Bahirgita, aka: Bahirgīta, Bahis-gita; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bahirgita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Bahirgīta (बहिर्गीत) refers to “instrumental music” played in honour of the gods, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. It is also known by the name Nirgīta, when it is played to satisfy the vanity of the Daityas. Accordingly, “This is called the nirgīta to satisfy the vanity of the Daityas while in honour of the gods it is called the bahirgīta... It is called the nirgīta because in it there is sung a combination of sounds carrying no sense, and to satisfy the vanity of the gods it is called the bahirgīta.”

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29, the following are the bahirgītas:

  1. Āśrāvaṇā,
  2. Ārambha,
  3. Yaktrapāṇi,
  4. Saṃghoṭanā,
  5. Parighaṭṭanā,
  6. Mārgāsārita,
  7. Līlākṛta,
  8. The three kinds of Āsāritas.

Accordingly, “the bahir-gītas are to be applied first in a play by the producers, and all these should be applied without tālas or with tālas, and in the Styles of Procedure called the citra and the vṛtti”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.—“at the end of this (i.e. Trisāma), after following the procedure of the Preliminaries, one should perform the Bahirgītas in three tempos with the drumming which will follow the song in its metre and syllables. At the application of the Āsārita song, one should perform the drumming of the Tattva and Anugata Prakṛti. When after the Trisāma the Pratyāhāra etc. have reached their end, then the drumming is to begin”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bahirgita in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bahirgīta (बहिर्गीत).—a song accompanied by a stringed instrument.

Derivable forms: bahirgītam (बहिर्गीतम्).

Bahirgīta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bahis and gīta (गीत).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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