Shivarcana, Śivārcana, Shiva-arcana: 6 definitions


Shivarcana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivārcana can be transliterated into English as Sivarcana or Shivarcana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shivarchana.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shivarcana in Shaivism glossary
Source: IGNCA: Āgamic Treatment Of Mahābhūtas In Relation To Maṇḍalas And Arts

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन).—In the ritualistic process of śivārcana, Lord Siva is invoked and installed on a mystic pedestal known as śivāsana which itself is constituted of five asanas known as anantāsana, siṃhāsana, yogāsana, padmāsana and vimalāsana. Each āsana, with an attributed form represents a gross element

  1. Anantāsana (form: triangle, element: Earth)
  2. Siṃhāsana (form: square, element: Water)
  3. Yogāsana (form: octagonal, element: Fire)
  4. Padmāsana (form: circle, element: Air)
  5. Vimalāsana (form: hexagon, element: Space )

Bassically, each asana is composed of a tattva or a group of tattvas and on the whole śivāsana is nothing but a mystic pedestal composed of thirty-six principles (tattvas). The pīṭha part of śivaliṅga is to be indentified wih śivāsana.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन).—In Śaiva theism, darśana is orchestrated in the context of śivārcana, ritual worship of Śiva in the temple. Daily worship is conducted at dawn and dusk, the two saṃdhyās, “conjunctions” between night and day (dawn and dusk), and also at noon. For the duration of worship, various upacāras, specifie articles and acts of sacrosanct nature that appeal to all the senses, are employed.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन) refers to the “worship of Śiva”, as quoted by Hṛdayaśiva in his Prāyaścittasamuccaya (verse 10.27-35).—Accordingly, “[...] Wearing yellow garments and yellow garlands and unguents and a yellow sacred thread he should perform the excellent observance of rudrāṇī for a month. The competent ritualist (budha), constantly devoted to the worship of Śiva (śivārcana-rata), should perform the observance for puruṣṭuta for one month with all accoutrements being black. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन, “Śiva-worship”) refers to a rtiual, following bhūtaśuddhi, that completes the trasnference of Śiva as deity manifest in the image, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—Accordingly, then, reciting the mūlamantra, principal incantation, he worships the deity with incense and lamp, flowers and sandal-paste, and offerings of food. He then shows all the mudras to the image while the Brāhmaṇas sprinkle unhusked rice and pronounce svasti, benediction. This śivārcana, worship of Śiva, effects the consecration of the image, and marks the completion of the ceremony of opening the eye. The image has now become sivasana, seat of Śiva. The image is then taken in procession through the village and brought back to the temple.

The ritual is following by ratnavinyāsa.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shivarcana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन) refers to the “worship of Śiva”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.6 (“Prayer to Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “When the Asuras had become so, when they had abandoned the worship of Śiva (śivārcana), when the virtuous rites of chaste women came to an end and evil conduct came to stay, Viṣṇu was apparently contented. Accompanied by the gods, Viṣṇu went to Kailāsa in order to intimate their activities to Śiva. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivarcana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivārcana (शिवार्चन):—[from śiva] n. worship of Ś°

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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