Simhasena, Siṃhasena: 7 definitions


Simhasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Simhasena in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन).—The commander of the army of Kārtavīryārjuna. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 46). This Śiṃhasena captured and imprisoned Rāvaṇa.

2) Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन).—A warrior of Pāñcāla. In the battle of Bhārata he took the side of the Pāṇḍavas and was killed in the battle by Droṇa. Droṇa Parva, Chapter 16, Verse 32).

3) Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन).—Another warrior of Pāñcāla. Karṇa killed him in the battle of Bhārata. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Verse 44).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Simhasena in Kavya glossary
Source: Gleanings from Atula’s Musikavamsa

Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन) is the name of an ancient king from Mūṣika, according to the historical poem Mūṣikavaṃśa by Atula dealing with the royal lineage of North Kerala in roughly 1000 verses.—[...] [King Rāmaghaṭa] marries Suvarman’s daughter Bhadrasenā and installs his eldest son by her on the throne of Hehaya kingdom and returns to Mūṣika kingdom with his youngest son Nandana. Rāmaghaṭa retires to forest after making him the king. The pleasure loving Nandana was succeeded by a lineage, among whom were Ugra, Ugradhanvā, Siṃhasena, Candravarman, Bṛhatsuta and Ugrāśva. [...]

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Simhasena in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन) is the father of Anantanātha, the fourteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Siṃhasena is Suyaśā according to Śvetāmbara or Sarvayaśā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन) is the father of Anantanātha: the fourteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina Purāṇas give his father’s name as Siṃhasena and mother’s name as Jayaśyāmā. He was the Kṣatriya sovereign of Ayodhyā, where the Tīrthaṃkara was born. He obtained his name of Ananta as his mother had seen an endless necklace of pearls. Jaina tradition asserts that an endless (ananta) thread which lay about powerless in Ayodhyā became endowed with power to heal diseases as soon as the Tīrthaṃkara took his birth.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन) refers to the head of the Gaṇadharas, according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Then the head of the Gaṇadharas, Siṃhasena, placed on a lion-throne brought by Sagara, delivered a sermon. The chief of the Gaṇabhṛts, from the power of the Master’s place, described innumerable births and whatever anyone asked. The people in the Master’s assembly also knew the removal of doubt without the Kevalin, and did not think ‘He (the Gaṇabhṛt) is (only) an ordinary ascetic’. Removal of the teacher’s fatigue, reliance on each other, and the step from pupil to teacher are the qualities of the Gaṇabhṛt’s sermon. When the second division of the day was completed, the head of the Gaṇabhṛts teased from preaching, like a traveler from moving”.

2) Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन) is the name of an ancient king from Ayodhyā and a previous incarnation of Ananta, according to chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now in Jambūdvīpa in the southern half of Bharata there is a capital city Ayodhyā, the ground of the mountain of the Ikṣvāku-family. [...] Its king was Siṃhasena, chief of man-lions, with remarkable strength like a lion. Kings offered him service from a desire for their own happiness, like service to a supreme god from devotion. Chief of the virtuous, he delighted the world with his various blameless virtues, like the moon with its white rays. [...]  His wife, the dwelling-place of dharma, was named Suyaśas, with abundant glory from her own good conduct. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Simhasena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhasena (सिंहसेन):—[=siṃha-sena] [from siṃha] m. Name of various men, [Mahābhārata; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Simhasena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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