Ras, Rās, Rash: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ras (रस्).—Personal ending of the third pers. (प्रथमपुरुष (prathamapuruṣa)) substituted for the affix झि (jhi) in the first future (लुट् (luṭ)): cf. लुटः प्रथमस्य डारौरसः (luṭaḥ prathamasya ḍāraurasaḥ) II.4.85.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of ras in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ras (रस्).—I. 1 P. (rasati, rasita)

1) To roar, yell, cry out, scream; करिव वन्यः परुषं ररास (kariva vanyaḥ paruṣaṃ rarāsa) R.16.78; Śi.3.41.

2) To sound, make a noise, tinkle, jingle &c.; राजन्योपनिमन्त्रणाय रसति स्फीतं यशोदुन्दुभिः (rājanyopanimantraṇāya rasati sphītaṃ yaśodundubhiḥ) Ve.1.25; रसतां निर्भरं नूपुराणाम् (rasatāṃ nirbharaṃ nūpurāṇām) Ratn.1.19; रसतु रसनापि तव घनजघनमण्डले (rasatu rasanāpi tava ghanajaghanamaṇḍale) Gīt.1.

3) To resound, reverberate.

4) To sing.

5) Ved. To praise. -II. 1 U. (rasayati-te, rasita)

1) To taste, relish; रसती रसना रसान् (rasatī rasanā rasān) Mb.12.285.19; मृद्वीका रसिता (mṛdvīkā rasitā) Bv.4.13; Śi. 1.27; Mv.7.3.

2) To feel, perceive.

3) To love.

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Rās (रास्).—1 Ā. (rāsate) To cry, scream, yell, sound, howl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—r. 1st cl. (rasati) 1. To sound. 2. To roar, to cry. r. 10th cl. (rasayati te) 1. To taste, to relish. 2. To love, to regard.

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Rāś (राश्).—[(ṛ)rāśṛ] r. 1st and 4th cl. (rāśate rāśyate) To sound.

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Rās (रास्).—[(ṛ)rāsṛ] r. 1st cl. (rāsate) To sound, to cry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To sound, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 10, 6. 2. To roar, Mahābhārata 3, 14602. 3. To sing, [Śiśupālavadha] 6, 70. 4. † To praise. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. rasita, Sounded. n. 1. The rattling of thunder, [Ghaṭakarpara, (ed. Cale.)] 14. 2. Sound. Cf. s.v. Frequent. rāras, To cry loudly, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 5, 96.

— With the prep. anu anu, anurasita, Accompanied by howling, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 45, 2.

— With ā ā, To lament, [Nala] 1, 11. ārasita, n. Cry, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 41.

— With vi vi, To cry, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 15, 42.

— Cf. [Gothic.] razda; [Old High German.] rartjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] reordian; [Old High German.] rerjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] rarian.

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Ras (रस्).—i. 10, rasaya and rasū- paya (rather a [denominative.] derived from rasa), [Parasmaipada.] 1. To taste, [Śiśupālavadha] 10, 27. 2. † To love. Desider. rirasayiṣa, To wish to taste, [Śiśupālavadha] 11, 11.

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Rāś (राश्).—v.r. for rās.

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Rās (रास्).— (cf. ras), i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (Mbh. 8, 1941, [Parasmaipada.]), To sound, to cry.

— Cf. rāś.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—1. rasati rasate [participle] rasita (q.v.) roar, howl, cry, sound.

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Ras (रस्).—2. rasati rasyati rasayati te taste, relish, feel, perceive.

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Rās (रास्).—rāsati rāsate roar, howl. [Intensive] rārāsyate cry aloud, lament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ras (रस्):—1. ras (cf. √1. rās) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xvii, 63]) rasati (rarely [Ātmanepada] te; [perfect tense] rarāsa resuḥ, [Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] arAsIt [grammar]; [future] rasitā, rasiṣyati, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] rasitum, [ib.]),

—to roar, yell, cry, sound, reverberate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to praise, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 14] :—[Causal] rāsayati ([Aorist] arīrasat), [grammar]:—[Desiderative] rirasiṣati, [ib.] :

—[Intensive] rārasyate (or rārasti, [grammar]), to cry out loudly, scream aloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) 2. ras (rather [Nominal verb] [from] rasa below) [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxv. 77]) rasayati (rarely [Ātmanepada] te [Epic] also rasati and rasyati), to taste, relish, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to feel, perceive, be sensible of [Sāhitya-darpaṇa];

2) —to love, [Dhātupāṭha] :—[Desiderative] rirasayiṣati, to desire to taste, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

3) Rās (रास्):—1a or [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 49]) rāti ([Vedic or Veda] also [Ātmanepada] rāte; [imperative] rirīhi, rarāsva, raridhvam; p. rarāṇa; 3. sg. rarate and rāsate; [perfect tense] rarima, rare; [Aorist] arāsma [subjunctive] rātat etc. [Potential] rāsīya; [Classical] forms are only pr. rāti; [future] rātā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; rāsyati, [Vopadeva, and] [infinitive mood] rātave, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), to grant, give, bestow, impart, yield, surrender, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

4) Rāś (राश्):—[varia lectio] for √rās q.v.

5) Rās (रास्):—1b (cf. √1. ras) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xvi, 25]) rāsate ([perfect tense] rarāse, [Kāvya literature]; [future] rāsitā, rāsiṣyate [grammar]; [Aorist] arāsiṣṭa, [ib.]),

—to howl, cry, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.:

—[Intensive] rārāsyate, to cry aloud, utter loud lamentations (only p. rārāyamāna; [Bombay edition] vāvāśyamāna), [Mahābhārata]

6) 2. rās See √1. .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ras (रस्):—rasati 1. a. To sound. (ka) rasayati 10. a. To taste, relish, love.

2) Rāś (राश्):—(ṛ, ṅa) rāśate 1. d. To sound. (ya, ṅa) rāśyate 4. d. Idem.

3) Rās (रास्):—(ṝṅa) rāsate 1. d. To sound.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ras (रस्):—1. , rasati (śabde) [DHĀTUP. 17, 63.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 9, 11. 11, 25.] [das 3, 14] (arcatikarman); rarāsa, arāsīt; hier und da auch med. brüllen, wiehern, heulen, schreien, dröhnen, ertönen: atha yadarasadiva ca rāsabho bhavat [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 1, 1, 11. 3, 1, 28.] rāsabhārāvasadṛśaṃ rarāsa ca nanāda ca [Mahābhārata 2, 1494.] resuścāroṣitāḥ siṃhā sajalā iva toyadāḥ [Harivaṃśa 3936. 5532.] mahāgajā resuḥ [Mahābhārata 7, 9419.] [Harivaṃśa 4671.] gomāyusāraṅgagaṇāḥ bhīmamarāsiṣuḥ [Bhaṭṭikavya 3, 26.] kroṣṭūnrasataḥ [6, 5.] rarāsa rākṣaso harṣātsataḍittoyado yathā [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 7, 28. 32, 43.] [Bhaṭṭikavya 14, 9.] rurodāsau rarāsa ca [55.] hanūmānarāsīcca bhayaṃkaram [15, 122.] rasamānasārasa [Śiśupālavadha 6, 75.] [NALOD. 1, 22.] tārarave kokile rasati [Śiśupālavadha 6, 70.] (parvatottamaḥ) rarāsa siṃhābhihato mahāmatta iva dvipaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 4, 8. 54, 11.] hradaḥ karīva vanyaḥ paruṣaṃ rarāsa [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 78.] (tena nādena) rarāsa gaganaṃ kṛtsnamutpātajaladairiva [Mahābhārata 1, 8289.] resatū rodasī gāḍham [3, 14602.] [Harivaṃśa 2393. 9020.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 85, 16.] uccai rasatāṃ payomucām [Ṛtusaṃhāra 2, 10.] rasadabda [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 24, 148.] rarāsa ca mahī bhṛśam [Mahābhārata 3, 14340. 6, 5701. 8, 1707.] rasate vyathate bhūmiḥ kampatīva ca sarvaśaḥ [6, 5204.] bhūsamaṃ rasate yadāmbudaḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 28, 18.] śaṅkharāṭ rarāsa [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 7, 10.] rasattūrya [Kathāsaritsāgara 88, 26.] rasatu raśanā [Gītagovinda 10, 6.] rasato gāṇḍivasya [Mahābhārata 7, 108.] raktaliptarasatkhaḍgalatā [Kathāsaritsāgara 108, 106.] rasita adj. unarticulirte Laute von sich gebend [Gītagovinda 7, 17.] n. Gebrüll, Geschrei, Getön [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 288.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 144.] vanaharirasitaiḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 168.] raṇadundubheḥ [Spr. 1130.] Donner [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1406.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [kāvyādarśa 3, 35.] navaghana [Spr. 3042.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 300.] [Ghaṭakarpara 14.] — Vgl. rās . — intens. laut schreien: uccai rārasyamānāṃ tām (sītām) [Bhaṭṭikavya 5, 96.] — anu mit Geschrei u.s.w. begleiten, einen Laut erwiedern; mit acc.: mayūrairudgrīvairanurasitasya puṣkarasya [Mālavikāgnimitra 20, v. l.] anurasita n. Wiederhall [UTTARAR. 33, 20 (45, 2)] [?= MĀLATĪM. 145, 15.] — abhi zuwiehern, mit acc. [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 5, 4.] — ā brüllen, schreien: mṛgakulamārasat [NALOD. 3, 14.] dviṣatāṃ ca paṅktimārasamānām [1, 11.] ārasita adj. schreiend: sārasa [Mālavikāgnimitra 41.] n. Gebrüll, Geheul: siṃhārasitanirghoṣa [Harivaṃśa 5550.] śṛgālārasitaśabda [5663.] — vi schreien [Harivaṃśa 5540.] [Bhaṭṭikavya 15, 42.]

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Ras (रस्):—2. , rasati, rasyati und rasayati (āsvādanasnehanayoḥ [DHĀTUP. 35, 77]) schmecken: rasatī rasanā rasān [Mahābhārata 12, 10504.] na rasyati [11383.] rasayati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 1, 25] (rasayate [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 4, 3, 25). 3, 18.] [MAITRYUP. 6, 7.] kathāmṛtam [Kathāsaritsāgara 9,] Einl. rasitavatī madyam [Śiśupālavadha 10, 27.] schmecken so v. a. empfinden: rasyata iti rasaḥ [Sāhityadarpana 6, 22.] rasyamānatā [24, 2.] — rasati [Mahābhārata 14, 571] fehlerhaft für rasatvaṃ, wie die ed. Bomb. liest. rasayati ist wohl als denom. von rasa, rasati und rasyati aber als spätere Bildungen aufzufassen. — desid. zu schmecken verlangen: rirasayiṣati bhūyaḥ śaṣpam [Śiśupālavadha 11, 11.]

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Rāś (राश्):—, rāśate (śabde) v. l. für rās [DHĀTUP. 16, 25.] ulūkāścāpyarāśanta [Mahābhārata 7, 6658.] adṛśyanta ed. Bomb.; die richtige Lesart wird wohl avāśanta oder arāsanta sein.

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Rās (रास्):—1. , rāsate (śabde) [DHĀTUP. 16, 25.] heulen, schreien: ārtataraṃ rarāse (payodaḥ) [Spr. 1603.] cikī kucīti rāsante sārikā veśmasu sthitāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 11, 42.] act. : kākā gomāyavo gṛdhrā rāsanti ca subhairavam [36.] sārasānāṃ ca rāsatām [3, 76, 14.] kāka kāketi rāsantam (vāśantam ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 8, 1941.] sārasya iva rāsantyaḥ (vāśantyaḥ ed. Bomb.) [11, 532.] — Vgl. 1. ras . — intens. laut schreien, wehklagen: ime te bhrātaraḥ rārāsyamānāstiṣṭhanti (vāvāśyamānās ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 12, 389.] — pari mit Geschrei begleiten: nadantaṃ pāñcajanyam samantātparyarāsanta (paryavāśanta ed. Bomb.) rāsabhāḥ [Mahābhārata 16, 49.]

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Rās (रास्):—2. verleihen u.s.w. s. u. 1. .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ras in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) juice; (aesthetic) relish; sentiment; pleasure, enjoyment; taste, flavour; ~[gulla] a typical round and spongy Bengali sweet; ~[dara] juicy, luscious; tasty, relishing; ~[grahana] appreciation; ~[jna] one who has capability to relish, blessed with aesthetic sense; who has profound understanding of poetic sentiments; a connoisseur; hence [jnata] (nf); -[bhamga] interruption/interception of aesthetic relish; ~[bhari] raspberry; ~[bhina] full of flavour, well-steeped in sentiment; [raja] the king of all sentiments; the erotic sentiment; ~[vada] pleasant/erotic talk; wrangle; taking interest in erotic talks; talkativeness; ~[vadi] one who takes interest in erotic talks/quarrels; talkative; -[virodha] discordance of [rasa; ~shastra] alchemy; ~[siddha] an expert in manifestation of [rasa]; —[ana] to enjoy, to relish; —[barasana] to cause a constant flow of (aesthetic) pleasure; -[lutana] all relish to be gone, source of pleasure to be exhausted; -[lena] to enjoy, to relish..—ras (रस) is alternatively transliterated as Rasa.

2) Ras in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a circular dance performance associated with the legend of Krishna and the gopis; reins (of a horse etc.); (a) favourable, befitting; ~[dhari] a performer who enacts the exploits of Krishna and represents episodes from his life on the stage; ~[mamdali] the ring of performers of [rasa; ~lila] the sport of Krishna and gopis, the enactment on the stage of the exploits of Krishna and episodes from his life; —[ana] to prove favourable/good/beneficial; —[racana] to organise a [rasa]; to have a posse of damsels around, to enjoy in the company of pretty women; —[lena] to adopt (a child)..—ras (रास) is alternatively transliterated as Rāsa.

context information

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