Rivers in Ancient India (study)

by Archana Sarma | 2019 | 49,356 words

This page relates ‘List of rivers as found in the Puranas’ of the study on the rivers in ancient India as reflected in the Vedic and Puranic texts. These pages dicsusses the elements of nature and the importance of rivers (Nadi) in Vedic and Puranic society. Distinctive traits of rivers are investigated from descriptions found in the Vedas (Samhitas), Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads and Puranas. The research is concluded by showing changing trends of rivers from ancient to modern times.

12. List of rivers as found in the Purāṇas

Sl. No. Rivers Names Names of the Purāṇas with references
1 Alakānandā Kūrma Purāṇa, 46.29,3
2 Antaḥśīlā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.35
3 Bāhudā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
4 Balākā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
5 Bhīmarathī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.36
6 Bhadrā Kūrma Purāṇa, 46.2
7 Chandrabhāga Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.75
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.28
Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.3.10
8 Carmaṇvatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
9 Citrakūtā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32
10 Candanā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
11 Citrotpalā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.33
12 Devikā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47. 29
13 Dhūtapāpā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
14 Dṛṣadvatī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 10.71.22
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.74
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
15 Daśārṇā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32
16 Durgā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.35
17 Gaṅgā Agni Purāṇa, 111.1-3;110.1,2,3,4,5,6
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.10.3&ch.,10
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 9.8.29
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 3.56.40-45;3.56.46-48;3.56.48-51
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.24;7.14;29.5-8
Nārada Purāṇa, 6.12,15,16,27,33,63,69;43.89-90;43.95,96;43.101-103;43.108;43.112 &ch.,16
Padma Purāṇa, 1.62.53-56;1.62.64,66,68,73,76
Vāyu Purāṇa, ch., 47
18 Godavarī Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.66
    Kurma Purāna, 47.36
19 Gomatī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.17,18;10.79.9,11;
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
20 Irāvatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
21 Kauśikī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
22 Kṛṣṇā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.36
23 Kṣīprā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.39
24 Kuhu Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
25 Krṣṇavenikā Guruḍa Purāṇa, 6.65
26 Kāverī Guruḍa Purāṇa, 6.66
27 Kumudvatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
28 Kṣiprā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.39
29 Lauhitam Matsya Purāṇa, 114.22;121.12; 163.65
30 Lauhiti Vāyu Purāṇa, 47.11;69.241; 77.95
31 Lauhitya Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 47.10,11
32 Lohitā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṅa, 2.16.27
33 Lohinī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.30
34 Mahānadī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32,34
35 Mandākinī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32; 48.5,7
36 Maṅjulā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.33
37 Mahāgaurī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.35
38 Nandanā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.28
Matsya Purāṇa, 114.25
39 Nirvindhyā Guruḍa Purāṇa, 6.65
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
40 Narmadā Agni Purāṇa, 133
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.74;19.45
Kūrma Purāṇa, ch.,40&41;47.32;42.34;42.39-41;47.32
Matsya Purāṇa, 185.10-12;185.53-55;190.17
Nārada Purāṇa, 2.77
Padma Purāṇa, ch., 13
41 Payoṣṇī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.18
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.16.32
Vāyu Purāṇa, 45.102
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.65
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
42 Piśācikā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.30
Vāyu Purāṇa, 45.100
Kūrma Purāṅa, 47.32
43 Pribivācalā Matsya Purāṇa, 114.31
44 Pridivābalā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.37
45 Puṇḍrā Matsya Purāṇa, 122.73
46 Puṣpabhadrā Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 12.8.17
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 5.97
47 Puṇyavatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.37
48 Palāśinī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.39
49 Ṛṣīkā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.39
50 Ṛṣikūlyā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.38
51 Ṛtumālā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.37
52 Sarasvatī Agni Purāṇa, 219.69-72
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.6.17-40
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.7.1-3
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.12.13-16
Brahmavaivarta Purāņa, 2.6.2, 12
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.6.2
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.6.3
Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa, 2.7.4
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.12.13
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.18
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 3.22.27
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 3.21.6
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 3.4.3
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 7.2.3
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.18
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 9.16.23
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 3.14-83
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.74
Matsya Purāṇa, 121.64-65
Matsya Purāṇa, 186.10-11
Matsya Purāṇa, 7.3
Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, 23.30
    Matsya Purāṇa, 22.22-23
Padma Purāṇa, 5.27.119
Padma Purāṇa, 5.27.119
Padma Purāṇa, 5.27.119
Skanda Purāṇa, 7.33.13-15
Skanda Purāṇa, 7.33.40-41
Skanda Purāṇa, 7.34.31
Skanda Purāṇa, 7.34.31
Vāmana Purāṇa, 37.16-23
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.3
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.2; 37.29, 38
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.2
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.24; 34.6
Vāmana Purāṇa, 42.9
Vāmana Purāṇa, 37.31; 40.8
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.24
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.2
Vāmana Purāṇa, 32.24; 34.6
Vāyu Purāṇa, 42.9
Vāyu Purāṇa, 37.29
Vāyu Purāṇa, 133.24
53 Sarayu Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.28
54 śatadru Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.17
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.28
    Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.3.10
55 Śānti Brahma Purāṇa, 2.19.46
56 Sikhī Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.4.11
57 Sikhimālā Vāyu Purāṇa, 44.17
58 Sindhu Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 6.5.3
Brahmaṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.24,17
Matsya Purāṇa, 114.20;121.40
59 Śitibāhu Vāyu Purāṇa, 45.102
60 Śona Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
61 Sacakṣu Kūrma Purāṇa, 46.29
62 Surā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
63 Surasā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32
64 Śīghradā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
65 Tāmratarņī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 4.28.35; 5.19.18;11.5.39;10.79.16
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.36; 3 1324-7; 4.33.52
Matsya Purāṇa, 22.49; 114.30
Vāyu Purāṇa, 77.24-5
Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.313
66 Tātī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 5.19.18
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.32
Matsya Purāṇa, 114.27
Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.3.11
67 Tāpī Guruḍa Purāṇa, 6.65
    Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
68 Tāptī Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 10.79.20
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 6.65
Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.3.11
69 Tridīvā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.26,31
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.19.19
Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 2.11
Vāyu Purāṇa, 49.93
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.30
70 Tāmasī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.32
71 Tamraparṇī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.37
72 Trisāmā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.38
73 Utpalāvatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.39
74 Vālā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.38
75 Vaitaraṇī Garuḍa Purāṇa, 47.1-4
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
76 Vāmodā Vāyu Purāṇa, 43.30
77 Vamśadharā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.37
Vāyu Purāṇa, 45.106
78 Varadā Vāyu Purāṇa, 101.243
79 Varamā Vāyu Purāṇa, 101.243
80 Vapuṣmatī Vāyu Purāṇa, 43.27
81 Varavarṇinī Vāyu Purāṇa, 101.243
82 Varā Vāyu Purāṇa, 101.243
83 Varabhadrā Vāyu Purāṇa, 101.243
84 Vaṃsadhāriṇī Vāyu Purāṇa, 47.39
85 Vasumatī Vāyu Purāṇa, 43.27
86 Vāluvāhinī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.33
87 Vinnā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.34
88 Vipāśa Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 10.79.11
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
89 Virajā Garuḍa Purāṇa, 10.17-20, 24,25, 26, 27
90 Veņā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.36
91 Vaṭodakā Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 4.28.35
92 Vedasmṛti Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.30
93 Vetravatī Guruḍa Purāṇa, 6.75
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
94 Viduṣā Matsya Purāṇa, 114.24
95 Viśālā Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2.16.31
Matsya Purāṇa, 114.21
Vāyu Purāṇa, 44.21
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.33
96 Vitāstā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.29
97 Vikīrṇa Vāyu Purāṇa, 44.17
98 Vedavatī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.30
99 Vṛataghnī Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.30
100 Varṇāśā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
101 Vidiśā Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.31
102 Yamunā Agni Purāṇa, 111.3,4
Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 3.1.24;4.2.35;5.19.18;9.2.1 9.6.39;10.3.50;10.15.47,48;10.11.36-43;10.39.38- 46;10.50.6,14;10.78.20
Garuḍa Purāṇa, 21.2;6.24
Kūrma Purāṇa, 47.28
Vāyu Purāṇa, 4.13; 20.25; 45.95
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