Tamisra, aka: Tamisrā, Tāmisra; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tamisra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Tamisra in Purana glossaries]

Tāmisra (तामिस्र).—A hell. (See under Kāla).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Tamisrā (तमिस्रा).—A Śakti on the Ṣoḍasapatrābjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 11.

2) Tāmisra (तामिस्र).—A hell among the twenty-eight in number. Here are put to torments, those who lay hands on another's property, children and women.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 30. 28; IV. 6. 45; V. 26. 7-8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 41; III. 11. 104.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[Tamisra in Samkhya glossaries]

Tāmisra (तामिस्र, “darkness”) is the fourth type of viparyaya (ignorance), according to the Sāṃkhya theory of evolution. Viparyaya refers to a category of pratyayasarga (intellectual products), which represents the first of two types of sarga (products) that come into being during tattvapariṇāma (elemental manifestations), which in turn, evolve out of the two types of pariṇāma (change, modification).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Tamisra in Shaktism glossaries]

Tāmisra (तामिस्र) refers to one of the thirty hells (naraka) mentioned in the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 8.21 (on the narrative of hells). The hells are destinations where dead beings brought by messengers of Yama (the God of the Pitṛs), and get punished by him according to their karmas and faults.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam (mentioning Tāmisra), is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Tamisra in Jainism glossaries]

Tamisra (तमिस्र) is the name of a cave (guhā) located on the Vaitāḍhya mountain which is situated in the center of Bhārata (parallel to the Himavān). The presiding deity over this cave is a vyantara God named Kṛtamālaka. Bhārata is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Tamisra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Tamisra (तमिस्र).—a. Dark.

-sram 1 Darkness; एतत्तमालदलनीलतमं तमिस्रम् (etattamāladalanīlatamaṃ tamisram) Gīt 11; करचरणोरसि मणिगणभूषणकिरणविभिन्नतमिस्रम् (karacaraṇorasi maṇigaṇabhūṣaṇakiraṇavibhinnatamisram) 2; Ki.5.2.

2) Mental darkness, illusion.

3) Anger, wrath.

-sraḥ The dark half of the month.

--- OR ---

Tamisrā (तमिस्रा).—

1) A dark night; सूर्ये तपत्यावरणाय दृष्टेः कल्पेत लोकस्य कथं तमिस्रा (sūrye tapatyāvaraṇāya dṛṣṭeḥ kalpeta lokasya kathaṃ tamisrā) R.5.13; Śi.6.7; Ki.9.18; Ku. 6.43.

2) Extensive darkness.

--- OR ---

Tāmisra (तामिस्र).—

1) A division of hell; Ms.4.88; Bhāg.3. 12.2.

2) The dark fortnight of a month.

3) Hatred.

4) Anger; तमिस्रं क्रोध उच्यते (tamisraṃ krodha ucyate) Mb.12.313.25.

5) A demon, Rākṣasa (going about in the dark).

6) (Phil.) Dislike; तामिस्रोष्टादशधा (tāmisroṣṭādaśadhā) Sāṅ K.48.

Derivable forms: tāmisraḥ (तामिस्रः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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