Ras, Rās, Rash: 6 definitions

Introduction

Ras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ras (रस्).—Personal ending of the third pers. (प्रथमपुरुष (prathamapuruṣa)) substituted for the affix झि (jhi) in the first future (लुट् (luṭ)): cf. लुटः प्रथमस्य डारौरसः (luṭaḥ prathamasya ḍāraurasaḥ) II.4.85.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ras (रस्).—I. 1 P. (rasati, rasita)

1) To roar, yell, cry out, scream; करिव वन्यः परुषं ररास (kariva vanyaḥ paruṣaṃ rarāsa) R.16.78; Śi.3.41.

2) To sound, make a noise, tinkle, jingle &c.; राजन्योपनिमन्त्रणाय रसति स्फीतं यशोदुन्दुभिः (rājanyopanimantraṇāya rasati sphītaṃ yaśodundubhiḥ) Ve.1.25; रसतां निर्भरं नूपुराणाम् (rasatāṃ nirbharaṃ nūpurāṇām) Ratn.1.19; रसतु रसनापि तव घनजघनमण्डले (rasatu rasanāpi tava ghanajaghanamaṇḍale) Gīt.1.

3) To resound, reverberate.

4) To sing.

5) Ved. To praise. -II. 1 U. (rasayati-te, rasita)

1) To taste, relish; रसती रसना रसान् (rasatī rasanā rasān) Mb.12.285.19; मृद्वीका रसिता (mṛdvīkā rasitā) Bv.4.13; Śi. 1.27; Mv.7.3.

2) To feel, perceive.

3) To love.

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Rās (रास्).—1 Ā. (rāsate) To cry, scream, yell, sound, howl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—r. 1st cl. (rasati) 1. To sound. 2. To roar, to cry. r. 10th cl. (rasayati te) 1. To taste, to relish. 2. To love, to regard.

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Rāś (राश्).—[(ṛ)rāśṛ] r. 1st and 4th cl. (rāśate rāśyate) To sound.

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Rās (रास्).—[(ṛ)rāsṛ] r. 1st cl. (rāsate) To sound, to cry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To sound, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 10, 6. 2. To roar, Mahābhārata 3, 14602. 3. To sing, [Śiśupālavadha] 6, 70. 4. † To praise. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. rasita, Sounded. n. 1. The rattling of thunder, [Ghaṭakarpara, (ed. Cale.)] 14. 2. Sound. Cf. s.v. Frequent. rāras, To cry loudly, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 5, 96.

— With the prep. anu anu, anurasita, Accompanied by howling, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 45, 2.

— With ā ā, To lament, [Nala] 1, 11. ārasita, n. Cry, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 41.

— With vi vi, To cry, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 15, 42.

— Cf. [Gothic.] razda; [Old High German.] rartjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] reordian; [Old High German.] rerjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] rarian.

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Ras (रस्).—i. 10, rasaya and rasū- paya (rather a [denominative.] derived from rasa), [Parasmaipada.] 1. To taste, [Śiśupālavadha] 10, 27. 2. † To love. Desider. rirasayiṣa, To wish to taste, [Śiśupālavadha] 11, 11.

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Rāś (राश्).—v.r. for rās.

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Rās (रास्).— (cf. ras), i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (Mbh. 8, 1941, [Parasmaipada.]), To sound, to cry.

— Cf. rāś.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ras (रस्).—1. rasati rasate [participle] rasita (q.v.) roar, howl, cry, sound.

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Ras (रस्).—2. rasati rasyati rasayati te taste, relish, feel, perceive.

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Rās (रास्).—rāsati rāsate roar, howl. [Intensive] rārāsyate cry aloud, lament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ras (रस्):—1. ras (cf. √1. rās) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xvii, 63]) rasati (rarely [Ātmanepada] te; [perfect tense] rarāsa resuḥ, [Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] arAsIt [grammar]; [future] rasitā, rasiṣyati, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] rasitum, [ib.]),

—to roar, yell, cry, sound, reverberate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to praise, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 14] :—[Causal] rāsayati ([Aorist] arīrasat), [grammar]:—[Desiderative] rirasiṣati, [ib.] :

—[Intensive] rārasyate (or rārasti, [grammar]), to cry out loudly, scream aloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) 2. ras (rather [Nominal verb] [from] rasa below) [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxv. 77]) rasayati (rarely [Ātmanepada] te [Epic] also rasati and rasyati), to taste, relish, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to feel, perceive, be sensible of [Sāhitya-darpaṇa];

2) —to love, [Dhātupāṭha] :—[Desiderative] rirasayiṣati, to desire to taste, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

3) Rās (रास्):—1a or [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 49]) rāti ([Vedic or Veda] also [Ātmanepada] rāte; [imperative] rirīhi, rarāsva, raridhvam; p. rarāṇa; 3. sg. rarate and rāsate; [perfect tense] rarima, rare; [Aorist] arāsma [subjunctive] rātat etc. [Potential] rāsīya; [Classical] forms are only pr. rāti; [future] rātā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; rāsyati, [Vopadeva, and] [infinitive mood] rātave, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), to grant, give, bestow, impart, yield, surrender, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

4) Rāś (राश्):—[varia lectio] for √rās q.v.

5) Rās (रास्):—1b (cf. √1. ras) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xvi, 25]) rāsate ([perfect tense] rarāse, [Kāvya literature]; [future] rāsitā, rāsiṣyate [grammar]; [Aorist] arāsiṣṭa, [ib.]),

—to howl, cry, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.:

—[Intensive] rārāsyate, to cry aloud, utter loud lamentations (only p. rārāyamāna; [Bombay edition] vāvāśyamāna), [Mahābhārata]

6) 2. rās See √1. .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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