Trisama, Trisāmā, Trisāma, Tri-sama, Trishama: 9 definitions


Trisama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Trisāmā (त्रिसामा).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa, from the Mahendra hill.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 106; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 13.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Trisāma (त्रिसाम) is the name of a ceremony performed for the purpose of welcoming the gods and bidding them farewell, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “By means of the first Sāman arising from the mouth of Brahman who creates, stabilizes and destroys all the living and non-living objects, he (i.e. the singer) pleases very much the moon on the left, the serpents on the right, and the creatures of water who are between these two. By the second Sāman he pleases the Munis (sages) and by the wide and great third Sāman the gods in general. As one thus pleases in due order the gods by the three Sāmans, so the wise are to know them as the Trisāma”.

Also, “at the end of this (i.e. Trisāma), after following the procedure of the Preliminaries, one should perform the Bahirgītas in three tempos with the drumming which will follow the song in its metre and syllables. At the application of the Āsārita song, one should perform the drumming of the Tattva and Anugata Prakṛti. When after the Trisāma the Pratyāhāra etc. have reached their end, then the drumming is to begin”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Trisama (त्रिसम).—1. Equilateral triangle. 2. Trapezium with three equal sides. Note: Tri-sama is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trisama (त्रिसम).—a. (in geom.) having three equal sides, equilateral.

Trisama is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and sama (सम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trisama (त्रिसम).—n.

(-maṃ) An aggregate of three like or equal things. E. tri, and sama same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛṣama (तृषम):—See tri-ṣ.

2) Triṣama (त्रिषम):—[=tri-ṣama] [from tri] mfn. ‘triply even’, small, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 2] ([varia lectio])

3) Trisama (त्रिसम):—[=tri-sama] [from tri] mfn. having 3 equal sides (a quadrangle)

4) [v.s. ...] having 3 equal parts of the body, [Rāmāyaṇa [Bombay edition] v, 35, 17]

5) [v.s. ...] n. an aggregate of equal parts of 3 substances (yellow myrobalan, ginger, and molasses), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Trisāmā (त्रिसामा):—[=tri-sāmā] [from tri] f. Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 3, 13; Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 19.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trisama (त्रिसम):—[tri-sama] (maṃ) 1. n. Three things alike.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trisama in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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