Shvanasya, aka: Śvānāsyā; 2 Definition(s)


Shvanasya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvānāsyā can be transliterated into English as Svanasya or Shvanasya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Śvānāsyā (श्वानास्या, “dog-faced”) is the presiding deity of the western outern gate of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra (largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra). It is composed of the Sanskrit words śvāna (dog) and āsya (face). The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī, which is modeled upon the twelve-armed Cakrasaṃvara, thus inhibiting many similar iconographical features.

Śvānāsyā is associated with the colors yellow and grey. She is to be visualised as dwarfish in shape and squint-eyed. They wield in their left hands a skull bowl and the head of Brahmā, and in their right hands a chopper and ḍamaru.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Śvānāsyā (श्वानास्या) refers to the Ḍākinī of the western gate situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The four gate Ḍākinīs [viz., Śvānāsyā] each has the same physical feature as the four Ḍākinīs starting with Lāmā.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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