Sphay, Sphāy: 5 definitions


Sphay means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphāy (स्फाय्).—1 Ā. (sphāyate, sphīta)

1) To grow large or fat, to become big or bulky.

2) To swell, increase, expand; संदुधुक्षे तयोः कोपः पस्फाये शस्त्रलाघवम् (saṃdudhukṣe tayoḥ kopaḥ pasphāye śastralāghavam) Bk.14.19. -Caus. (sphāvayati-te) To cause to grow large, augment, increase; तावस्फावयतां शक्तीर्बाणांश्चाकिरतां मुहुः (tāvasphāvayatāṃ śaktīrbāṇāṃścākiratāṃ muhuḥ) Bk.17.43;4. 33; स्वं स्फावयन् शक्ररिपुः प्रभावम् (svaṃ sphāvayan śakraripuḥ prabhāvam) Bk.12.76;15.99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāy (स्फाय्).—[(ī) sphāyī] r. 1st cl. (sphāyata) 1. To grow, to increase, to become large or bulky. 2. To expand. 3. To smell.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāy (स्फाय्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (properly pass. of a lost vb. span, ph for p, by the influence of s), To swell, to become bulky, to increase, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 14, 109. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. I. sphāta, Swollen, enlarged. Ii. sphīta, 1. Swollen, enlarged, large, [Nala] 24, 37; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 11; thick, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 75, 21. 2. Abounding, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 1, 8 (abounding in taste, i. e. elegant); much, many. 3. Successful, risen in rank. 4. Affected by hereditary disease. [Causal.] sphāvaya (for original sphāpaya), To augment, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 12, 76.

— Cf. [Old High German.] sapannan (originally, To) draw); [Old High German.] and A. S. spanan; [Gothic.] and A. S. spinnan; (i. e. ); [Latin] spatium, patere (a [denominative.] derived from *pă-to, old ptcple. pf. pass.); probably also A. S. spówan (cf. [Causal.]); spédan; [Gothic.] spêd.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāy (स्फाय्).—sphāyate [participle] sphīta (q.v.) grow, fat, swell, increase. [Causative] sphāvayati fatten, enlarge, augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphāy (स्फाय्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xiv, 16]) sphāyate ([grammar] also [perfect tense] pasphāye [Aorist] asphāyiṣṭa, or asphāṣṭa [future] sphāyitā etc.), to grow fat, become bulky, swell, increase, expand, [Harṣacarita];

—to resound, [ib.] :—[Passive voice] sphīyate, to become fat, [Sāma-vidhāna-brāhmaṇa] :—[Causal] sphāvayati ([Aorist] apisphavat), to fatten, swell, strengthen, increase, augment, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) [?cf. [Greek] σφηλός; Lit. spëti; [Slavonic or Slavonian] spĕti.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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