Trishikha, Triśikha, Triśikhā, Tri-shikha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Trishikha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Triśikha and Triśikhā can be transliterated into English as Trisikha or Trishikha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Triśikha (त्रिशिख) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Triśikha) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Triśikha (त्रिशिख) refers to a “trident”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.8 (“The battle between the gods and Asuras”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Regaining consciousness quickly Tāraka the excellent Asura got up and forcefully hit Vīrabhadra with his spear. In the same manner, the heroic Vīrabhadra of great brilliance hit Tāraka with his sharp terrible trident (triśikha). The powerful king of the Asuras, the heroic Tāraka, hit Vīrabhadra again with spear. [...]”.

2) Triśikha (त्रिशिख) is the name of a Gaṇeśvara (attendant of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, as Śiva with the Gods attacked Tripura: “[...] O great Brahmins, all the Gaṇeśvaras went to the three cities. Who can enumerate them fully? I shall mention a few. These were the important ones who were there—[e.g., Triśikha] [...]. These and other innumerable lords of Gaṇas who cannot be characterised and classified surrounded Śiva and went ahead. [...] They were capable of burning the entire world including the mobile and immobile beings, within a trice by their very thought. Surrounding Śiva, the great lord, they went ahead. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Triśikha (त्रिशिख).—Was Indra of the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 28.

1b) The Veda-Vyāsa of the eleventh Dvāpara, see Trivarṣa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 14.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Triśikhā (त्रिशिखा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.90) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Triśikhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa

Triśikha (त्रिशिख) refers to “three-pronged arrows” and represents one of the various weapons equipped by the Daityas in their war against Lalitā, according to the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 4.22. Accordingly, “[...] thereupon, crores of Daityas producing reverberating chattering noise furiously prepared themselves (to fight) against Parameśvarī (Lalitā). [...] Crores of Daityas were fully equipped with coats of mail and had the following weapons and missiles in their hands [viz.:  Triśikhas (three-pronged arrows)], and thousands of similar weapons and missiles very dreadful and capable of destroying living beings”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Triśikhā (त्रिशिखा).—Name of a commentary on the Paribhasendusekhara written by Laksminrsimha in the 18th century.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Triśikhā (त्रिशिखा) or Triśikhāmudrā refers to the “gesture of the three flames”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Like mantra and vidyā, this [mudrā] too is an aspect of the goddess and hence a form of the Command [i.e., ājñā]. In this context Gesture (mudrā) is not some outer movement or positioning of the hands. It is the energy of Kuṇḍalinī that stimulates and directs its rise through the subtle body. By practicing the triśikhā-mudrā (the Gesture of the Three Flames), for example, it is said that “the Command is at its most intense” within the body.

2) Triśikhā (त्रिशिखा) or Triśikhāmudrā is the name of the Gesture (mudrā) associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.

3) Triśikha (त्रिशिख) refers to one of the eight Bhairavas (bhairava-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Bhairavas: Candrapūrṇa, Tṛpta, Triśira, Triśikha, Trimūrti, Trailokya, Ḍāmara, Mārtaṇḍa.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Triśikha (त्रिशिख) refers to “that which possesses three tails” and is used to describe certain Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Ketus or comets that appear bright like the moon, silver, snow, white jasmine and the white water lily are the sons of the moon; they appear in the north and are in number; when they appear mankind will be happy. A single comet possessing three tails [i.e., triśikha] and three colours is called Brahmadaṇḍa (born of the creator); it appears anywhere; when it appears the world will come to an end. Thus have been stated briefly 101 Ketus and we will now proceed to state clearly the 1,000 Ketus already referred to”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Trishikha in India is the name of a plant defined with Aegle marmelos in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Feronia pellucida Roth (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1800)
· Taxon (1979)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (2003)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Taxon (1981)
· Pl. Coast Corom. (1798)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Trishikha, for example side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

triśikha (त्रिशिख).—a S Three-crested, three-peaked, three-headed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trishikha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triśikha (त्रिशिख).—

1) a trident; तदापतद्वै त्रिशिखं गरुत्मते (tadāpatadvai triśikhaṃ garutmate) Bhāgavata 1.59.9.

2) a crown or crest (with three points).

Derivable forms: triśikham (त्रिशिखम्).

Triśikha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and śikha (शिख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśikha (त्रिशिख).—mfn.

(-khaḥ-khā-khaṃ) Three-crested, three-headed. n.

(-khaṃ) 1. A crest, a tiara with three points. 2. A trident, a three pronged spear. m.

(-khaḥ) The son of Ravana, a demon with three heads. E. tri three, and śikhā a crest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśikha (त्रिशिख).—[adjective] = seq.; [neuter] trident.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Triśikhā (त्रिशिखा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Paribhāṣenduśekharaṭīkā by Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha. Hz. 251.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Triśikha (त्रिशिख):—[=tri-śikha] [from tri] mf(ā)n. three-pointed, trident-shaped, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, v f.]

2) [v.s. ...] three-flamed, [Harivaṃśa 12292]

3) [v.s. ...] = -śākha, [Mahābhārata i; Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra i, 15, 24/25; iv, 4, 4/5]

4) [v.s. ...] m. = -śākha-pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a Rakṣas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Indra in Tāmasa’s Manv-antara, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 1]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a trident, [Kathāsaritsāgara lv, ci, cvii]

8) [v.s. ...] a three-pointed tiara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśikha (त्रिशिख):—[tri-śikha] (khaḥ) 1. m. The son of Rāvana. n. A crest; a trident. a. Three-crested, three-headed.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trishikha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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