Shivaratri, Shiva-ratri, Śivarātri, Śivarātrī: 15 definitions


Shivaratri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śivarātri and Śivarātrī can be transliterated into English as Sivaratri or Shivaratri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shivaratri in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śivarātrī (शिवरात्री).—General. Śivarātrī is a holy day. Śivarātrī is observed on the eve of New moon day (Caturdaśī) falling in the middle of Māgha and Phālguna (February-March). During this night, penance should be done with fasting. On Caturdaśī day penance (vrata) should be observed without sleep and food and Śiva worshipped. (See full article at Story of Śivarātrī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Śivarātri proceeds as follows: Śivaliṅga, from which the blanket like plaster of purified butter has been removed, is to be worshipped on the dark 14th of Phālguṇa, in the way in which Viṣṇu’s image is bathed in Devotthāna ceremony. Śivaliṅga is to be worshipped with perfumes, garlands, clothes, unguents, and naivedya consisting of animals made of flour. The worshippers are enjoined to observe fast during the day and vigil at night listening to the Śivadharmas and the stories of Śiva’s incarnations. On the 15th, the worship of Śiva is prescribed and the worshippers have to take meals consisting of Kulmāṣas and sweetmeats.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि) is the name of a religious festival mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.18.—Accordingly, as Guṇanidhi thought to himself:—“[...] In the meantime a certain devotee of Lord Śiva (māheśvara) came out of the city taking with him various articles of offering (upahāra). He had observed fast (uposhita) on the Śivarātri day. In order to worship lord Śiva, he was on his way, along with his kinsmen and was carrying different sorts of delightful offerings. [...]”.

Śivarātri refers to “Śiva’s night” and is a popular fast and festival held in honour of Śiva on the 14th of the dark half of the month Māgha or January-February with many solemn ceremonies observed during the day and night. In Tāntric literature it is called Kālarātri, one of the three sacred nights, the other two being Mahārātri and Moharātri.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shivaratri in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Hindu Ritual at the Margins

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि):—The annual night on which devotees of Śiva fast and remain awake while worshipping the deity with great ritual celebration. Devotees carry a variety of sweet-smelling food offerings to be presented to Śiva in the form of a liṅga in a nearby temple.

Source: Tessitori Collection I (hinduism)

Śivarātrī (शिवरात्री) or Śivarātrīkathā is the name of a manuscript dealing with Hymns and Rituals.—The Śivarātrī-kathā (in Rajasthani) is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

India history and geography

Source: South Indian Festivities

There are five kinds of Sivaratris in the course of a year and they go by the names Maha-Sivaratri, Yoga-Sivaratri. Nitya-Sivaratri, Paksha-Sivaratri and Masa-Sivaratri. The term Maha-Sivaratri and its origin have already been detailed upon. Nitya-Sivaratri is the daily night of Siva while Paksha-Sivaratri and Masa-Sivaratri are Siva’s fortnightly and monthly nights respectively. Yoga-Sivaratri is the night which a yogi creates for himself by his yoga-trance.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Sivaratri refers to one of the festivals of the Nambutiris. Sivaratri refers to the worship of Siva on the last day of Magha. Fast and vigil at night, and puja. The Nambutiri people form the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar, and, as the traditional landlords of Parasu Rama’s land, they are everywhere held in great reverence.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivaratri in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śivarātri (शिवरात्रि).—f m (S) pop. śivarātra f A night on which fasting, vigil, and other observances are held in honor of Shiva. The night appointed is the fourteenth of the dark half of every month, but more especially the fourteenth of Magha; and the ground of the appointment is a legend, in every body's mouth, of a hunter's obtaining Moksha from Shiva, because he, from a Bilva-tree, up which he had climbed to observe a deer he was pursuing, shook down, through the whole night, leaves uponalingam lying hidden underneath; and thus, though unintentionally and ignorantly, propitiated and won the heart of the god Shiva.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śivarātri (शिवरात्रि).—f m A night on which fasting &c. is held in honour of śiva.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivaratri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि).—f. the fourteenth day of the dark half of Māgha on which a rigorous fast is observed in honour of Śiva; शैवो वा वैष्णवो वापि यो वा स्यादन्यपूजकः । सर्वं पूजाफलं हन्ति शिवरात्रिबहिर्मुखः (śaivo vā vaiṣṇavo vāpi yo vā syādanyapūjakaḥ | sarvaṃ pūjāphalaṃ hanti śivarātribahirmukhaḥ) || Īśvarasaṃhitā.

Derivable forms: śivarātriḥ (शिवरात्रिः).

Śivarātri is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śiva and rātri (रात्रि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि).—f.

(-triḥ) A celebrated festival held in honour of Siva on the fourteenth of the moon’s wane or dark-fortnight in Magha. E. śiva, and rātri night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि):—[=śiva-rātri] [from śiva] f. ‘Śiva’s night’, Name of a popular fast and festival in honour of Śiva (kept on the 14th of the dark half of the month Māgha or January-February with many solemn ceremonies, observed during the day and night cf. śiva-caturdaśī), [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Religious Thought and Life in India 90; 428]

2) [v.s. ...] a form of Durgā (= mahā-kālī), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि):—[śiva-rātri] (triḥ) 2. f. See śiva-caturdaśī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shivaratri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivaratri in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śivarātri (ಶಿವರಾತ್ರಿ):—[noun] the fourteenth day in the waning fortnight of the moon in Māgha, the eleventh month of Hindu lunar calendar.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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