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Shivarcana, aka: Śivārcana, Shiva-arcana; 3 Definition(s)


Shivarcana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivārcana can be transliterated into English as Sivarcana or Shivarcana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन).—In the ritualistic process of śivārcana, Lord Siva is invoked and installed on a mystic pedestal known as śivāsana which itself is constituted of five asanas known as anantāsana, siṃhāsana, yogāsana, padmāsana and vimalāsana. Each āsana, with an attributed form represents a gross element

  1. Anantāsana (form: triangle, element: Earth)
  2. Siṃhāsana (form: square, element: Water)
  3. Yogāsana (form: octagonal, element: Fire)
  4. Padmāsana (form: circle, element: Air)
  5. Vimalāsana (form: hexagon, element: Space )

Bassically, each asana is composed of a tattva or a group of tattvas and on the whole śivāsana is nothing but a mystic pedestal composed of thirty-six principles (tattvas). The pīṭha part of śivaliṅga is to be indentified wih śivāsana.

Source: IGNCA: Āgamic Treatment Of Mahābhūtas In Relation To Maṇḍalas And Arts

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन).—In Śaiva theism, darśana is orchestrated in the context of śivārcana, ritual worship of Śiva in the temple. Daily worship is conducted at dawn and dusk, the two saṃdhyās, “conjunctions” between night and day (dawn and dusk), and also at noon. For the duration of worship, various upacāras, specifie articles and acts of sacrosanct nature that appeal to all the senses, are employed.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)Śaivism book cover
context information

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन, “Śiva-worship”) refers to a rtiual, following bhūtaśuddhi, that completes the trasnference of Śiva as deity manifest in the image, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—Accordingly, then, reciting the mūlamantra, principal incantation, he worships the deity with incense and lamp, flowers and sandal-paste, and offerings of food. He then shows all the mudras to the image while the Brāhmaṇas sprinkle unhusked rice and pronounce svasti, benediction. This śivārcana, worship of Śiva, effects the consecration of the image, and marks the completion of the ceremony of opening the eye. The image has now become sivasana, seat of Śiva. The image is then taken in procession through the village and brought back to the temple.

The ritual is following by ratnavinyāsa.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the MānasāraVāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

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