. Name of a metre (consisting of four lines of eleven instants each).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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